The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization)

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The Indian monsoon variability and civilization changes in the Indian subcontinent

This " Nordic race " theory gained traction following the publication of Charles Morris 's The Aryan Race , which touches racist ideology. To this idea of "races", Vacher de Lapouge espoused what he termed selectionism , and which had two aims: first, achieving the annihilation of trade unionists, considered "degenerate"; second, the prevention of labour dissatisfaction through the creation of "types" of man, each "designed" for one specific task See the novel Brave New World for a fictional treatment of this idea.

Meanwhile, in India, the British colonial government had followed de Gobineau's arguments along another line, and had fostered the idea of a superior "Aryan race" that co-opted the Indian caste system in favor of imperial interests. The European developments not only allowed the British to identify themselves as high-caste, but also allowed the Brahmins to view themselves as on-par with the British. In The Secret Doctrine , Helena Petrovna Blavatsky described the " Aryan root race " as the fifth of seven " Root races ", dating their souls as having begun to incarnate about a million years ago in Atlantis.

The Semites were a subdivision of the Aryan root race. The Semites, especially the Arabs, are later Aryans — degenerate in spirituality and perfected in materiality.

R. S. Sharma

To these belong all the Jews and the Arabs. Aryan and Zoroastrian. But "the antecedents of [present-day] Iranian ultra-nationalism can be traced back to the writings of late nineteenth-century figures such as Mirza Fatali Akhundov and Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani. Demonstrating affinity with Orientalist views of the supremacy of the Aryan peoples and the mediocrity of the Semitic peoples , Iranian nationalist discourse idealized pre-Islamic [ Achaemenid and Sassanid ] empires, whilst negating the 'Islamization' of Persia by Muslim forces.

In the United States, the best-selling book Race Life of the Aryan Peoples by Joseph Pomeroy Widney consolidated in the popular mind the idea that the word "Aryan" is the proper identification for "all Indo-Europeans", and that " Aryan Americans " of the "Aryan race" are destined to fulfill America's manifest destiny to form an American Empire. Gordon Childe would later regret it, but the depiction of Aryans as possessors of a "superior language" became a matter of national pride in learned circles of Germany portrayed against the background that World War I was lost because Germany had been betrayed from within by miscegenation and the "corruption" of socialist trade unionists and other "degenerates".

Alfred Rosenberg —one of the principal architects of Nazi ideological creed—argued for a new " religion of the blood ", based on the supposed innate promptings of the Nordic soul to defend its "noble" character against racial and cultural degeneration. In its "appalling medical model", the annihilation of the "racially inferior" Untermenschen was sanctified as the excision of a diseased organ in an otherwise healthy body, [84] which led to the Holocaust. By the end of World War II, the word "Aryan" among a number of people had lost its Romantic or idealist connotations and was associated by many with Nazi racism instead.

By then, the term " Indo-Iranian " and " Indo-European " had made most uses of the term "Aryan" superfluous in the eyes of a number of scholars, and "Aryan" now survives in most scholarly usage only in the term " Indo-Aryan " to indicate speakers of North Indian languages.

It has been asserted by one scholar that Indo-Aryan and Aryan may not be equated and that such an equation is not supported by the historical evidence, [85] though this extreme viewpoint is not widespread. The use of the term to designate speakers of all Indo-European languages in scholarly usage is now regarded by some scholars as an "aberration to be avoided. Wells , [87] [88] such as the science fiction author Poul Anderson , [89] and scientists writing for the popular media, such as Colin Renfrew.

Echoes of "the 19th century prejudice about 'northern' Aryans who were confronted on Indian soil with black barbarians [ They argue that a large intrusion of immigrants can lead to ethnic conflicts such as the Cronulla riots in Australia and the civil unrest in France. The invasion theory, has however been questioned by several scholars. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the cultural and historical concept.

For other uses of "Arya" and "Aryan", see Aryan disambiguation. Peoples and societies. Religion and mythology. Indo-European studies. Scholars Marija Gimbutas J. Main traditions.

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Vaishnavism Shaivism Shaktism Smartism. Rites of passage. Philosophical schools. Gurus, saints, philosophers. Other texts. Text classification. Other topics. Main article: Arya Buddhism.

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Mallory and Douglas Q. It is also the source of the country-name Iran , from a phrase meaning 'kingdom of the Aryans'.

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Its history starts with the ancient Indo-Iranians , peoples who inhabited parts of what are now Iran , Afghanistan , Pakistan and India. For a summary of the etymological problems involved, see Siegert — If this is seen from the point of view of the religious poets of the RigVedic hymns, an 'Aryan' was then a person who held the same religious convictions as the poet himself. This idea can then also be found in Iranian texts. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.

Gautam ed. India through the ages. Gershevitch, Ilya Handbuch der Orientalistik, Literatur I. Leiden: Brill. The term "Atlantis" is mentioned two times in the whole book, the term "Atlantis-hypothesis" is mentioned just once. Rosenberg page 24 : " It seems to be not completely impossible, that at parts where today the waves of the Atlantic ocean murmur and icebergs move along, once a blossoming land towered in the water, on which a creative race founded a great culture and sent its children as seafarers and warriors into the world; but if this Atlantis-hypothesis proves untenable, we still have to presume a prehistoric Nordic cultural center.

It must be clearly understood that blondness of hair and of eye is not a final test of Nordic race. The Nordics include all the blonds, and also those of darker hair or eye when possessed of a preponderance of other Nordic characters. In this sense the word "blond" means those lighter shades of hair or eye color in contrast to the very dark or black shades which are termed brunet.

The meaning of "blond" as now used is therefore not limited to the lighter or flaxen shades as in colloquial speech. In England among Nordic populations there are large numbers of individuals with hazel brown eyes joined with the light brown or chestnut hair which is the typical hair shade of the English and Americans.

This combination is also common in Holland and Westphalia and is frequently associated with a very fair skin. These men are all of "blond" aspect and constitution and consequently are to be classed as members of the Nordic race. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

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    Pausata, K. Staubwasser M. MacDonald G. Singh G. B Biol. Swain A. Enzel Y. Schug G. Sarkar A. Fleitmann D. Madella M. Kathayat G. Cheng H. Nature , — Haug G. Wang Y. Haas J. Holocene 8 , — Matthews J. Holocene 18 , — Wang T. Climate Dynam. Schiemann R.

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    Climate 22 , — Chiang J. Meller, H. Arz, R. Jung, R. Risch, BC: A climatic breakdown as a cause for the collapse of the old world? Weiss H. Cullen H. Geology 28 , — Marshall M. Global Planet. Change 78 , — Tripathi J. Geochemical constraints. India 87 , — Phadtare N. Osada, Ed. Manohar Publishers, A Comprehensive History of India , K. Sastri, Ed. Orient Longmans, , vol.

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    The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization) The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization)
    The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization) The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization)
    The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization) The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization)
    The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization) The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization)
    The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization) The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization)
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    The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization) The Aryans: Volume 7 (The History of Civilization)

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