This four-volume work, based on almnost 20 years of research, fills a distinct void in the history of Army units, especially those of the Organized Reserve now known as the US Army Reserve. Clay's comprehensive work details the history of every tactical organization from separate battalion to field army, as well as certain other major commands important to the Army in the s and s.
It also includes the varios units' change of station, commanding officers, accomplishments, and key events such as major maneuvers and, for National Guard units, active duty periods for state emergencies. Also included are the organizations' distinctive unit insignia, as well as maps showing command boundaries and charts illustrating the assortment of tables of organization germane to the organizations of the time.
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Add to Wishlist. Ships in 7 to 10 business days. Link Either by signing into your account or linking your membership details before your order is placed. Description Product Details Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book! Monash's Masterpiece. In Stock. Monash and Chauvel How Australia's two greatest generals changed t Harris took command of the division, leading it until 14 November.
On the latter date, the Advance Detachment of the division sailed from Hoboken, arriving at Brest on 7 October. The 56th Field Artillery Brigade sailed with the remaining infantry and trains between 14 and 28 October, and landed at Brest between 25 October and 9 November, except for the th Infantry, which landed in England on 24 October.
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The troops in England spent a brief period in rest camps, then moved to Brest through Cherbourg and Le Havre. Once in France, the 31st was planned to become the seventh depot division, a cadre formation responsible for processing replacements.
The division headquarters, the 61st and 62nd Brigades, the th Battalion, and th Train Headquarters and Military Police were skeletonized early in November. Most of its personnel were transferred to the 2nd Depot Division as replacements, except for a record cadre numbering 10 officers and men.
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After arriving at Camp Merritt on 20 December, they moved to Camp Gordon on 1 January , where the record cadre and 56th Brigade demobilized on 14 January. Elements of the division remained in France for several months longer, however. On 1 July it was reorganized, less the Arkansas units, and renamed the 31st Division, following the recommendations of a joint board of Regular and Guard officers, due to its allocation to states which raised the 31st Division in World War I.
Its headquarters was organized and Federally recognized on 15 October of that year, stationed at St.
Records of United States Regular Army Mobile Units, 1821-1942
Blanding of Florida. During the interwar period, the division was organized in accordance with a square organization similar to its World War I structure, although a separate headquarters for Special Troops Military Police, Signals, Ordnance, and Armor was created and medical and quartermaster regiments added.
During the interwar period, the division did not train together in most years, as separate summer camps were held for the units of each state. Florida units trained at Camp J. Clifford R.
The division staff, which included men from all four states, conducted joint summer training at Camp McClellan between and and and , Camp Beauregard in , Camp Foster in , and Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia , in addition to participation in multiple corps area and army command post exercises , including the September Third Army command post exercise at San Antonio.
On 4 March , the divisional headquarters was relocated to Bartow, Florida. Elements of the 31st were called up for state duty several times during the interwar period. Its Louisiana and Mississippi units were called up to provide emergency relief due to the Great Mississippi Flood of Florida units provided relief in response to the Miami hurricane , the Okeechobee hurricane , and the Labor Day hurricane. They also helped to enforce the — Mediterranean fruit fly quarantine.
Guerre during his tenure in that position, which lasted until 30 January Between 17 and 23 December , the division staff conducted supplementary winter training at Jackson Barracks to prepare for the upcoming Louisiana Maneuvers.
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Persons , who led the division for most of the next four years. As a result of World War II , the division was mobilized along with the entire National Guard and inducted into Federal service on 25 November at home stations. Instead of being sent to Camp McClellan, the 31st went to Camp Blanding , arriving on 22 December to discover that it was still under construction.
The 31st Infantry Division arrived in Oro Bay , New Guinea , 24 April , and engaged in amphibious training prior to entering combat. During the war, at various times its units included the th Infantry Regiment , the th Infantry Regiment from Mississippi, the th Infantry Regiment, and the th Infantry Regiment. The unit was sent to England and then to Oran, Algiers where they were redesignated the nd Infantry Battalion and assigned military police duties due to the large number of French speaking members in the unit. Portions of the unit participated in the D-Day landings with the entire unit being reunited on 24 June
Related The Arms: Major Commands and Infantry Organizations (U.S. Army Order of Battle 1919–1941)
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