Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668


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Quotations from the diary of samuel pepys on the weather

Having engaged his thoughts, he knew not by what accident, upon the bills of mortality, he happened to make observations, for he designed them not, which have fallen out to be both political and natural [9]. Thus does Graunt insist, somewhat over-elaborately, upon the casualness of studies which must, in fact, have demanded both time and patience. In the appendix to the third edition, however, after the recognized success of the "Observations" had established their author's position in the scientific world, he speaks with more assurance of his "long and serious perusal of all the bills of mortality which this great city hath afforded for almost four score years [10].

He had observed that the weekly bills were put by those who took them in to little use other than to furnish a text to talk upon in the next company [11] ; and he "thought that the Wisdom of our City had certainly designed the laudable practice of taking and distributing these Accompts for other and greater uses They met apparently a favourable reception.

Before they had been in print two months, Pepys, ever alert to hear some new thing, was buying a copy at Westminster Hall [12]. To others, as to him, they must have "appeared at first sight to be very pretty," for a new edition was called for within the year [13]. The greatest compliment however, which Graunt received on account of his book, and doubtless the compliment which he most appreciated, was his election into the Royal Society.

The 5th February, , fifty copies of the "Observations" were presented by Dr Whistler on behalf of the author to the "Society of Philosophers meeting at Gresham Colledg. Bishop Sprat says that Graunt was recommended to the Royal Society—for as such the Society of Philosophers were presently incorporated—by no one less than the King himself, and that "in his election it was so far from being a prejudice that he was a shopkeeper of London, that His Majesty gave this particular charge to His Society, that if they found any more such tradesmen, they should be sure to admit them all, without any more ado [15].

At any rate it took adequate precautions that Graunt be not admitted until his fitness for membership had been established beyond question. Their report is not preserved by Birch, but it must have been favourable, for 26th February Graunt was elected a fellow of the Society. In spite of his assertion, in the epistle dedicatory to Sir Robert Moray, that he was none of their number nor had the least ambition to be so [16] , Graunt promptly accepted the election and subscribed his name at the next meeting of the Society [17].

His connection with the Royal Society appears to have been, on the whole, rather formal than vital. He took, however, but small part in the scientific proceedings. Only once did he make a communication in any way similar to his "Observations," and in that communication [18] , although he spoke of the rapid increase of carp by generation, what obviously interested him was not, as we might have expected, the increase of the fish in numbers, but rather their growth in size.

The disappearance of Graunt's name from the minutes of the Royal Society's meetings after must be accounted one of the results of his large losses by the Fire of London. Even with the substantial assistance of his devoted friend Petty [19] , Graunt could not recover from the business reverses he then sustained. His conversion from protestantism to the Roman Catholic Church [20] seems also to have worked to his disadvantage in worldly matters, and his affairs went from bad to worse until his death, 18 April, He was buried in St Dunstan's church, Fleet Street.

Among others, with teares, was that great ingeniose virtuoso, Sir William Petty. Of the esteem in which John Graunt was held by his contemporaries we have sufficient evidence. His old acquaintance Richard Smith, the famous book-collector, esteemed him "an understanding man of quick witt and a pretty schollar [21]. The account begins with these enthusiastic words, "Now that I am got into the name of Grant I cannot without the guilt of concealment but let you know some things of the most ingenious person, considering his education and employment, that his time hath produced The said John Graunt was an ingenious and studious person, generally beloved, was a faithful friend, a great peace-maker, and one that had often been chosen for his prudence and justness an arbitrator.

Pepis ; 2. Pepy ; 3. Pypys ; 4. Pipes ; 5. Peppis ; 6. Peppes ; 7. Pepes ; 8. Peppys ; 9. Peaps ; Pippis ; Peapys ; Peps ; Pypes ; Peypes ; Peeps ; Peepes ; Peyps Walter Pepys adds:—. The present Irish pronunciation of English is really the same as the English pronunciation of the seventeenth century, when the most extensive settlement of Englishmen in Ireland took place, and the Irish always pronounce ea like ai as, He gave him a nate bating — neat beating.

In spite of all the research which has brought to light so many incidents of interest in the life of Samuel Pepys, we cannot but feel how dry these facts are when placed by the side of the living details of the Diary. It is in its pages that the true man is displayed, and it has therefore not been thought necessary here to do more than set down in chronological order such facts as are known of the life outside the Diary.

Hill, for having been scandalously over-served with drink ye night before. This was done in the presence of all the Fellows then resident, in Mr. Michell of Martins in the fields, Spinster. Published October 19tn, 22nd, 29th , and were married by Richard Sherwin Esqr one of the justices of the Peace of the Cittie and Lyberties of Westm. December 1st. Signed Ri. I went this evening to London, to carry Mr. Pepys and Mr. Offley, did, in the first place, take into consideration what related personally to Mr.

Information being given to the House that they had received an account from a person of quality, that he saw an Altar with a Crucifix upon it, in the house of Mr. Pepys; Mr. Pepys, standing up in his place, did heartily and flatly deny that he ever had any Altar or Crucifix, or the image or picture of any Saint whatsoever in his house, from the top to the bottom of it; and the Members being called upon to name the person that gave them the information, they were unwilling to declare it without the order of the House; which, being made, they named the Earl of Shaftesbury; and the House being also informed that Sir J.

Banks did likewise see the Altar, he was ordered to attend the Bar of the House, to declare what he knew of this matter. Garraway do attend Lord Shaftesbury on the like occasion, and receive what information his Lordship, can give on this matter. Coventry reports that they attended the Earl of Shaftesbury, and received from him the account which they had put in writing.

The Earl of Shaftesbury denieth that he ever saw an Altar in Mr. When his Lordship was asked the time, he said it was before the burning of the Office of the Navy. Being asked concerning the manner, he said he could not remember whether it were painted or carved, or in what manner the thing was; and that his memory was so very imperfect in it, that if he were upon his oath he could give no testimony.

Pepys, and whether he used to have recourse to him to his house and had ever seen there any Altar or Crucifix, or whether he knew of his being a Papist, or Popishly inclined. Sir J. Banks said that he had known and had been acquainted with Mr. Pepys several years, and had often visited him and conversed with him at the Navy Office, and at his house there upon several occasions, and that he never saw in his house there any Altar or Crucifix, and that he does not believe him to be a Papist, or that way inclined in the least, nor had any reason or ground to think or believe it.

He was appointed Ambassador to Turkey in , and died at Belgrade in July of that year. Blessed be God, at the end of the last year I was in very good health, without any sense of my old pain, but upon taking of cold. My wife. Thus since we have been in the habit of putting the two dates for the months of January and February and March 1 to 24 — in all years previous to Practically, however, many persons considered the year to commence with January 1st, as it will be seen Pepys did. The fiscal year has not been altered; and the national accounts are still reckoned from old Lady Day, which falls on the 6th of April.

See March 26th below. Although not suffering from this cause again until the end of his life, there are frequent references in the Diary to pain whenever he caught cold. The condition of the State was thus; viz. The officers of the Army all forced to yield. Lawson 2 lies still in the river, and Monk 3 is with his army in Scotland.

Only my Lord Lambert is not yet come into the Parliament, nor is it expected that he will without being forced to it. The new Common Council of the City do speak very high; and had sent to Monk their sword-bearer, to acquaint him with their desires for a free and full Parliament, which is at present the desires, and the hopes, and expectation of all. Twenty-two of the old secluded members 4 having been at the House-door the last week to demand entrance, but it was denied them; and it is believed that [neither] they nor the people will be satisfied till the House be filled.

My own private condition very handsome, and esteemed rich, but indeed very poor; besides my goods of my house, and my office, which at present is somewhat uncertain. Downing master of my office. The title Lord was not his by right, but it was frequently given to the republican officers. In he was appointed captain of horse under Fairfax, and acted as major-general to Cromwell in during the war in Scotland. He refused to take the oath of allegiance to Cromwell, for which the Protector deprived him of his commission.

The Commons cashiered Lambert, Desborough, and other officers, October 12th, , but Lambert retaliated by thrusting out the Commons, and set out to meet Monk. His men fell away from him, and he was sent to the Tower, March 3rd, , but escaped. In he was tried on a charge of high treason and condemned, but his life was spared. It is generally stated that he passed the remainder of his life in the island of Guernsey, but this is proved to be incorrect by a MS. Nicholas, at the entrance of Plymouth harbour].

Though a republican, he readily closed with the design of restoring the King. He was mortally wounded in the action with the Dutch off Harwich, June, He is supposed to have been born in August, He and his parents went to New England in , and he was the second graduate of Harvard College.

10th April

Anthony a Wood who incorrectly describes him as the son of Dr. Calybute Downing, vicar of Hackney calls Downing a sider with all times and changes: skilled in the common cant, and a preacher occasionally. He was sent by Cromwell to Holland in , as resident there. Afterwards, becoming Secretary to the Treasury and Commissioner of the Customs, he was in created a Baronet of East Hatley, in Cambridgeshire, and was again sent Ambassador to Holland.

His grandson of the same name, who died in , was the founder of Downing College, Cambridge. The title became extinct in , upon the decease of Sir John Gerrard Downing, the last heir-male of the family. He died in July, This morning we living lately in the garret, I rose, put on my suit with great skirts, having not lately worn any other, clothes but them. Went to Mr. Dined at home in the garret, where my wife dressed the remains of a turkey, and in the doing of it she burned her hand.

Turner 2 and Madam Morrice, and supt with us. After that my wife and I went home with them, and so to our own home. He had continued to read the Liturgy at the chapel at Exeter House when the Parliament was most predominant, for which Cromwell often rebuked him. Evelyn relates that on Christmas Day, , the chapel was surrounded with soldiers, and the congregation taken prisoners, he and his wife being among them. There are several notices of Dr. When he obtained the mastership of St. Tuckney, he allowed that Nonconformist divine a handsome annuity during his life. He was a great controversialist, and a man of great reading.

He died July 6th, , aged seventy-one. She died In the morning before I went forth old East brought me a dozen of bottles of sack, and I gave him a shilling for his pains. Then I went to Mr. Sheply, 1 who was drawing of sack in the wine cellar to send to other places as a gift from my Lord, and told me that my Lord had given him order to give me the dozen of bottles. Thence I went to the Temple to speak with Mr. Andrewes for my own use, and so went to my office, where there was nothing to do.

Then I walked a great while in Westminster Hall, where I heard that Lambert was coming up to London; that my Lord Fairfax 4 was in the head of the Irish brigade, but it was not certain what he would declare for. The House was today upon finishing the act for the Council of State, which they did; and for the indemnity to the soldiers; and were to sit again thereupon in the afternoon. Great talk that many places have declared for a free Parliament; and it is believed that they will be forced to fill up the House with the old members.

From the Hall I called at home, and so went to Mr. Moore and I and another gentleman went out and drank a cup of ale together in the new market, and there I eat some bread and cheese for my dinner. After that Mr. Calthrop, but failed again of finding him, so returned to Mr. Jemimah 5 home, and there she taught me how to play at cribbage. Then I went home, and finding my wife gone to see Mrs. So to bed, and my wife had a very bad night of it through wind and cold.

He died in action against the Dutch in Southwold Bay, May 28th, He sat for Brackley in the Long Parliament. He died December 12th, After the Restoration, he retired to his country seat, where he lived in private till his death, It is believed that they have never been printed. It has recently been pointed out to me, that the lines were not originally composed by Fairfax, being only a poor translation of the spirited lines of Statius Sylvarum lib. These verses were first applied by the President de Thou to the massacre of St. Bartholomew, ; and in our day, by Mr.

Jemimah, or Mrs. Jem, was Jemima, eldest daughter of Sir Edward Montagu. At this time she and her sister, Mrs. It was most probably the house of William Joyce, who kept a place of entertainment at Westminster see Jan. I went out in the morning, it being a great frost, and walked to Mrs. Calthrop, and walked in his chamber an hour, but could not see him, so went to Westminster, where I found soldiers in my office to receive money, and paid it them.

At noon went home, where Mrs. Jem, her maid, Mr. Sheply, Hawly, and Moore dined with me on a piece of beef and cabbage, and a collar of brawn. We then fell to cards till dark, and then I went home with Mrs. Jem, and meeting Mr. Hawly got him to bear me company to Chancery Lane, where I spoke with Mr. Calthrop, he told me that Sir James Calthrop was lately dead, but that he would write to his Lady, that the money may be speedily paid. Thence back to White Hall, where I understood that the Parliament had passed the act for indemnity to the soldiers and officers that would come in, in so many days, and that my Lord Lambert should have benefit of the said act.

They had also voted that all vacancies in the House, by the death of any of the old members, shall be filled up; but those that are living shall not be called in. Thence I went home, and there found Mr. Hunt and his wife, and Mr. Hawly, who sat with me till ten at night at cards, and so broke up and to bed. Early came Mr. It snowed hard all this morning, and was very cold, and my nose was much swelled with cold.

Some say that Lambert must of necessity yield up; others, that he is very strong, and that the Fifth-monarchy-men [will] stick to him, if he declares for a free Parliament.

Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668 by Samuel Pepys

Chillington was sent yesterday to him with the vote of pardon and indemnity from the Parliament. Vines, and could not get him along with me. I was vext at this, and went and walked in the Hall, where I heard that the Parliament spent this day in fasting and prayer; and in the afternoon came letters from the North, that brought certain news that my Lord Lambent his forces were all forsaking him, and that he was left with only fifty horse, and that he did now declare for the Parliament himself; and that my Lord Fairfax did also rest satisfied, and had laid down his arms, and that what he had done was only to secure the country against my Lord Lambert his raising of money, and free quarter.

Then I spent a little time with G. Hawly at cards till ten at night, and was much made of by them. Home and so to bed, but much troubled with my nose, which was much swelled. Hinchinbroke House, so often mentioned in the Diary, stood about half a mile to the westward of the town of Huntingdon.

It was erected late in the reign of Elizabeth, by Sir Henry Cromwell, on the site of a Benedictine nunnery, granted at the Dissolution, with all its appurtenances, to his father, Richard Williams, who had assumed the name of Cromwell, and whose grandson, Sir Oliver, was the uncle and godfather of the Protector.

The knight, who was renowned for, his hospitality, had the honour of entertaining King James at Hinchinbroke, but, getting into pecuniary difficulties, was obliged to sell his estates, which were conveyed, July 28th, , to Sir Sidney Montagu of Barnwell, father of the first Earl of Sandwich, in whose descendant they are still vested. On the morning of the 22nd January, , during the minority of the seventh Earl, Hinchinbroke was almost entirely destroyed by fire, but the pictures and furniture were mostly saved, and the house has been rebuilt in the Elizabethan style, and the interior greatly improved, under the direction of Edward Blore, Esq.

Rimbault, p. I went to my office, where the money was again expected from the Excise office, but none brought, but was promised to be sent this afternoon. I dined with Mr. And so to my office again; where the Excise money was brought, and some of it told to soldiers till it was dark. Then my wife and I, it being a great frost, went to Mrs. Fage, to consult concerning my nose, who told me it was nothing but cold, and after that we did discourse concerning public business; and he told me it is true the City had not time enough to do much, but they are resolved to shake off the soldiers; and that unless there be a free Parliament chosen, he did believe there are half the Common Council will not levy any money by order of this Parliament.

Ramsey and her grandchild, a pretty girl, and staid a while and talked with them and my mother, and then took my leave, only heard of an invitation to go to dinner tomorrow to my cosen Thomas Pepys. Jem, and took my wife and Mrs. Sheply, and went home. This morning Mr. Sheply and I did eat our breakfast at Mrs.

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After dinner I took my leave, leaving my wife with my cozen Stradwick, 1 and went to Westminster to Mr. Vines, where George and I fiddled a good while, Dick and his wife who was lately brought to bed and her sister being there, but Mr. Hudson not coming according to his promise, I went away, and calling at my house on the wench, I took her and the lanthorn with me to my cosen Stradwick, where, after a good supper, there being there my father, mother, brothers, and sister, my cosen Scott and his wife, Mr.

Drawwater and his wife, and her brother, Mr. Stradwick, we had a brave cake brought us, and in the choosing, Pall was Queen and Mr. Stradwick was King. After that my wife and I bid adieu and came home, it being still a great frost. At my office as I was receiving money of the probate of wills, in came Mrs. Turner, Theoph. Hawly came after, and I got a dish of steaks and a rabbit for them, while they were playing a game or two at cards. In the middle of our dinner a messenger from Mr. Downing came to fetch me to him, so leaving Mr.


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Hawly there, I went and was forced to stay till night in expectation of the French Embassador, who at last came, and I had a great deal of good discourse with one of his gentlemen concerning the reason of the difference between the zeal of the French and the Spaniard. After he was gone I went home, and found my friends still at cards, and after that I went along with them to Dr. Whores sending my wife to Mrs. May, Harding, and Mallard. Afterwards I put my friends into a coach, and went to Mrs. So home and to bed.

In the morning I went to Mr. Sheply, and after supper went home together. Here I heard of the death of Mr. Palmer, and that he was to be buried at Westminster tomorrow. I found Muddiman a good scholar, an arch rogue; and owns that though he writes new books for the Parliament, yet he did declare that he did it only to get money; and did talk very basely of many of them. Among other things, W. He answered that they were his own handwriting, and that he did it by virtue of his office, and the practice of his predecessor; and that the intent of the practice was to — let posterity know how such and such a Parliament was dissolved, whether by the command of the King, or by their own neglect, as the last House of Lords was; and that to this end, he had said and writ that it was dissolved by his Excellence the Lord G[eneral]; and that for the word dissolved, he never at the time did hear of any other term; and desired pardon if he would not dare to make a word himself when it was six years after, before they came themselves to call it an interruption; but they were so little satisfied with this answer, that they did chuse a committee to report to the House, whether this crime of Mr.

Thence I went with Muddiman to the Coffee—House, and gave 18d. Thence to Mrs. Vane 2 was this day voted out of the House, and to sit no more there; and that he would retire himself to his house at Raby, as also all the rest of the nine officers that had their commissions formerly taken away from them, were commanded to their farthest houses from London during the pleasure of the Parliament. Jenings, and took them home, and gave them a bottle of wine, and the remainder of my collar of brawn; and so good night.

After that came in Mr. Hawly, who told me that I was mist this day at my office, and that tomorrow I must pay all the money that I have, at which I was put to a great loss how I should get money to make up my cash, and so went to bed in great trouble. He was executed in , on a charge of conspiring the death of Charles I.

Went out early, and in my way met with Greatorex, 1 and at an alehouse he showed me the first sphere of wire that ever he made, and indeed it was very pleasant; thence to Mr. Thence Jenings and I into London it being through heat of the sun a great thaw and dirty to show our bills of return, and coming back drank a pint of wine at the Star in Cheapside. So to Westminster, overtaking Captain Okeshott in his silk cloak, whose sword got hold of many people in walking. Thence to the Coffee-house, where were a great confluence of gentlemen; viz. Harrington, Poultny, chairman, Gold, Dr.

So home to bed. He is frequently mentioned by Pepys. He signed the death warrant of Charles I. Walgrave and Mr. Edward, I returned to my father, and taking him from W. I went towards London, and in my way went in to see Crowly, who was now grown a very great loon and very tame. Thence to Mr. From home I went to see Mrs. Jem, who was in bed, and now granted to have the small-pox. Back again, and went to the Coffee-house, but tarried not, and so home. Sheply and a seaman, and so to my office, where Captain Holland came to see me, and appointed a meeting in the afternoon.

Billingsly and Newman, a barber, where we were very merry, and had the young man that plays so well on the Welsh harp. Billingsly paid for all. Thence home, and finding my letters this day not gone by the carrier I new sealed them, but my brother Tom coming we fell into discourse about my intention to feast the Joyces. Coming in the morning to my office, I met with Mr. Fage and took him to the Swan? Thence to my office, where nothing to do. Pinkney, who invited me to their feast at his Hall the next Monday. Thence I went home and took my wife and dined at Mr.

Wades, and after that we went and visited Catan. From thence home again, and my wife was very unwilling to let me go forth, but with some discontent would go out if I did, and I going forth towards Whitehall, I saw she followed me, and so I staid and took her round through Whitehall, and so carried her home angry.

Thence I went to Mrs. Jem, and found her up and merry, and that it did not prove the small-pox, but only the swine-pox; so I played a game or two at cards with her. And so to Mr. Vines, where he and I and Mr. After that I went home and found my wife gone abroad to Mr. Nothing to do at our office. They staid with me all the afternoon, and went hence in the evening.

Then I went with my wife, and left her at market, and went myself to the Coffee-house, and heard exceeding good argument against Mr. Home, and wrote to Hinchinbroke, and sent that and my other letter that missed of going on Thursday last. So to bed.

Tuesday, 10th April 1660

Having been exceedingly disturbed in the night with the barking of a dog of one of our neighbours that I could not sleep for an hour or two, I slept late, and then in the morning took physic, and so staid within all day. At noon my brother John came to me, and I corrected as well as I could his Greek speech to say the Apposition, though I believe he himself was as well able to do it as myself.

After that we went to read in the great Officiale about the blessing of bells in the Church of Rome. It being a cold day and a great snow my physic did not work so well as it should have done. In the morning I went up to Mr. Edward to Twickenham, and likewise did talk to me concerning things of state; and expressed his mind how just it was that the secluded members should come to sit again.

I went from thence, and in my way went into an alehouse and drank my morning draft with Matthew Andrews and two or three more of his friends, coachmen. And of one of them I did hire a coach to carry us tomorrow to Twickenham. From thence to my office, where nothing to do; but Mr. Downing he came and found me all alone; and did mention to me his going back into Holland, and did ask me whether I would go or no, but gave me little encouragement, but bid me consider of it; and asked me whether I did not think that Mr.

Hawly could perform the work of my office alone or no. I confess I was at a great loss, all the day after, to bethink myself how to carry this business. At noon, Harry Ethall came to me and went along with Mr. Maylard by coach as far as Salsbury Court, and there we set him down, and we went to the Clerks, where we came a little too late, but in a closet we had a very good dinner by Mr.

After that Sheply, Harrison and myself, we went towards Westminster on foot, and at the Golden Lion, near Charing Cross, we went in and drank a pint of wine, and so parted, and thence home, where I found my wife and maid a-washing. Early I went to Mr. Edward money to give the servants, I took him into the coach that waited for us and carried him to my house, where the coach waited for me while I and the child went to Westminster Hall, and bought him some pictures. In the Hall I met Mr. Thence the child and I to the coach, where my wife was ready, and so we went towards Twickenham.

In our way, at Kensington we understood how that my Lord Chesterfield had killed another gentleman about half an hour before, and was fled. After that we parted and went homewards, it being market day at Brainford [Brentford]. I set my wife down and went with the coach to Mr. Moore and Mrs. Jem, he having told me the reason of his melancholy was some unkindness from her after so great expressions of love, and how he had spoke to her friends and had their consent, and that he would desire me to take an occasion of speaking with her, but by no means not to heighten her discontent or distaste whatever it be, but to make it up if I can.

But he being out of doors, I went away and went to see Mrs. Jem, who was now very well again, and after a game or two at cards, I left her. So I went to the Coffee Club, and heard very good discourse; it was in answer to Mr. Thence I went to Westminster, and met Shaw and Washington, who told me how this day Sydenham 2 was voted out of the House for sitting any more this Parliament, and that Salloway was voted out likewise and sent to the Tower, during the pleasure of the House.

Thence I went home, it being late and my wife in bed. The name of the unfortunate gentleman who fell on this occasion was Woolly. He acted a busy part in the eventful times in which he lived, and was remarkable for his steady adherence to the Stuarts. The Earl of Chesterfield and Dr. They fought a duel on the backside of Mr. The Earl wounded him in two places, and would fain have then ended, but the stubbornness and pride of heart of Mr.

Woolly would not give over, and the next pass [he] was killed on the spot. The Earl fled to Chelsea, and there took water and escaped. The jury found it chance-medley. He was the elder brother of the celebrated physician of that name. His succession to his father as Protector was universally accepted at first, but the army soon began to murmur because he was not a general.

Between the dissensions of various parties he fell, and the country was left in a state of anarchy: He went abroad early in the summer of , and lived abroad for some years, returning to England in After his fall he bore the name of John Clarke. Died at Cheshunt, July 12th, Sheply brought me letters from the carrier and so I went home.

Talbot, Adams, Pinkny and his son, but his son did not come. Here we were very merry, and while I was here Mr. Fuller came thither and staid a little, while. Harrison, and by chance seeing Mr. Butler 1 coming by I called him in and so we sat drinking a bottle of wine till night. Cooper and so I came home and to bed. All the world is at a loss to think what Monk will do: the City saying that he will be for them, and the Parliament saying he will be for them. Pepys made several for Montagu, Downing, and others. This morning I was sent for to Mr.

Downing, and at his bed side he told me, that he had a kindness for me, and that he thought that he had done me one; and that was, that he had got me to be one of the Clerks of the Council; at which I was a little stumbled, and could not tell what to do, whether to thank him or no; but by and by I did; but not very heartily, for I feared that his doing of it was but only to ease himself of the salary which he gives me. Sheply staying below all this time for me we went thence and met Mr.

Cooper and did give him some answer from my Lord and he did give us leave to keep the lodgings still. And so we did determine thereupon that Mr.

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Sheply might now go into the country and would do so tomorrow. Back I went by Mr. Thence to my office and so with Mr. Sheply and Moore, to dine upon a turkey with Mrs. Jem, and after that Mr. Moore and I went to the French Ordinary, where Mr. Downing this day feasted Sir Arth.

Haselrigge, and a great many more of the Parliament, and did stay to put him in mind of me. Here he gave me a note to go and invite some other members to dinner tomorrow. Hence I went and did leave some of my notes at the lodgings of the members and so home. To bed. The one here alluded to was probably the surgeon, and husband of pretty Mrs. I called upon Mr. Calthrop about the money due to my Lord. Here I met with Mr. Woodfine and drank with him at the Sun in Chancery Lane and so to Westminster Hall, where at the lobby I spoke with the rest of my guests and so to my office.

At noon went by water with Mr. Falconberge would go drink a cup of ale at a place where I had like to have shot at a scholar that lay over the house of office. Thence calling on Mr. Thence to Westminster Hall where Mrs. Lane and the rest of the maids had their white scarfs, all having been at the burial of a young bookseller in the Hall.

So parted and I sat up late making up my accounts before he go.

Diary of Samuel Pepys Volume 2 Fire ships 1667 England

This day three citizens of London went to meet Monk from the Common Council! In the statutes for appointing licensers and regulating the press, there is a clause exempting them from the pains and penalties of these obnoxious laws. Sheply and possession of all the keys and the house. Thence to my office for some money to pay Mr. Sheply and sent it him by the old man.

I then went to Mr. So the porter or he lied. Thence to my office where nothing to do. Then with Mr. Hawly, he and I went to Mr. Thence into London, to Mr. At the Mitre, in Fleet street, in our way calling on Mr. Fage, who told me how the City have some hopes of Monk. But I satisfied him and after I had wrote a letter there to my Lord, wherein I gave him an account how this day Lenthall took his chair again, and [the House] resolved a declaration to be brought in on Monday next to satisfy the world what they intend to do.

I went in the morning to Mr. Thurburn and sat with him in his pew. A very eloquent sermon about the duty of all to give good example in our lives and conversation, which I fear he himself was most guilty of not doing. After dinner my father shewed me a letter from Mr. To church in the afternoon to Mr. Herring, where a lazy poor sermon. And so home with Mrs. This day I began to put on buckles to my shoes, which I have bought yesterday of Mr.

Downing, which I did and came back, and finding Mr. Pierce, the surgeon, I took him to the Axe and gave him his morning draft. Thence to my office and there did nothing but make up my balance. I went out and paid Wilkinson what I did owe him, and brought a piece of beef home for dinner. Thence I went out and paid Waters, the vintner, and went to see Mrs. Jem, where I found my Lady Wright, but Scott was so drunk that he could not be seen. Here I staid and made up Mrs. I paid Mrs. Michell, my bookseller, and back to Whitehall, and in the garden, going through to the Stone Gallery 1 I fell into a ditch, it being very dark.

It led from the Bowling Green to the Court of the Palace. Pierces, she in the way being exceedingly troubled with a pair of new pattens, and I vexed to go so slow, it being late. There when we came we found Mrs. Carrick very fine, and one Mr. Lucy, who called one another husband and wife, and after dinner a great deal of mad stir.

There was pulling off Mrs. Lucy and several other gentlemen coming in after dinner, swearing and singing as if they were mad, only he singing very handsomely. There came in afterwards Mr. Southerne, clerk to Mr. Hence home with my wife and so to Whitehall, where I met with Mr. So home and talked with my wife about our dinner on Thursday. Upon the morrow after their marriage, the bride and bridegroom perambulate the streets, followed by a numerous cortege, the guests at the wedding festival, two and two; each individual wearing two bits of narrow ribbon, about two inches in length, of different colours, which are pinned crossways upon the breast.

These morsels of ribbons originally formed the garters of the bride and bridegroom, which had been divided amidst boisterous mirth among the assembled company, the moment the happy pair had been formally installed in the bridal bed. Hughes, Belvedere, Jersey. Called up early to Mr. After dinner I took leave, and coming home heard that in Cheapside there had been but a little before a gibbet set up, and the picture of Huson 1 hung upon it in the middle of the street. Thomas Crew, to my Lord.

So [to] my Lady Wright to speak with her, but she was abroad, so Mr. Evans, her butler, had me into his buttery, and gave me sack and a lesson on his lute, which he played very well. This evening Mr. Downing sent for me, and gave me order to go to Mr.

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Jessop for his papers concerning his dispatch to Holland which were not ready, only his order for a ship to transport him he gave me. Downing, which I did and back again. Then came Mr. Frost to pay Mr. Called for some papers at Whitehall for Mr. My company was my father, my uncle Fenner, his two sons, Mr.

Pierce, and all their wives, and my brother Tom. We were as merry as I could frame myself to be in the company, W. Joyce talking after the old rate and drinking hard, vexed his father and mother and wife. And I did perceive that Mrs. Pierce her coming so gallant, that it put the two young women quite out of courage. When it became dark they all went away but Mr. Pierce, and W. Joyce, and their wives and Tom, and drank a bottle of wine afterwards, so that Will did heartily vex his father and mother by staying.

At which I and my wife were much pleased. Then they all went and I fell to writing of two characters for Mr. After dinner today my father showed me a letter from my Uncle Robert, in answer to my last, concerning my money which I would have out of my Coz.

Going to my office I met with Tom Newton, my old comrade, and took him to the Crown in the Palace, and gave him his morning draft. And as he always did, did talk very high what he would do with the Parliament, that he would have what place he would, and that he might be one of the Clerks to the Council if he would. Here I staid talking with him till the offices were all shut, and then I looked in the Hall, and was told by my bookseller, Mrs. Michell, that Mr. Montagu had inquired there for me. So I went to his house, and was forced by him to dine with him, and had a plenteous brave dinner and the greatest civility that ever I had from any man.

Thence home and so to Mrs. Jem, and played with her at cards, and coming home again my wife told me that Mr. Hawly had been there to speak with me, and seemed angry that I had not been at the office that day, and she told me she was afraid that Mr. Downing may have a mind to pick some hole in my coat. So I made haste to him, but found no such thing from him, but he sent me to Mr. Squib to come to him tomorrow, and I carried him an answer. So home and fell a writing the characters for Mr.

Downing, and about nine at night Mr. Hawly came, and after he was gone I sat up till almost twelve writing, and — wrote two of them. In the morning up early and wrote another, my wife lying in bed and reading to me. I went to Mr. Downing and carried him three characters, and then to my office and wrote another, while Mr. Frost staid telling money. And after I had done it Mr. Hawly came into the office and I left him and carried it to Mr. Downing, who then told me that he was resolved to be gone for Holland this morning.

So I to my office again, and dispatch my business there, and came with Mr. Hawly to Mr. Squib from White Hall in a coach thither with me, and there we waited in his chamber a great while, till he came in; and in the mean time, sent all his things to the barge that lay at Charing—Cross Stairs. Then came he in, and took a very civil leave of me, beyond my expectation, for I was afraid that he would have told me something of removing me from my office; but he did not, but that he would do me any service that lay in his power.

So I went down and sent a porter to my house for my best fur cap, but he coming too late with it I did not present it to him. Thence I went to Westminster Hall, and bound up my cap at Mrs. He gave me half a piece and carried me in his coach to St. Andrews, and took in all my notes and gave him one for all. Back again home and to bed. Paul and St. Peter the feast day of St. Paul being a day or two ago , whereby he did prove, that, contrary to the doctrine of the Roman Church, St. Paul did never own any dependance, or that he was inferior to St.

Peter, but that they were equal, only one a particular charge of preaching to the Jews, and the other to the Gentiles. Moore, and went home with him to dinner to Mr. Spurrier being in town did dine with us. Joyce would the other day have Mr. Pierce and his wife to the tavern after they were gone from my house, and that he had so little manners as to make Tom pay his share notwithstanding that he went upon his account, and by my father I understand that my uncle Fenner and my aunt were much pleased with our entertaining them.

After supper home without going to see Mrs. Scull the waterman came and brought me a note from the Hope from Mr. Hawly with direction, about his money, he tarrying there till his master be gone. To my office, where I received money of the excise of Mr. Torriano used to be and staid there a while with Mr. Ashwell, Spicer and Ruddier. Dick Matthews according to his direction the last week in a letter. Jam, whose maid had newly got an ague and was ill thereupon. So homewards again, having great need to do my business, and so pretending to meet Mr.

Shott the wood monger of Whitehall I went and eased myself at the Harp and Ball, and thence home where I sat writing till bed-time and so to bed. There seems now to be a general cease of talk, it being taken for granted that Monk do resolve to stand to the Parliament, and nothing else. Spent a little time this night in knocking up nails for my hat and cloaks in my chamber.

Then home and dined with my wife when in came Mr. Hawly newly come from shipboard from his master, and brought me a letter of direction what to do in his lawsuit with Squib about his house and office. After dinner to Westminster Hall, where all we clerks had orders to wait upon the Committee, at the Star Chamber that is to try Colonel Jones, 1 and were to give an account what money we had paid him; but the Committee did not sit today.

Godfrey Austin, a scrivener in King Street. Jem, where I found her maid in bed in a fit of the ague, and Mrs. Pulford, servant to Mr. Waterhouse, who tells me, that whereas my Lord Fleetwood should have answered to the Parliament today, he wrote a letter and desired a little more time, he being a great way out of town. And how that he is quite ashamed of himself, and confesses how he had deserved this, for his baseness to his brother. And that he is like to pay part of the money, paid out of the Exchequer during the Committee of Safety, out of his own purse again, which I am glad of.

Home and to bed, leaving my wife reading in Polixandre. It was the earliest of the French heroic romances, and it appears to have been the model for the works of Calprenede and Mdlle. February 1st. In the morning went to my office where afterwards the old man brought me my letters from the carrier.

At noon I went home and dined with my wife on pease porridge and nothing else. After that I went to the Hall and there met with Mr. Swan and went with him to Mr. Calthrop and from thence to Mrs. Jem and spoke with Madam Scott and her husband who did promise to have the thing for her neck done this week.

So the Colonel went to the Parliament, and commanded what money could be got, to be got against tomorrow for them, and all the rest of the soldiers in town, who in all places made a mutiny this day, and do agree together. Here I took some bedding to send to Mrs. Ann for her to lie in now she hath her fits of the ague. Hunt and his wife who staid and sat with me till 10 and so good night. In our way we talked with our waterman, White, who told us how the watermen had lately been abused by some that had a desire to get in to be watermen to the State, and had lately presented an address of nine or ten thousand hands to stand by this Parliament, when it was only told them that it was to a petition against hackney coaches; and that today they had put out another to undeceive the world and to clear themselves, and that among the rest Cropp, my waterman and one of great practice, was one that did cheat them thus.

After I had received the money we went to the Bridge Tavern and drank a quart of wine and so back by water, landing Mr. So I took my money and went to Mrs. By and by a drum was heard to beat a march coming towards them, and they got all ready again and faced them, and they proved to be of the same mind with them; and so they made a great deal of joy to see one another. Simons, Doling, Luellin and three merchants, one of which had occasion to use a porter, so they sent for one, and James the soldier came, who told us how they had been all day and night upon their guard at St.

Home and to bed. Thence to St. Thence to my office, where I paid a little more money to some of the soldiers under Lieut. Miller who held out the Tower against the Parliament after it was taken away from Fitch by the Committee of Safety, and yet he continued in his office. About noon Mrs. Turner came to speak with me, and Joyce, and I took them and shewed them the manner of the Houses sitting, the doorkeeper very civilly opening the door for us.

Thence with my cozen Roger Pepys, 1 it being term time, we took him out of the Hall to Priors, the Rhenish wine-house, and there had a pint or two of wine and a dish of anchovies, and bespoke three or four dozen bottles of wine for him against his wedding.

After this done he went away, and left me order to call and pay for all that Mrs. Turner would have. In the meantime she and I and Joyce went walking all over White Hall, whither General Monk was newly come, and we saw all his forces march by in very good plight and stout officers. Thence to my house where we dined, but with a great deal of patience, for the mutton came in raw, and so we were fain to stay the stewing of it.

In the meantime we sat studying a Posy 2 for a ring for her which she is to have at Roger Pepys his wedding. After dinner I left them and went to hear news, but only found that the Parliament House was most of them with Monk at White Hall, and that in his passing through the town he had many calls to him for a free Parliament, but little other welcome.

I saw in the Palace Yard how unwilling some of the old soldiers were yet to go out of town without their money, and swore if they had it not in three days, as they were promised, they would do them more mischief in the country than if they had staid here; and that is very likely, the country being all discontented. I returned, and it growing dark I and they went to take a turn in the park, where Theoph. After that I set them as far as Charing Cross, and there left them and my wife, and I went to see Mrs. Ann, who began very high about a flock bed I sent her, but I took her down.

He married, for the third time, Parnell, daughter and heiress of John Duke, of Workingham, co. Suffolk, and this was the wedding for which the posy ring was required. In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries the posy was inscribed on the outside of the ring, and in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries it was placed inside. In the morning at my lute an hour, and so to my office, where I staid expecting to have Mr. Squib come to me, but he did not.

At noon walking in the Hall I found Mr. Swan and got him and Captain Stone together, and there advised about Mr. Here Swan shewed us a ballad to the tune of Mardike which was most incomparably wrote in a printed hand, which I borrowed of him, but the song proved but silly, and so I did not write it out. I was fain to slip from there and went to Mrs.

Jem while her maid is sick, but she could spare none. Carter about it, who will get one against Monday. Ann was in a heat, but I spoke not to her, but told Mrs. Jem what I had done, and after that went home and wrote letters into the country by the post, and then played awhile on my lute, and so done, to supper and then to bed. All the news today is, that the Parliament this morning voted the House to be made up four hundred forthwith. This day my wife killed her turkeys that Mr. In the morning before church time Mr. In the morning to Mr.

Chetwind and Mr. Thomas, but they not being there I went to my father and found her there, and there I dined. To their church in the afternoon, and in Mrs. A stranger preached a poor sermon, and so read over the whole book of the story of Tobit. After sermon home with Mrs. After supper home, and before going to bed I staid writing of this day its passages, while a drum came by, beating of a strange manner of beat, now and then a single stroke, which my wife and I wondered at, what the meaning of it should be.

This afternoon at church I saw Dick Cumberland newly come out of the country from his living, but did not speak to him. Before I went to my office I went to Mr. Calthrop the last week. So back to Westminster and walked with him thither, where we found the soldiers all set in the Palace Yard, to make way for General Monk to come to the House. At the Hall we parted, and meeting Swan, he and I to the Swan and drank our morning draft.

So back again to the Hall, where I stood upon the steps and saw Monk go by, he making observance to the judges as he went along. At noon my father dined with me upon my turkey that was brought from Denmark, and after dinner he and I to the Bull Head Tavern, where we drank half a pint of wine and so parted. I to Mrs.

Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668 Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668
Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668 Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668
Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668 Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668
Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668 Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668
Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668 Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668

Related Diary of Samuel Pepys — Volume 64: April 1668



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