Apud Umbra et Lux (Spanish Edition)

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1. The Context of ‘Exterior homo’

Let wrath veto nothing. Link 40 Let brother fear brother, parent fear son. Let husband be menaced. Link 44 Spilt blood water every land, and triumphant. Link 46 Let brother's lechery be the lightest thing. Link 47 In an impious house. Let right and trust. Why do stars glitter in the sky. Link 50 And their flames duly ornament the world?

Link 51 Let night mutate and day tumble from heaven. Link 52 Confound this house, summon hate, murder, death,. Link 55 Joyously with laurel and fires glow bright. Link 56 Fit for your coming. Let Thracian sin be done. Link 58 Does Thyestes not yet sob for his sons? Let the cauldrons foam. Link 60 On fires beneath, dismembered limbs bobble.

Link 61 In bits, blood pollute the ancestral hearth. Link 62 Let the feast be served. You'll dine on evil. Today we have freed you. Link 64 And unleashed your hunger for this meal. Link 65 Fill your famine. Let blood blended with Bacchus. Link 66 Be drunk as you watch. I've found a banquet. Link 67 Even you would shun. To the swamps and streams and shrinking waters.

Link 69 And the laden tree's flight from my very lips. Link 73 Phlegethon, girdled by a sea of fire. Link 78 Of ravenous lions and the dire ranks. Link 79 Of Furies, who fend off thrusting torches. Link 80 From half-charred flesh, heed the voice of Tantalus. Believe me—for I know:. First wreak havoc in this house. Strike their beast-hearts. Link 86 With mad turmoil. I should suffer punishment,. Link 87 Not be punishment. Am I sent like dire vapour. Link 88 From the ruptured earth or some plague—to spread. Shall grandsire. Link 90 Lead grandsons to heinous horror? Great sire of gods.

Link 92 Be cruelly damned and tortured, I shall not. I warn you—do not stain your hands. I'll stand and stop the crime. Why rouse the hunger. Link 98 Fixed deep in my marrow? Scorching thirst burns. Link I follow. Link fury. This, this fury—split it for the whole house. Link Just so, so, let them whirl and hate and thirst. The whole house felt. Link It's been played supremely. Already sad earth. Link Protests your step. See how water draws back. Link And leaves the springs, how river beds empty. Link And a fiery wind drives the sparse clouds? Link Every tree pales, and branches stand naked.

Link As the fruit takes flight. And the Isthmus,. Link Splitting the close shoals with its narrow strip,. Link Now Lerna has receded, the veins. Link Of Phoroneus are hidden, Alpheus bears. Link No sacred waters, Cithaeron's ridges. Link Look! Even Titan hesitates to bid daylight. Link If any god loves Achaean Argos And the chariot-famed homes of Pisa, Link If any loves Isthmian Corinth's realm, Its twin harbours and dissident sea, If any Taygetus' far-seen snows Link Amassed by Sarmatian Boreas pg 13 Link On soaring winter peaks, then melting Link To summer Etesians, guide of sails, Any touched by limpid Alpheus' cool Link Stream, renowned for Olympic races, Let him turn here his gentle godhead And stop the cyclic tides of evil, Link Baser grandson succeeding grandsire, The young besting their elders in sin.

Link Tired at last, dry Tantalus' impious Link Race must strip off its beast-impulses. Right had no value Link Nor did common sin. Myrtilus fell, Link His own master's betrayer betrayed; Borne as loyally as he conveyed, He renamed ocean to its 'fame'. No Tale's more known to Ionian ships.

Link A tiny son ran to father's kiss Link To be welcomed with impious sword. Link He fell at the hearth a premature Victim, sliced by your hand, Tantalus, Link To furnish a meal for divine guests. The feral feast could Link Not have claimed a fitter punishment. Link Tired Tantalus stands with empty gullet. Link Looming on each side with laden leaves, Curving and quivering with its fruits, Link The tree plays with the yawning hole.

Link Then the whole orchard flaunts and dangles Link Its riches, the mellow fruit taunt him From above with their languid leafage Link And fire his hunger, which bids futile Hands to act. When he shoots out his hands pg 15 Link And yields to the trick, the whole harvest Link Is snatched aloft with the mobile grove. He stands demented, catching Link At close waves with his mouth.

The fleeing Link Water diverts the waves and, dwindling Link To barren pool, leaves his vain pursuit. Exeunt stage left. The time is the same. The scene is inside the royal palace. Enter atreus , costumed as a king and probably wearing a sword. He is attended by a courtier. To himself Gutless, spineless, impotent fool, and to me. Link A tyrant's greatest flaw in high affairs. Link Unrevenged—after countless crimes, brother's treachery,. Link All right ruptured, do you whine away playing.

Link Atreus the Angry? Now the whole world. Link Should have roared with your armies and twin seas. Link Each churned with ships. By now field and city. Let the whole Argive land. Link Thunder with my horsemen, no forest hide. Link Let the whole people abandon Mycenae. All who shield and shelter. Link Let the mighty house of famed Pelops fall. I must dare some horror,. Link To be his. You do not avenge crimes. Link Unless you top them.

What can be so savage. Is he lying low? I know the man's nature—. Link Intractable. He cannot bend—he can break. Link So, before he grows strong or marshals forces,. Link I must attack lest he attack me off guard. The crime lies in the open—. Link Waiting for the first hand. It's power's greatest gift. Link As well as praise their master's deeds. Those whom fear. Link He who seeks the glory of true acclaim.

The base often receive true praise, none but. Link The mighty false. Let men want what they do not. Let kings want what's right: all will want the same. Where masters are allowed only what's right,. Where there is no shame,. Link No care for law, no sanctity, piety, trust,. Link Power is unstable. Sanctity, piety, trust.

Link Are private goods. Kings may go where they please. Think it wrong to harm even a bad brother. What's wrong for a brother is right for him. He took my wife by lechery,. Link My throne by theft.

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By fraud he filched our ancient. Link A magic ram, leader of the rich flock. Link All along its body there hangs a fleece. Link Tantalid kings have their sceptres gilded. Our glorious house,. The sacred beast. Link Grazes safely in remote fields, where a wall. Link My wife defiled, my power untrusted,. Nothing is sure. Link But my brother's hate. To himself Why gape like this? Link At last, stir your spirit.

Look on Tantalus. Link And Pelops. Their examples mould my hands. Link To courtier Tell me how I should slay this dire man. Let him die by the sword spewing hateful breath. You speak of punishment's end. I want—punishment. Link A kind tyrant would kill. In my kingdom. No family piety? Leave now, Piety, if thou didst ever dwell. Link In our house. Come, dire horde of Furies,.

Link And feuding Erinys and Megaera,. Link Shaking twin torches. My heart does not burn. Link With fury great enough. My joy's to be filled. What mad new plot is this? Nothing in the limits of common pain. Too little. What of fire? Still too little. What weapon, then, will be used for such pain? Thyestes himself. That's evil beyond wrath. I admit it. A frenzied turmoil shakes. I'm swept I don't know. Link Where—but I'm swept. Link The clear day thunders, the whole palace cracked. Link Their gaze. Let it be done, be done—this sin.

What do you plan to do? My mind swells with something greater, larger. Link Than the norm, beyond bounds of human custom;. Link It prompts my idle hands. I don't know what it is,. Link It's a thing sublime. So be it. Seize it, soul! Link It's a deed fit for Thyestes, fit for Atreus—. Link For each to perform. The Odrysian house saw. Link An unspeakable feast—a huge crime, I admit,. My pain must find something. Link Greater. Inspire my mind, Daulian mother. Stand by. Let father mangle sons. Link It's good, it's supreme.

This mode of vengeance. Link Where is he? Why has Atreus. Link Stayed pure so long? The whole image of carnage. Link Now strays before my eyes: childlessness crammed. Link In a father's mouth. Soul, why take fright again. It must be dared, do it. What tricks will draw. He thinks the world. He couldn't be taken unless he aimed.

He hopes for my kingdom still. Link In this hope he'll meet Jove's menacing bolt,. Who'll assure the peace? Vile hope trusts all. Link Argos as joint master. If an obdurate. Link His raw sons, tired of pain and hardship. Link And easily taken. On one side the old power-lust,. Link On the other grim want and hard labour. Link Will force the man, though numbed by great affliction. Now time has rendered his hardships easy.

You are wrong. The sense of pain grows daily. Link Suffering is easy, suffering long is hard. Pick other agents for this grim purpose. Link atreus. Young men are open to worse instruction. You teach them to treat father like uncle. Link Crimes often rebound on their teacher. Though none teach them the ways of fraud and crime,. Afraid they'll become evil? Link They are born so. What you call savage, cruel,. Will your sons know. Link The trap you set? Discrete silence isn't found. They may reveal the trick. Will you then deceive your very agents.

Link Of deceit? Link In my crime? Let my feud unfold through me. Link To himself You're playing it badly; you baulk, soul. Let Agamemnon. Let this crime. If they spurn war. Link And reject the feud, if they call him uncle,. Link He is their father. But the face. The large business they serve. To courtier You keep our plans concealed. I need no admonition. Trust and fear. Link Will lock them in my heart, but mainly—trust. Link At last the noble court, Inachus' ancient line, Has settled brothers' threats.

Link What fury rouses you To spill your blood in turn Link And seize sceptres with sin? Link Your palace-lust ignores The place where kingship lies. Link No wealth creates a king, No dye of Tyrian robes, No mark of kingly brow, No gleaming beams of gold. Link A king is he who laid fear Aside and dire heart's lust. Link The kings may assemble Link Who rouse the errant Dahae, Who control the red coast Shoals and sea far-bloodied Link By bright gems, who unlock The Caspian ridges For brave Sarmatians— Link Kings may contend who dare Link Walk the Danube's waters, And wherever they lie The Seres famed for silk— Good mind holds the throne.

Link Fill me with sweet repose, Link Tucked in a place obscure, Enjoying gentle ease. Link Let my life flow silent, Link Known to no Quirites. Link Death lies heavy on one Link Who, known too much to all, Link Dies unknown to himself. The chorus remain onstage stage left. The time is later: perhaps about midday.

The scene is before the royal palace. Enter thyestes alone from stage right. His appearance is ragged, his hair matted and foul. At he is joined by his three sons , tantalus, plisthenes , and an unnamed son. Aside Things I've longed for—roofs of my fatherland,. Link If gods exist —I see the Cyclopian. Link But surely Atreus, too. Re-seek your forest. Link With beasts—and like theirs. The bright gleam of power. Link Should not blind your eyes with its false glitter.

Link When you view a gift, look at the giver, too. Link To fear. My mind falters; it wants to drive.

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My steps move—reluctant. Link tantalus. What is this? Our sire moves slowly, gaping,. Link And turns his face, locked in uncertainty. Link thyestes. Aside Why hesitate, soul? Why this long torture. Link Over such a simple choice? Do you trust. Misery is now your joy. Link Turn back while you can; tear yourself away.

What cause, sire, makes you recoil from the sight. Why refuse the great wealth. Link In your lap? Your brother returns—anger cast off—. Link Returns, too, a share of the realm, sets the limbs. Link Of a mangled house and restores you to yourself. You ask the cause of my fear: I don't know. Link I mean to proceed, but my knees are weak,. Link Like a ship, driven by oar and sail, borne. Master what obstructs and impedes your mind. Link Father, you can be king. Since I can die. The highest power is—. None, if you desire none. You'll leave it to your sons. No throne has room for two. One who can be happy prefers misery?

Believe me, false titles give greatness charm,. Link Fear of poverty's groundless.

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While I stood high,. O, how good it is. No crime enters the hovel,. I say for I know :. Link No guard protects my sleep. I have no fleet. Link The relentless belly, no fields laid out. Link Beyond the Getae and the Parthians. No planted. Link Stoked by many hands. Day is not given. Link To sleep nor night conjoined with Bacchic vigil. Link Great kingship is power to cope without kingship.

Power should not be refused if god grants it,. Your brother begs you to be king. That makes one fear. Treachery's hereabouts. Family piety often returns where it left. Link Just love regains the strength it has lost. My brother love Thyestes? Sooner ocean. Link The earth. Sooner will water join fire,.

The Optics of Giambattista Della Porta ca. Front Matter Pages i-v. Pages Conclusion: A Reassessment. Early modern optics History of lenses and mirrors Natural magic Illustrations and experiments Giambattista Della Porta. Editors and affiliations. Buy options. Not to be confused with ab absurdo "from the absurd". In legal language, used when providing additional evidence to an already sufficient collection. Also used commonly, as an equivalent of "as if this wasn't enough".

Or, "a rough road leads to the stars", as on the Launch Complex 34 memorial plaque for the astronauts of Apollo 1 ; motto of the State of Kansas and other organisations. To appeal to the masses. Often said of or used by politicians. An argumentum ad captandum is an argument designed to please the crowd.

Formal letter or communication in the Christian tradition from a bishop to his clergy. An "ad clerum" may be an encouragement in a time of celebration or a technical explanation of new regulations or canons. A long time ago; from Gaius Lucilius , Satires , 6, An ad eundem degree , from the Latin ad eundem gradum "to the same step" or "to the same degree" , is a courtesy degree awarded by a university or college to an alumnus of another.

It is not an honorary degree but a recognition of the formal learning for which the degree was earned at another college. Motto of Renaissance humanism and the Protestant Reformation. Said during a generic toast ; equivalent to "bottoms up! Generally means "for this", in the sense of improvised or intended only for a specific, immediate purpose. Or, "at the man".

Typically used in argumentum ad hominem , a logical fallacy consisting of criticizing a person when the subject of debate is the person's ideas or argument, on the mistaken assumption that the soundness of an argument is dependent on the qualities of the proponent. Enduring forever. Used to designate a property which repeats in all cases in mathematical proof.

Also used in philosophical contexts to mean "repeating in all cases". The Calends were specific days of the Roman calendar , not of the Greek , and so the "Greek Kalends" would never occur. Similar to " when pigs fly ". Loosely, "according to what pleases" or "as you wish"; libitum comes from the past participle of libere , "to please". It typically indicates in music and theatrical scripts that the performer has the liberty to change or omit something. Ad lib is specifically often used when someone improvises or ignores limitations. Also used by some restaurants in favor of the colloquial "all you can eat or drink".

Legal phrase referring to a party appointed by a court to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party who is deemed incapable of representing himself. An individual who acts in this capacity is called a guardian ad litem.

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Used to suggest looking for information about a term in the corresponding place in a cited work of reference. Motto of the Society of Jesus Jesuits. Or, "to the point of disgust". Sometimes used as a humorous alternative to ad infinitum. An argumentum ad nauseam is a logical fallacy whose erroneous proof is proffered by prolonged repetition of the argument, i. Thus, "exactly as it is written"; similar to the phrase "to the letter", meaning "to the last detail".

Generally precedes "of" and a person's name, and is used to wish for someone to be remembered long after death. More loosely, "considering everything's weight". The abbreviation was historically used by physicians and others to signify that the last prescribed ingredient is to weigh as much as all of the previously mentioned ones.

Meaning "according to the harm" or "in proportion to the harm". The phrase is used in tort law as a measure of damages inflicted, implying that a remedy , if one exists, ought to correspond specifically and only to the damage suffered cf. Loosely "subject to reference": provisionally approved, but still needing official approval. Not the same as a referendum. Motto of the Brazilian Marine Corps. Motto of the Association of Trust Schools. Legal phrase for a writ of entry ad terminum qui praeteriit "for the term which has passed". Said of a work that has been expurgated of offensive or improper parts.

Also rarely "in usum Delphini" "into the use of the Dauphin ". Used in commerce to refer to ad valorem taxes , i. One of the classic definitions of "truth". When the mind has the same form as reality, we think truth. Also found as adaequatio rei et intellectus. Phrase used in epistemology regarding the nature of understanding. Someone who, in the face of a specific argument, voices an argument that he does not necessarily accept, for the sake of argument and discovering the truth by testing the opponent's argument.

Confer the term "arguendo". Horace , Ars Poetica , 7. Loosely, "troubled dreams". Often abbreviated to "aetat. Appears on portraits, gravestones, monuments, et cetera. Sometimes shortened to aetatis , aetat. Frequently combined with Anno Domini , giving a date as both the theoretical age of Jesus Christ and the age of the decedent; e. Legal phrase; Cicero , De Finibus , 4. Legal term from "fides" "faith" , originating at least from Medieval Latin to denote a statement under oath.

Loosely, "even more so" or "with even stronger reason". Often used to lead from a less certain proposition to a more evident corollary. More often translated as "do well whatever you do". Literally translated, it means "do what you do"; figuratively it means "keep going, because you are inspired or dedicated to do so". This is the motto of several Roman Catholic schools. It was also used by Pope John XXIII in the sense of "do not be concerned with any other matter than the task in hand"; he was allaying worry of what would become of him in the future: his sense of "age quod agis" was "joy" regarding what is presently occurring and "detachment" from concern of the future.

Metaphysical and moral principle that indicates the connection of ontology , obligation , and ethics. Latin translation from John 1: 36, when St. John the Baptist exclaimed "Ecce Agnus Dei! The original meaning was similar to "the game is afoot", but its modern meaning, like that of the phrase " crossing the Rubicon ", denotes passing the point of no return on a momentous decision and entering into a risky endeavor where the outcome is left to chance. An assumed name or pseudonym ; similar to alter ego , but more specifically referring to a name, not to a "second self".

Legal defense where a defendant attempts to show that he was elsewhere at the time a crime was committed. His alibi is sound; he gave evidence that he was in another city on the night of the murder. Quotation from Isaiah , "But those who wait for the Lord shall find their strength renewed, they shall mount up on wings like eagles, they shall run and not grow weary, they shall walk and not grow faint. Or, "nothing is heavy to those who have wings". Motto of the State of Oregon , adopted in ; it replaced the previous state motto of "The Union", which was adopted in Term used for the university one attends or has attended.

Another university term, matriculation , is also derived from mater. The term suggests that the students are "fed" knowledge and taken care of by the university. The term is also used for a university's traditional school anthem. Another self, a second persona or alias. Can be used to describe different facets or identities of a single character, or different characters who seem representations of the same personality. Often used of a fictional character 's secret identity. Motto of Paracelsus. Usually attributed to Cicero. One of Justinian I 's three basic legal precepts.

Graduate or former student of a school, college, or university. Plural of alumnus is alumni male. Plural of alumna is alumnae female. This translation ignores the word usque, which is an emphasis word, so a better translation is probably from sea even unto sea. From Psalm , " Et dominabitur a mari usque ad mare, et a flumine usque ad terminos terrae " KJV : "He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth".

National motto of Canada. Ennius , as quoted by Cicero in Laelius de Amicitia s. An adviser, or a person who can obtain or grant access to the favour of a powerful group, e. In current United States legal usage, an amicus curiae is a third party allowed to submit a legal opinion in the form of an amicus brief to the court. Amicus Plato, sed magis amica veritas. An obsolete legal phrase signifying the forfeiture of the right of swearing in any court or cause, or to become infamous. Nietzscheian alternative world view to that represented by memento mori "remember you must die" : Nietzsche believed "amor fati" was more affirmative of life.

Virgil , Georgics , 3. Inscribed on a bracelet worn by the Prioress in Chaucer 's The Canterbury Tales ; originally from Virgil , Eclogues , 10, 69 : omnia vincit amor: et nos cedamus amori "love conquers all: let us too surrender to love". Said by Axel Oxenstierna to encourage his son, a delegate to the negotiations that would lead to the Peace of Westphalia , who worried about his ability to hold his own amidst experienced and eminent statesmen and diplomats. Used before the anglicized version of a word or name. For example, "Terra Mariae, anglice , Maryland".

Also used in such phrases as anno urbis conditae see ab urbe condita , Anno Domini , and anno regni. Abbreviated from Anno Domini Nostri Iesu Christi "in the year of Our Lord Jesus Christ" , the predominantly used system for dating years across the world; used with the Gregorian Calendar and based on the perceived year of the birth of Jesus Christ. The years before His birth were formerly signified by a.

Or, "he approves our undertakings". Motto on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States and, consequently, on the reverse of the United States one-dollar bill ; in this context the motto refers to God. Variation on annus mirabilis , recorded in print from ; [4] notably used in a speech by Queen Elizabeth II to describe what a bad year had been for her. In Classical Latin , this phrase actually means "terrifying year". See also annus terribilis. Used particularly to refer to the years and , during which Isaac Newton made revolutionary inventions and discoveries in calculus, motion, optics and gravitation.

Annus Mirabilis is also the title of a poem by John Dryden written in the same year. It has since been used to refer to other years, especially to , when Albert Einstein made equally revolutionary discoveries concerning the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, mass-energy equivalence, and the special theory of relativity.

See Annus Mirabilis papers. Used to describe , the year the Black Death began to afflict Europe. As in status quo ante bellum "as it was before the war" ; commonly used in the Southern United States as antebellum to refer to the period preceding the American Civil War. Medical shorthand for "before meals". Motto of the Christian Brothers College, Adelaide. Said of an expression or term that describes something which existed before the phrase itself was introduced or became common.

Example: Alan Turing was a computer scientist ante litteram , since the field of " computer science " was not yet recognized in Turing's day. Used on pharmaceutical prescriptions to denote "before a meal". Less common is post prandium "after lunch". Or, "completely"; similar to the English expressions "from tip to toe" and "from head to toe". Equally a capite ad calcem. See also ab ovo usque ad mala.

Also appears on a plaque at Kinshasa train station. Based on observation, i. Used in mathematics and logic to denote something that is known after a proof has been carried out. In philosophy, used to denote something known from experience. Textual notes or a list of other readings relating to a document, especially in a scholarly edition of a text. Presupposed independent of experience; the reverse of a posteriori. Used in mathematics and logic to denote something that is known or postulated before a proof has been carried out.

In philosophy, used to denote something is supposed without empirical evidence. In everyday speech, it denotes something occurring or being known before the event. Refers to a mixture of hydrochloric acid and nitric acid , thus called because of its ability to dissolve gold. Used to refer to various native distilled beverages , such as whisky uisge beatha in Scotland and Ireland, gin in the Netherlands, brandy eau de vie in France, and akvavit in Scandinavia.

Desiderius Erasmus , Adagia AD ; meaning "wasted labor". One who prescribes, rules on, or is a recognized authority on matters of social behavior and taste. Said of Petronius. Sometimes found in the singular as arbiter elegantiae "judge of taste". Originally used by Tacitus to refer to the state secrets and unaccountable acts of the Roman imperial government.

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Motto of the Starobrno Brewery in Brno. An opaque circle around the cornea of the eye, often seen in elderly people. Motto of Victoria University of Manchester. Also "silver coin"; mentioned in the Domesday Book ; signifies bullion or silver uncoined. Or, "for the sake of argument". Said when something is done purely in order to discuss a matter or illustrate a point. Or "reasoning", "inference", "appeal", or "proof".

The plural is argumenta. An aesthetic ideal that good art should appear natural rather than contrived. Of medieval origin, but often incorrectly attributed to Ovid. Translated into Latin from Baudelaire 's L'art pour l'art. Motto of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Seneca , De Brevitate Vitae , 1. The "art" referred to in the original aphorism was the craft of medicine, which took a lifetime to acquire. Motto of Blackburn Rovers F. Award of the Minister of Culture of the Czech Republic for the promotion of the positive reputation of Czech culture abroad.

Desiderius Erasmus , Adagia AD ; meaning "an awkward or incompetent individual". Refers to the insurance principle that the indemnity can not be larger than the loss. Refers to the distinction of free will from astrological determinism. Used in bibliography for books, texts, publications, or articles that have more than 3 collaborators. This formula appears in the Latin revised edition of Thomas Hobbes 's Leviathan , book 2, chapter 26, p. Cornelis Jol , [7] in a bid to rally his rebellious captains to fight and conquer the Spanish treasure fleet in Motto of Queensland , Australia.

From Virgil , Aeneid , Book 10, , where the first word is in the archaic form audentis. Allegedly the last words of Pliny the Elder before he left the docks at Pompeii to rescue people from the eruption of Vesuvius in Often quoted as audaces fortuna iuvat. Motto of Tottenham Hotspur F.

Legal principle; also worded as audiatur et altera pars "let the other side be heard also". From Horace 's Odes , 2, Refers to the ethical goal of reaching a virtuous middle ground between two sinful extremes. The golden mean concept is common to many philosophers, chiefly Aristotle. From Virgil , Aeneid , Book 3, Later quoted by Seneca as quod non mortalia pectora coges, auri sacra fames "what do not you force mortal hearts [to do], accursed hunger for gold". Common ancient proverb, this version from Terence. It indicates that one is in a dangerous situation where both holding on and letting go could be deadly.

A modern version is "to have a tiger by the tail". The Southern Lights, an aurora that appears in the Southern Hemisphere. It is less well-known than the Northern Lights aurorea borealis. The Aurora Australis is also the name of an Antarctic icebreaker ship. The Northern Lights, an aurora that appears in the Northern Hemisphere. Epigrammata disticha. Johannes Kinckius. Denotes an absolute aspiration to become the Emperor , or the equivalent supreme magistrate, and nothing else. More generally, "all or nothing".

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A personal motto of Cesare Borgia. Charles Chaplin also used the phrase in The Great Dictator to ridicule Hynkel's Chaplin's parody of Hitler ambition for power, but substituted "nullus" for "nihil". Name of episode 1 in season 3 of Berlin Station. Or, "do or die" or "no retreat". It refers to the practices that a Greek hoplite would drop his cumbersome shield in order to flee the battlefield, and a slain warrior would be borne home atop his shield.

Seneca the Younger , Epistulae morales ad Lucilium , From the full phrase: " necesse est aut imiteris aut oderis " "you must either imitate or loathe the world". Said of two situations that can only occur simultaneously: if one ends, so does the other, and vice versa. General pledge of victoria aut mors " victory or death ". Catullus , Carmen , addressed to his deceased brother. Anthem of Imperium Europa. Ave Imperator, morituri te salutant. A salute and plea for mercy recorded on one occasion by naumachiarii —captives and criminals fated to die fighting during mock naval encounters.

Later versions included a variant of "We who are about to die", and this translation is sometimes aided by changing the Latin to nos morituri te salutamus. Roman Catholic prayer of intercession asking St. Mary, the Mother of Jesus Christ to pray for the petitioner. Wise only in appearance. From Erasmus 's collection of Adages. Blessed Virgin Mary.

The genitive , Beatae Mariae Virginis BMV , occurs often as well, appearing with such words as horae hours , litaniae litanies and officium office. A Beatitude from Matthew in the Vulgate : beati pauperes spiritu, quoniam ipsorum est regnum caelorum "Blessed in spirit [are] the poor, for theirs is the kingdom of the heavens".

Inscription above the entrance to St. From Proverbs ; set to music in a motet of the same name by Orlando di Lasso. Bella, mulier qui hominum allicit et accipit eos per fortis. Latin proverb [ citation needed ]. Originally from Ovid , Heroides She begs him to stay out of danger, but he was in fact the first Greek to die at Troy. Also used of the Habsburg marriages of and , written as bella gerant alii, tu felix Austria nube let others wage war; you, happy Austria, marry.

Said by King Matthias. A phrase used by Thomas Hobbes to describe the state of nature.

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Biblia pauperum. A play on " cogito ergo sum ", "I think therefore I am". Medical shorthand for "twice a day". In other words, "well-intentioned", "fairly". In modern contexts, often has connotations of "genuinely" or "sincerely".

Bona fides is not the plural which would be bonis fidebus , but the nominative , and means simply "good faith". Opposite of mala fide. In law, if a person dying has goods, or good debts, in another diocese or jurisdiction within that province, besides his goods in the diocese where he dies, amounting to a certain minimum value, he is said to have bona notabilia ; in which case, the probat of his will belongs to the archbishop of that province. A jury or assize of countrymen, or good neighbors. United Kingdom legal term for ownerless property that passes to The Crown.

Tiberius reportedly said this to his regional commanders, as a warning against taxing the populace excessively. Or "general welfare". Refers to what benefits a society, as opposed to bonum commune hominis , which refers to what is good for an individual. In the film Hot Fuzz , this phrase is chanted by an assembled group of people, in which context it is deliberately similar to another phrase that is repeated throughout the film, which is The Greater Good.

Refers to an individual's happiness, which is not "common" in that it serves everyone, but in that individuals tend to be able to find happiness in similar things. John of Cornwall ca. It turns out that the original text said in diebus illis magnis plenae in those days there were plenty of great things , which the scribe misread as indie busillis magnis plenae in India there were plenty of large busillis.

See hypergraphia. Used by the Romans to describe the aftermath of the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains. Caedite eos. Novit enim Dominus qui sunt eius. Caelum non animum mutant qui trans mare currunt. Hexameter by Horace Epistula XI. Political power is limited; it does not include power over grammar. The pen is mightier than the sword. An optical device used in drawing, and an ancestor of modern photography. The source of the word camera.

Perfectly correct Latin sentence usually reported as funny from modern Italians because the same exact words, in today's dialect of Rome, mean "A black dog eats a beautiful peach" , which has a ridiculously different meaning. So aggrandized as to be beyond practical earthly reach or understanding from Virgil 's Aeneid and the shorter form appears in John Locke 's Two Treatises of Government. Originally an alchemical reference to the dead head or worthless residue left over from a reaction.

Also used to refer to a freeloader or worthless element. It implies a command to love as Christ loved. Motto of St. Caritas in Veritate. Pope Benedict XVI 's third encyclical. An exhortation to live for today. From Horace , Odes I, Carpere refers to plucking of flowers or fruit. The phrase collige virgo rosas has a similar sense. An exhortation to make good use of the night, often used when carpe diem , q.

Carthago delenda est. The Roman senator Cato the Elder ended every speech after the Second Punic War with ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam , literally "For the rest, I am of the opinion that Carthage is to be destroyed. Spoken aloud in some British public schools by pupils to warn each other of impending authority.

Earliest written example is in the Satyricon of Petronius, circa 1st century C. The purchaser is responsible for checking whether the goods suit his need. Phrases modeled on this one replace emptor with lector , subscriptor , venditor , utilitor : "reader", "signer", "seller", "user".

The Optics of Giambattista Della Porta (ca. 1535–1615): A Reassessment

It is a counter to caveat emptor and suggests that sellers can also be deceived in a market transaction. This forces the seller to take responsibility for the product and discourages sellers from selling products of unreasonable quality. Former motto of the Territory of Wyoming. See also Toga. Or simply "faster than cooking asparagus". A variant of the Roman phrase velocius quam asparagi coquantur , using a different adverb and an alternative mood and spelling of coquere. In law, it is a return made by the sheriff, upon a capias , or other process to the like purpose; signifying, that he has taken the body of the party.

See also habeas corpus. A rule of law becomes ineffective when the reason for its application has ceased to exist or does not correspond to the reality anymore. By Gratian. The form of a pardon for killing another man in self-defence see manslaughter. The form of a pardon of a man who is outlawed. Also called perdonatio utlagariae. In logic, begging the question , a fallacy involving the presupposition of a proposition in one of the premises see petitio principii.

In science, a positive feedback loop. In economics, a counterpart to the virtuous circle. Is a phrase used in Cicero's In Verrem as a plea for the legal rights of a Roman citizen. A writ whereby the king of England could command the justice to admit one's claim by an attorney, who being employed in the king's service, cannot come in person. A legal action for trespass to land; so called, because the writ demands the person summoned to answer wherefore he broke the close quare clausum fregit , i. The means of discovering hidden or mysterious meanings in texts, particularly applied in theology and alchemy.

In law, a writ directed to the bishop, for the admitting a clerk to a benefice upon a ne admittas , tried, and found for the party who procures the writ. In law, a writ for the delivery of a clerk out of prison, who is imprisoned upon the breach of statute merchant.

In law, a writ for the delivery of a clerk to his ordinary, that was formerly convicted of felony; by reason that his ordinary did not challenge him according to the privilege of clerks. In law, a writ directed to the bailiffs, etc. The official code of canon law in the Roman Catholic Church cf. Corpus Iuris Canonici. Aborting sexual intercourse prior to ejaculation —the only permitted form of birth control in some religions. A medical euphemism for the doggy-style sexual position. Exhortation to enjoy fully the youth, similar to Carpe diem , from "De rosis nascentibus" also titled "Idyllium de rosis" , attributed to Ausonius or Virgil.

It is frequently abbreviated comb. It is used in the life sciences literature when a new name is introduced, e. Klebsiella granulomatis comb. One year with another; on an average. A term frequently used among philosophical and other writers, implying some medium, or mean relation between several places; one place with another; on a medium.

Describes someone of sound mind. Sometimes used ironically. Also a legal principle, non compos mentis not in control of one's faculties , used to describe an insane person. Motto of the University of Waterloo. Motto of Montreal. It is also the Bank of Montreal coat of arms and motto.

Motto of Merchant Taylors' School, Northwood. The quod here is ambiguous: it may be the relative pronoun or a conjunction. A required, indispensable condition. Commonly mistakenly rendered with conditio "seasoning" or "preserving" in place of condicio "arrangement" or "condition". The abbreviation cf. Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris C. Or "with united powers". Sometimes rendered conjunctis viribus. Motto of Queen Mary, University of London.

Where there are no specific laws, the matter should be decided by custom; [18] established customs have the force of laws. The last words of Jesus on the cross in the Latin translation of John Despising the secular world. The monk or philosopher 's rejection of a mundane life and worldly values. Especially in civil law jurisdictions , said of an understanding of a statute that directly contradicts its wording and thus is neither valid by interpretation nor by analogy.

In contract law , the doctrine of contractual interpretation which provides that an ambiguous term will be construed against the party that imposed its inclusion in the contract — or, more accurately, against the interests of the party who imposed it. Title of a poem by Lesya Ukrainka ; also used in the Pentateuch with reference to Abraham the Patriarch. No herb or sage grows in the gardens against the power of death. A thing or idea that would embody a contradiction , for example, payment for a gift, or a circle with corners.

The fallacy of proposing such a thing. From Augustine 's Confessions , referring to a prescribed method of prayer: having a "heart to heart" with God. Commonly used in reference to a later quote by Cardinal John Henry Newman. A motto of Newman Clubs. Your choice is between The Heart Moral Values, Duty, Loyalty or Death to no longer matter, to no longer be respected as person of integrity. John Calvin 's personal motto, also adopted by Calvin College. A popular school motto. Often used as names for religious and other organisations such as the Pontifical Council Cor Unum.

A phrase from Christian theology which summarizes the idea of Christians living in the presence of, under the authority of, and to the honor and glory of God ; see also coram Deo disambiguation. Two kinds of writs of error. The name of a feast in the Roman Catholic Church commemorating the Eucharist. It is also the name of a city in Texas, Corpus Christi, Texas , the name of Colleges at Oxford and Cambridge universities, and a controversial play.

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