Крокозябры (Russian Edition)


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Already on GitHub? Sign in to your account. Git Release Notes Git ShowGitCommandLine ; process. Normal; process. StartInfo ; process. GetEncoding System. GetString output ;. Git internally represents file paths as sequecne of bytes. After msysgit version with support of unicode was introduced, file paths containing non ASCII characters are now different file paths for git. So what you offer? Maybe we can add i18n.

That encoding used and for file path. Whole repository has to be rewritten. Files alredy added to repo are stored as bytes representing chars in win New files are seen as UTF8 bytes sequence and in that way they will be sotred by git. You would have to tell git to work with win encoding as default.

I don't know if it is possible. I tried to force old git version to work with utf8 but with no success since Process input encoding is readonly, and I didn't find a way to change it. For the same reason I doubt that we could do some workaround now. Russian characters from old repository was displayed correctly. Yes, I know that, because they are sequence of bytes representing chars in win But you can see that new files now are incorrect, becaues they are sequence of bytes representing UTF8 chars.

An estimated 1. Therefore, these languages experienced fewer encoding incompatibility troubles than Russian. In the s, Bulgarian computers used their own MIK encoding , which is superficially similar to although incompatible with CP Polish companies selling early DOS computers created their own mutually-incompatible ways to encode Polish characters and simply reprogrammed the EPROMs of the video cards typically CGA , EGA , or Hercules to provide hardware code pages with the needed glyphs for Polish—arbitrarily located without reference to where other computer sellers had placed them.

The situation began to improve when, after pressure from academic and user groups, ISO succeeded as the "Internet standard" with limited support of the dominant vendors' software today largely replaced by Unicode. With the numerous problems caused by the variety of encodings, even today some users tend to refer to Polish diacritical characters as krzaczki [kshach-kih], lit. Although Mojibake can occur with any of these characters, the letters that are not included in Windows are much more prone to errors.

All of these replacements introduce ambiguities, so reconstructing the original from such a form is usually done manually if required. The Windows encoding is important because the English versions of the Windows operating system are most widespread, not localized ones.


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The drive to differentiate Croatian from Serbian, Bosnian from Croatian and Serbian, and now even Montenegrin from the other three creates many problems. There are many different localizations, using different standards and of different quality. There are no common translations for the vast amount of computer terminology originating in English. In the end, people use adopted English words "kompjuter" for "computer", "kompajlirati" for "compile," etc. Therefore, people who understand English, as well as those who are accustomed to English terminology who are most, because English terminology is also mostly taught in schools because of these problems regularly choose the original English versions of non-specialist software.

When Cyrillic script is used for Macedonian and partially Serbian , the problem is similar to other Cyrillic-based scripts. Newer versions of English Windows allow the ANSI codepage to be changed older versions require special English versions with this support , but this setting can be and often was incorrectly set.


  1. junk characters?
  2. Out of the Blue.
  3. ïîääåðæêà ðóññêîãî ÿçûêà -- karakuli vmesto russkogo | Hardware Heaven Forums.
  4. The Last Christmas of Mrs. Claus;
  5. The Vikings Witch.
  6. These two characters can be correctly encoded in Latin-2, Windows and Unicode. The additional characters are typically the ones that become corrupted, making texts only mildly unreadable with mojibake:. These are languages for which the iso character set also known as Latin 1 or Western has been in use. However, iso has been obsoleted by two competing standards, the backward compatible windows , and the slightly altered iso However, with the advent of UTF-8 , mojibake has become more common in certain scenarios, e.

    But UTF-8 has the ability to be directly recognised by a simple algorithm, so that well written software should be able to avoid mixing UTF-8 up with other encodings, so this was most common when many had software not supporting UTF In Swedish, Norwegian, Danish and German, vowels are rarely repeated, and it is usually obvious when one character gets corrupted, e. The latter practice seems to be better tolerated in the German language sphere than in the Nordic countries. For example, in Norwegian, digraphs are associated with archaic Danish, and may be used jokingly.

    However, digraphs are useful in communication with other parts of the world. The writing systems of certain languages of the Caucasus region, including the scripts of Georgian and Armenian , may produce mojibake. ArmSCII is not widely used because of a lack of support in the computer industry. For example, Microsoft Windows does not support it. Another type of mojibake occurs when text is erroneously parsed in a multi-byte encoding, such as one of the encodings for East Asian languages. With this kind of mojibake more than one typically two characters are corrupted at once, e.

    Since two letters are combined, the mojibake also seems more random over 50 variants compared to the normal three, not counting the rarer capitals. In some rare cases, an entire text string which happens to include a pattern of particular word lengths, such as the sentence " Bush hid the facts ", may be misinterpreted.

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    It is a particular problem in Japan due to the numerous different encodings that exist for Japanese text. Mojibake, as well as being encountered by Japanese users, is also often encountered by non-Japanese when attempting to run software written for the Japanese market. When this occurs, it is often possible to fix the issue by switching the character encoding without loss of data.

    The situation is complicated because of the existence of several Chinese character encoding systems in use, the most common ones being: Unicode , Big5 , and Guobiao with several backward compatible versions , and the possibility of Chinese characters being encoded using Japanese encoding. An additional problem is caused when encodings are missing characters, which is common with rare or antiquated characters that are still used in personal or place names. Newspapers have dealt with this problem in various ways, including using software to combine two existing, similar characters; using a picture of the personality; or simply substituting a homophone for the rare character in the hope that the reader would be able to make the correct inference.

    A similar effect can occur in Brahmic or Indic scripts of South Asia , used in such Indo-Aryan or Indic languages as Hindustani Hindi-Urdu , Bengali , Punjabi , Marathi , and others, even if the character set employed is properly recognized by the application. This is because, in many Indic scripts, the rules by which individual letter symbols combine to create symbols for syllables may not be properly understood by a computer missing the appropriate software, even if the glyphs for the individual letter forms are available.

    A particularly notable example of this is the old Wikipedia logo , which attempts to show the character analogous to "wi" the first syllable of "Wikipedia" on each of many puzzle pieces. The puzzle piece meant to bear the Devanagari character for "wi" instead used to display the "wa" character followed by an unpaired "i" modifier vowel, easily recognizable as mojibake generated by a computer not configured to display Indic text.

    The idea of Plain Text requires the operating system to provide a font to display Unicode codes. This font is different from OS to OS for Singhala and it makes orthographically incorrect glyphs for some letters syllables across all operating systems.

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    For instance, the 'reph', the short form for 'r' is a diacritic that normally goes on top of a plain letter. However, it is wrong to go on top of some letters like 'ya' or 'la' but it happens in all operating systems. This appears to be a fault of internal programming of the fonts. In certain writing systems of Africa , unencoded text is unreadable. Texts that may produce mojibake include those from the Horn of Africa such as the Ge'ez script in Ethiopia and Eritrea , used for Amharic , Tigre , and other languages, and the Somali language , which employs the Osmanya alphabet.

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    In Southern Africa , the Mwangwego alphabet is used to write languages of Malawi and the Mandombe alphabet was created for the Democratic Republic of the Congo , but these are not generally supported. Various other writing systems native to West Africa present similar problems, such as the N'Ko alphabet , used for Manding languages in Guinea , and the Vai syllabary , used in Liberia.

    Another affected language is Arabic see below. The text becomes unreadable when the encodings do not match. The examples in this article do not have UTF-8 as browser setting, because UTF-8 is easily recognisable, so if a browser supports UTF-8 it should recognise it automatically, and not try to interpret something else as UTF While failure to apply this transformation is a vulnerability see cross-site scripting , applying it too many times results in garbling of these characters.

    Some people may receive short unreadable Chinese text messages whereas the sender never sent any. Despite it may look like an hacking attempt, it's just a delivery confirmation coded with the wrong format. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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    Garbled text as a result of incorrect character encoding. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: full of spam Please help improve this article if you can. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Japanese language and computers. IEEE Spectrum. Ars Technica.

    Retrieved 5 October Retrieved June 18, Retrieved June 19, Archived from the original on Conversion map between Code page and Unicode. The New York Times. Retrieved July 17,

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