Raising And Caring For Your Pet Ring-tailed Lemur

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Lemurs as Pets:

There are pets that will tolerate their slaps and play bites, but most will not. A Lemur bonds closely with its primary caretaker and may respond aggressively to visitors. Occasionally they will eat insects or small pieces of meat. Fresh water should always be available. Exotic animals like Lemurs need special care. They can live 20 years or more.

If you truly believe you are prepared to care for a Lemur and make that commitment, then you can consider raising a Lemur.

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But research thoroughly, these are living creatures and deserve the proper care. Shrimp are small aquatic creatures. They need a gallon tank. Do not put them with fish that are carnivores. The Ghost Shrimp may live up to a year. They eat the same thing fish eat and clean the tank like snails. Shrimp might be hard to find when you want to look at them. They […]. Exotic pets are considered any pets besides cats, dogs and horses. When you are called out of town on business or you are planning a vacation, your exotic pet needs to be in the care of someone, not always easy to find.

Many people can count on friends, neighbors or relatives to pet sit while […]. Where do Skunks come from? We often use Apples, carrots, bananas, melons and sweet potatoes. There are a variety of non-toxic plants and flowers that can be offered. We recommend you do some research on the toxicity before feeding all plants and flowers.

They also need a dry staple food such as Monkey crunch, leaf eater sticks, and other primate biscuits. We use Mazuri brand foods but, there are others on the market. Can my Ring-Tailed Lemur live inside and what type of enclosure does it need? Yes, they do well in the main living room with a lot of activity.

A double macaw parrot cage makes a nice bedroom for your Lemur. Lemurs do need some vitamin D from the sun. We also recommend having some sort of outside playroom. Outside enclosures can be made out of a lot of dog kennels or custom made if you are a handy sort of person. The most important thing is to protect them from predators outside as well as possibly wandering away or up a tree. Lemurs are diurnal so they love to bask in the sun!

I call mine little sun worshipers. What is a Ring-Tailed Lemur? Interested in purchasing a Ring-Tailed Lemur? Please fill out our availability form and we will contact you directly. When you purchase a baby from us it will come with all USDA paperwork, belly band and leash, food sample bags, a few diapers and care sheet. You will need: An indoor enclosure -which can be small at first but, should be changed to larger as an adult. What does a Ring-Tailed Lemur eat? What type of toys and cage accessories are needed?

Following Linnaeus's species description , the common name "ring-tailed maucauco" was first penned in by Welsh naturalist Thomas Pennant , who made note of its characteristic long, striped tail. The term "maucauco" was a common term for lemurs at this time.

Ring-tailed lemur

The now universal English name "ring-tailed lemur" was first used by George Shaw in his illustrated scientific publication covering the Leverian collection published between and All mammalian fossils from Madagascar come from recent times. However, chromosomal and molecular evidence suggest that lemurs are more closely related to each other than to other Strepsirrhine primates. According to analysis of amino acid sequences , the branching of the family Lemuridae has been dated to The ruffed lemurs are the first genus to split away most basal in the family, a view that is further supported by analysis of DNA sequences and karyotypes.

The ring-tailed lemur is thought to share closer affinities to the bamboo lemurs of the genera Hapalemur and Prolemur than to the other two genera in its family. However, other data concerning immunology and other morphological traits fail to support this close relationship.

For example, Hapalemur and Prolemur have short snouts, while the ring-tailed lemur and the rest of Lemuridae have long snouts.

The lemur who just wants to be scratched does not want to be your pet.

However, differences in the relationship between the orbit eye socket and the muzzle suggest that the ring-tailed lemur and the true lemurs evolved their elongated faces independently. The relationship between the ring-tailed lemur and bamboo lemurs both Hapalemur and Prolemur is the least understood. Molecular analysis suggests that either the bamboo lemurs diverged from the ring-tailed lemur, making the group monophyletic and supporting the current 3-genera taxonomy, or that the ring-tailed lemur is nested in with the bamboo lemurs.

The X chromosome is metacentric and the Y chromosome is acrocentric. Linnaeus first used the genus name Lemur to describe " Lemur tardigradus " the red slender loris , now known as Loris tardigradus in his catalog of the Museum of King Adolf Frederick. In , his 10th edition of Systema Naturae listed the genus Lemur with three included species, only one of which is still considered to be a lemur while another is no longer considered to be a primate. These species include: Lemur tardigradus , Lemur catta the ring-tailed lemur , and Lemur volans the Philippine colugo , now known as Cynocephalus volans.

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In , Oldfield Thomas made Lemur catta the type species for the genus, despite the term initially being used to describe lorises. The ring-tailed lemur shares many similarities with ruffed lemurs genus Varecia and true lemurs genus Eulemur , and its skeleton is nearly indistinguishable from that of the true lemurs. However, ruffed lemurs were reassigned to the genus Varecia in , [19] and due to similarities between the ring-tailed lemur and the bamboo lemurs, particularly in regards to molecular evidence and scent glands similarities, the true lemurs were moved to the genus Eulemur by Yves Rumpler and Elwyn L.

Simons as well as Colin Groves and Robert H. Eaglen Schwartz reviewed the evidence and came to a different conclusion, instead favoring to return the members of Eulemur and Varecia to the genus Lemur. However, this view was not widely accepted and the genus Lemur remained monotypic , containing only the ring-tailed lemur. Because of the difficulty in discerning the relationships within family Lemuridae, not all authorities agree on the taxonomy, although the majority of the primatological community favors the current classification.

Prolemur greater bamboo lemur. In , researchers Steven Goodman and Olivier Langrand suggested that the ring-tailed lemur may demonstrate regional variations, particularly a high mountain population at Andringitra Massif that has a thicker coat, lighter coloration, and variations in its tail rings.

This decision was later supported by further fieldwork that showed that the differences fell within the normal range of variation for the species. The thicker coat was considered a local adaptation to extreme low temperatures in the region, and the fading of the fur was attributed to increased exposure to solar radiation. Additional genetic studies in further supported the conclusion that population did not vary significantly from the other ring-tailed lemur populations on the island.

The ring-tailed lemur is a relatively large lemur. Its average weight is 2. The species has a slender frame and narrow face, fox-like muzzle. Instead, it is only used for balance, communication, and group cohesion. The pelage fur is so dense that it can clog electric clippers. The dorsal back coat varies from gray to rosy-brown, sometimes with a brown pygal patch around the tail region, where the fur grades to pale gray or grayish brown.

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  • The dorsal coloration is slightly darker around the neck and crown. The hair on the throat, cheeks, and ears is white or off-white and also less dense, allowing the dark skin underneath to show through. Vibrissae are also found slightly above the wrist on the underside of the forearm. Unlike most diurnal primates, but like all strepsirhine primates, the ring-tailed lemur has a tapetum lucidum , or reflective layer behind the retina of the eye, that enhances night vision.

    The ring-tailed lemur also has a rudimentary foveal depression on the retina. Another shared characteristic with the other strepsirrhine primates is the rhinarium , a moist, naked, glandular nose supported by the upper jaw and protruding beyond the chin. The rhinarium continues down where it divides the upper lip. The upper lip is attached to the premaxilla , preventing the lip from protruding and thus requiring the lemur to lap water rather than using suction.

    The skin of the ring-tailed lemur is dark gray or black in color, even in places where the fur is white. It is exposed on the nose, palms, soles, eyelids, lips, and genitalia. The skin is smooth, but the leathery texture of the hands and feet facilitate terrestrial movement. The anus , located at the joint of the tail, is covered when the tail is lowered. The area around the anus circumanal area and the perineum are covered in fur. In males, the scrotum lacks fur, is covered in small, horny spines, and the two sacs of the scrotum are divided.

    The penis is nearly cylindrical in shape and is covered in small spines , as well as having two pairs of larger spines on both sides. Males have a relatively small baculum penis bone compared to their size. The scrotum, penis, and prepuce are usually coated with a foul-smelling secretion. Females have a thick, elongated clitoris that protrudes from the labia of the vulva. The opening of the urethra is closer to the clitoris than the vagina , [27] forming a "drip tip. Females have two pairs of mammary glands four nipples , but only one pair is functional.

    The males also have brachial arm glands on the axillary surface of their shoulders near the armpit. The brachial gland is larger than the antebrachial gland, covered in short hair around the periphery, and has a naked crescent-shaped orifice near the center. The gland secretes a foul-smelling, brown, sticky substance. Its fingers are slender, padded, mostly lacking webbing, and semi-dexterous with flat, human-like nails. The thumb is both short and widely separated from the other fingers.

    Despite being set at a right angle to the palm, the thumb is not opposable since the ball of the joint is fixed in place. As with all strepsirrhines, the hand is ectaxonic the axis passes through the fourth digit rather than mesaxonic the axis passing through the third digit as seen in monkeys and apes. The fourth digit is the longest, and only slightly longer than the second digit. Likewise, the fifth digit is only slightly longer than the second. The palms are long and leathery, [3] and like other primates, they have dermal ridges to improve grip.

    The big toe is opposable and is smaller than the big toe of other lemurs, which are more arboreal. The second toe is short, has a small terminal pad, and has a toilet-claw sometimes referred to as a grooming claw specialized for personal grooming , specifically to rake through fur that is unreachable by the mouth.

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    The ring-tailed lemur has a dentition of 2. Its lower incisors i1 and i2 are long, narrow, and finely spaced while pointing almost straight forward in the mouth procumbent.

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    Together with the incisor-shaped incisiform lower canines c1 , which are slightly larger and also procumbent, form a structure called a toothcomb , [3] a trait unique to nearly all strepsirrhine primates. It may also be used for grasping small fruits, removing leaves from the stem when eating, and possibly scraping sap and gum from tree bark. The toothcomb is kept clean using a sublingual organ—a thin, flat, fibrous plate that covers a large part of the base of the tongue. The first lower premolar p2 following the toothcomb is shaped like a canine caniniform and occludes the upper canine, essentially filling the role of the incisiform lower canine.

    There is also a diastema gap between the second and third premolars p2 and p3. The upper incisors are small, with the first incisors I1 space widely from each other, yet closely to the second incisors I2. Both are compressed buccolingually between the cheek and the tongue. The upper canines C1 are long, have a broad base, and curve down and back recurved.

    The upper canines exhibit slight sexual dimorphism , with males exhibiting slightly larger canines than females. Both sexes use them in combat by slashing with them. There is a small diastema between the upper canine and the first premolar P2 , which is smaller and more caniniform than the other premolars.

    Unlike other lemurs, the first two upper molars M1 and M2 have prominent lingual cingulae, yet do not have a protostyle. The ring-tailed lemur is diurnal and semi-terrestrial. Troop size, home range, and population density vary by region and food availability. When encounters occur, they are agonistic , or hostile in nature. A troop will usually occupy the same part of its range for three or four days before moving.

    The ring-tailed lemur has both native and introduced predators. Native predators include the fossa Cryptoprocta ferox , the Madagascar harrier-hawk Polyboroides radiatus , the Madagascar buzzard Buteo brachypterus and the Madagascar ground boa Acrantophis madagascariensis. Introduced predators include the small Indian civet Viverricula indica , the domestic cat and the domestic dog.

    Endemic to southern and southwestern Madagascar , the ring-tailed lemur ranges further into highland areas than other lemurs. It inhabits deciduous forests , dry scrub , montane humid forests , and gallery forests forests along riverbanks. It strongly favors gallery forests, but such forests have now been cleared from much of Madagascar in order to create pasture for livestock.

    It can still be found in Kirindy Mitea National Park , just south of Morondava, though at very low densities. It does not occur in Kirindy Forest Reserve , north of Morondava. Its distribution throughout the rest of its range is very spotty, with population densities varying widely. Unprotected forests that the species has been reported in include Ankoba , Ankodida , Anjatsikolo , Anbatotsilongolongo , Mahazoarivo , Masiabiby , and Mikea.

    Within the protected regions it is known to inhabit, the ring-tailed lemur is sympatric shares its range with as many as 24 species of lemur , covering every living genus except Allocebus , Indri , and Varecia. Historically, the species used to be sympatric with the critically endangered southern black-and-white ruffed lemur Varecia variegata editorum , which was once found at Andringitra National Park; however, no sightings of the ruffed lemur have been reported in recent years.

    In western Madagascar, sympatric ring-tailed lemurs and red-fronted lemurs Eulemur rufifrons have been studied together. Little interaction takes place between the two species. While the diets of the two species overlap, they eat in different proportions since the ring-tailed lemur has a more varied diet and spends more time on the ground. The ring-tailed lemur is an opportunistic omnivore primarily eating fruits and leaves, particularly those of the tamarind tree Tamarindus indica , known natively as kily.

    It has been observed eating decayed wood, earth , spider webs, insect cocoons, arthropods spiders, caterpillars, cicadas and grasshoppers and small vertebrates birds and chameleons. Troops are classified as multi-male groups , with a matriline as the core group. Dominance is enforced by lunging, chasing, cuffing, grabbing and biting. Young females do not always inherit their mother's rank and young males leave the troop between three and five years of age.

    Each troop has one to three central, high-ranking adult males who interact with females more than other group males and lead the troop procession with high-ranking females. Recently transferred males, old males or young adult males that have not yet left their natal group are often lower ranking. Staying at the periphery of the group they tend to be marginalized from group activity.

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