Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah

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Unlocking the Old Testament Part 36 - Song of Songs

It was a device that ancient writers evidently employed to strengthen the emotional impact of what they wrote. Here the girl appears to be speaking about her love, not to him. EBC adds that "It is as if she begins with the wish in her mind and then shifts almost unwittingly to speaking directly to him. Hubbard writes that although the Scripture has much to say about marriage "the Song of Songs is different. Here sex is for joy, for union, for relationship, for celebration. Its lyrics contain no aspirations to pregnancy, no anticipations of parenthood.

The focus is not on progeny to assure the continuity of the line but on passion to express the commitment to covenant between husband and wife. Hubbard, David A. Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon. Dallas: Word Books, Joe Guglielmo - Song - We tend to think that affection is wrong; it is not when that affection is toward your spouse. You should have that kind of affection for your spouse!

May we have that kind of love for our spouse! And in regards to the Bride, His Bride, we are to have that kind of love for the Lord.

An Introduction to the Book of Lamentations | revolexituju.tk

True joy, true satisfaction is found in Him and not in this world. That is the kind of love God wants us to have for Him. That there is nothing else we would desire more than an intimate relationship with Him. Think of it like this to help put it into perspective. That means that God wants us to love Him and not be in love with the world!

I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God Than dwell in the tents of wickedness. Song of Solomon. But there is another side to our search, and it is centered on our hearts. We long to be loved. Many have said the key purpose to life is to love and be loved. We want to experience the satisfaction of loving and of being loved.

This is the central subject of the Song of Songs. Chapter 1 sets the scene as a conversation between several parties. Verse 1 identifies Solomon as the author; verse 2 lets us hear the voice of his beloved. The book lets us listen in on the romance between a young woman and the man she adores. Love, at its inception, is intense and overwhelming. She uses sensory details here, like wine and perfume, to describe the heady feeling of being drawn to another person vv.

We also learn a bit more about who this woman is. She works in the fields v. She feels neglected by family and longs, most of all, to be loved by her suitor. Apply the Word - Have you ever fallen in love? Remember those first moments of seeing that special person? Remember those first words of conversation? Those first glances? The heart has an ability and a need to feel love—both earthly and eternal. It is a good gift from God to remember the pleasure of loving and being loved and to tell our love stories to one another.

Today in the Word. NET - The fragrance of your colognes is delightful; your name is like the finest perfume. No wonder the young women adore you! NLT - How fragrant your cologne; your name is like its spreading fragrance. No wonder all the young women love you! Dummelow - Orientals have always been passionately fond of perfumes. A modern traveler writes: 'Arabs are delighted with perfumes; the nomad housewives make treasure of any they have, with their medicines; they often asked me, "Hast thou no perfumes to sell?

In Israel bodily oils were expensive 1Kgs ff; 2Kgs ff. Possession of oils and perfumes was a sign of prosperity and luxury Deut ; ; Job ; Pr ; Ezek , Wearing cologne was associated with joy Ps ; Eccl ; Isa because they were worn on festive occasions Prov Here in Song the Septuagint Lxx translates shemen with the noun muron which means an ointment, perfume, sweet-smelling substance made not from animal fats but from plants Mt , Lk , 46, Jn , Mk , Jn , 5, et al.

Shemen usually referred to olive oil that was prepared for various purposes. It could also refer to the shortening in cooking 1Ki or the mixing of oil with flour in the baking of bread Ex , Lev ; Shemen played an important part in sacrifices and worship as when Jacob poured oil on top of the stone Ge Shemen was used for anointing a future office holder Ex. Oil was placed on one's earlobe, thumb, and large toe as a ritual cleansing Lev The oil itself was sometimes given as an offering Lev , 16; Ezek However it is notable that the sin offering Lev and the grain offering of jealousy Nu were not to have any oil added to them.

The tabernacle and its contents were consecrated with oil Lev Oil was put upon a person's head as a sign of mourning 2Sa but was also a sign of rejoicing Ps Oil served as fuel for light Ex Oil was a valuable item for trading Ezek Lavish dishes were mixed with olive oil Isa Oil was sometimes used as medication Ezek [cf.

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Lk ; Jas]. Finally, oil was useful as a preservative on leather covering of shields 2Sa Oil, generally olive oil whether pure or prepared for various uses such as perfurne or ointment. It is used times. A synonym is yishar which also means "olive oil. It is generally used in the literal sense, though its metaphoric use is not uncommon.

The oil referred to is generally olive oil Est "oil of myrrh" may be a liquid from of myrrh, or it could be myrrh mixed with oil , and it played a very important role in the life of the ancients. Shemen - v - Gen ; ; Exod ; ; , 7, 21, 23, 40; f, 31; ; , 14f, 28; ; f; ; Lev f, 4ff, 15f; ; , 21; , 12; , 10, 12, 26, 30; ; ; , 12, 15ff, 21, 24, 26ff; , 12; ; ; Num , 16; ; ; , 19, 25, 31, 37, 43, 49, 55, 61, 67, 73, 79; ; ; , 6, 9; , 9, 12f, 20, 28; , 9, 14; ; Deut ; ; ; ; 1 Sam ; , 13; 2 Sam ; ; 1 Kgs ; ; , 31ff; , 14, 16; 2 Kgs , 6f; , 3, 6; ; 1 Chr ; ; ; 2 Chr , 15; ; Ezra ; Neh ; Esth ; Job ; Ps ; ; ; ; ; ; , 24; ; ; Prov ; , 20; , 16; Eccl ; ; ; Song ; ; Isa ; ; ; ; , 4; ; ; ; ; Jer ; ; Ezek , 13, 18f; ; ; ; , 24f; , 7, 11, 14f; Hos ; ; Amos ; Mic , 15; Hag A simile is easily identified by a preceding "as" or "like.

Like is used 47x in 36v - Song , 5, 7, 9, 15; , 3, 9, 17; ; , 2, 3, 4, 5, 11; , 12, 13, 15; , 6, 7, 10; , 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9; , 6, 10, Ask the Spirit, your Teacher to guide you in the correct interpretation of these terms of comparison and this should greatly assist your understanding of this great love letter.

What do you think of when I mention these names? So when he heard about Jesus, he sent elders of the Jews to Him, pleading with Him to come and heal his servant. And when they came to Jesus, they begged Him earnestly, saying that the one for whom He should do this was deserving, "for he loves our nation, and has built us a synagogue.

Song Like a Joe Guglielmo - The Shulamite woman goes on to say that his ointment is good, and ointment is soothing and it releases a fragrance when applied to our lives. This is the reason the girls around the palace loved him — not just because he was handsome though that he was, but because his inner person was so attractive. When we draw close to Him, know His character, we pick up His fragrance and thus, we carry it with us wherever we go. For we are to God the fragrance of Christ among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing.

To the one we are the aroma of death leading to death, and to the other the aroma of life leading to life. And who is sufficient for these things? For we are not, as so many, peddling the word of God; but as of sincerity, but as from God, we speak in the sight of God in Christ. But you will never emanate the fragrance of Jesus unless you are close to Him. Whatever you are close to is what will emanate from your life! Song Like a Song of Solomon. NLT - Take me with you; come, let's run!

The king has brought me into his bedroom. Young Women of Jerusalem How happy we are for you, O king. We praise your love even more than wine. Young Woman How right they are to adore you. Draw me after you - Her description of his love brings forth this cry to take her with him. The heart of the bride-to-be is filled with intense longing for the absent bridegroom. The king has brought me into his chambers - This can also be phrased as a request such as "May the king bring me into his chambers.

Also note that considering the meaning of chambers , she is clearly expressing a normal, healthy desire for intimacy with Solomon cf Pr Heder is used in Joel Bring everyone--the elders, the children, and even the babies. We will rejoice and be glad - "We" is interpreted by most as the daughters of Jerusalem who were friends with the Shulammite.

The women express their approval of Solomon and the romance. By way of application, although our friends do not generally choose our mates for us, their approval can be a source of encouragement. Not Intimacy! Before the king became her lover he must be acknowledged as king. Biblically you must 1st commit yourself to a person before intimacy. Vice-versa is immorality! Good catch! These women are always treated and referred to as a group. They are a group of friends of the young woman. Their presence serves different purposes in the Song. In they function as an external attestation to the qualities of the young man.

They agree with the young woman that this man is indeed desirable. Further, at the end of the poem they celebrate the love that they see existing between the two. At the end of this poem, we see that the woman speaks one last time. She is not jealous but rather takes their words as a confirmation of her own judgment. She was talking about a guy she had just met.

She described his kind eyes, his kind smile, and his kind heart. When I met him I had to agree. In the Song of Solomon the bride describes her lover. His love is better than wine and more fragrant than ointments. His name is sweeter than anything in this world. But there is Someone far greater than any earthly loved one, Someone whose love is also better than wine. His love satisfies our every need. Finally, His name is above every name Phil.

No wonder we love Him! It is a privilege to love Jesus. It is the best experience in life! Do we take the time to tell Him so? Do we express with words the beauty of our Savior? No wonder we love You! Deepen our love for You today, we pray. Help us see Your beauty in new ways. However, most scholars today see it as an anthology of about 20 poems that describe two lovers celebrating their intimate love for each other. Song of Solomon and the book of Esther are the only two biblical books that never mention God. Sim Kay Tee No Wonder! And Janet continued to refuse.

Janet would either agree to marry him or he would move on. As Tedd was about to propose for the last time, Janet told him that she had a gift for him. Curious, Ted unwrapped the package and looked inside to find a beautiful embroidery that Janet had made for him. The first few verses of the Song of Solomon express the same sentiment. As she paints a portrait of the one she loves, she also draws back the veil on her own heart. His love is compared to wine.

His name is like perfume. In the opening verses of this book, however, the bride asks for much more. She does not want a mere peck on the cheek or friendly hug. She invites the groom to take her away and bring her into his chambers. Her plea reflects a common desire we all share. It is His love alone that can satisfy our deepest desire. R C Sproul - Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth—for your love is more delightful than wine.

It is clearly a song about love between a man and a woman, including the physical dimension. Indeed, it celebrates the joys of the marital relationship. Some have questioned whether it belongs in the Bible. It does not seem to be spiritual enough to be included in the canon of Scripture; indeed, some of its intimate language seems downright embarrassing. Early Jewish expositors decided that the Song was really applying romantic love to the relationship between Yahweh and Israel.

According to them, the marriage of the Lord and his people was set forth in the book as an allegory. One of the worst influences of pagan philosophy on the early church was the idea that sexual love is always tainted with evil. Perpetual virginity came to be prized more than marriage. This departs from the Bible, where virginity is a gift to be given to the beloved on the wedding night. Many in the church came to believe that sexual expression, even in marriage, is sinful and should be endured only for the sake of having children.

Naturally, the Song of Songs, which celebrates the joy of physical love, had to be reinterpreted by those whose view of sexuality was so narrow. According to the Bible, however, the marital relationship in all of its aspects, including the physical, is a great gift of God. It is not to be despised, but enjoyed.

From the biblical perspective, marriage is good, including sexual union within marriage. Coram Deo - The Song of Songs can help us have a healthy view of the goodness of romance in courtship and marriage. If you are married, consider doing a study of the book with your spouse. If you are single, read it with the view of preparing to commit yourself totally to the one God might give to you in marriage.

For why should I be like one who veils herself see note below Beside the flocks of your companions? Daughters of Jerusalem or friends to the Shulammite alternatively others favor this as Solomon speaking Shulammite or young woman Song "I am black but lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem picture , Like the tents of Kedar note , Like the curtains of Solomon.

Black but lovely Nevertheless, she remains confident about her own loveliness. The Kedar describes a territory SE of Damascus cf. Ge ; Isa. See also Kedar - Holman Bible Dictionary. First, the name " Qedar " refers to an ancient Arabian tribe of bedouin who lived in tents and inhabited a region in northern Arabia. Their tents were traditionally woven from the wool of black goats. They were not beautiful to look at; they were rough, rustic, rugged, and weather-beaten.

Second, the terms shekhorah, "black" and qedar "Qedar" create a wordplay because the root qadar means "dark, dirty". The point of the comparison is that the Beloved had dark skin and a rugged outdoors appearance because she had been forced to work outdoors, and so her skin had become dark as Song states. Longman - Kedar is a tribe of nomads from the Syro-Arabian desert, mentioned often in the Bible Gen ; Jer — We have no other indication of the color of their tents, but the passage here suggests that they were widely known as being dark in color, perhaps woven from brown or black goat hair, as some modern Bedouin tents are.

This poem is a self-description by the woman. She presents an apology for her appearance and explains why she has come to look the way she does. Her skin is, at least from her perspective, unattractively darkened by exposure to the sun for a contrary viewpoint, see Pope This state of affairs has been brought about by her brothers, who have forced her to labor in the vineyards. They have so forced her because they were angry with her, but the text does not tell us why. Gen The Early Church Father, Origen , demonstrates the ludicrous nature of the allegorical approach which borders on nonsense spiritualizing that the Shulammite's reference to her being dark means the Church is ugly with sin, but when she says she is lovely she is referring to her spiritual beauty after conversion!

This type of comment shows allegorical commentaries are only limited by one's imagination. How can both be possible at the same time? She describes her appearance as black as ''the tents of Kedar. The intense rays of the oriental sun had darkened her Song But if she exclaims, ''I am black,'' her lover responds, ''Thou art all fair, my love; there is no spot in thee'' Song The bride exclaims, ''I am What beauty this must have been! Although she did not see much in herself Song , she had a beauty that was not her own The book contains numerous expressions of mutual affection and admiration.

Yet it also has several confessions of failure on the part of the bride The first four chapters of the Song of Solomon show the lovers basking in each other's love. Not taken care of my own vineyard - cf vineyard in Song , Although this could refer to a literal vineyard, more likely it is a metaphorical way of describing her inability to care for her personal appearance my own vineyard by virtue of the fact that she was caretaker of the vineyards.

Her brothers kept her so busy tending the vineyard, that she had no time to go to the beauty salon! HCSB - Shulammite explained her darkened appearance as the consequence of her brothers' my mother's sons assignment to work outside in vineyards. We later discover they had leased this vineyard from Solomon Song Daughters of Jerusalem - This is a common refrain found some 6 times in this book Song ; ; ; , 16; The identity of these women is not disclosed.

Options include friends and companions of the bride, attendants of the King's palace or interested onlookers. Shulammite or young woman Song 1: 6 "Do not stare at me because I am swarthy of a dark color, complexion , for the sun has burned me. My mother's sons were angry with me; They made me caretaker of the vineyards picture , but I have not taken care of my own vineyard.

Caretaker - Song , It makes her look like a country bumpkin, a low-class laborer. For why should I be like one who veils herself beside the flocks of your companions? Where do you pasture your flock - Here the Shulammite turns her attention from herself and addresses Solomon. Not only was Solomon a King, he was also a shepherd Song , ; Historically Solomon did have many flocks and herds Eccl.

Whom my soul loves - This phrase conveys her deep sense of emotional involvement cf our modern term "soul mates". NAB Marginal Note - Here and elsewhere in the Song Song ; ; , the bride expresses her desire to be in the company of her lover. These verses point to a certain tension in the poem. Only at the end Song does mutual possession of the lovers become final. Longman - If the man does not give her directions, then she will have to proceed from tent to tent and look like a prostitute who is trying to get a customer.

One who veils herself - This phrase has two possible interpretations: 1 It could refer to what a prostitute would do, chasing a man for his favor. If this is the picture, she is saying she is not a loose woman looking for love in all the wrong places. She clearly wants to find the one to whom she is committed. Brian Bell - She changes the subject to him. She shows her king is also a shepherd. Some believe here is why they cannot be one in the same.

So, where do you feed your flocks? Sometimes we just need the Lord! In short, the intent of this verse is not absolutely clear, some seeing it as a disdainful, sarcastic or ironic comment by the women. On the other hand calling her the most beautiful of women is hardly a harsh statement and favors this statement as coming from Solomon.

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Longman favors this as the young man and feels that here "we get our first interchange between the young woman and the young man. Indeed, this is the first time that we hear directly from the young man. The woman invites him to an intimate noontime meeting, and he responds with a provocative tease. Her invitation has a playful tone about it as well, with sexually charged overtones. She asks for directions as to where she might meet him at noon and then implies that she would still try to find him anyway.

She fears lest she look like a paid woman a prostitute who goes out to the shepherds during their breaks in her attempt to find him. The man responds to her question indirectly, leaving an air of mystery, but also implying that he desires her company. More likely, however, their words here are sarcastic Song , 9. He has made everything appropriate beautiful in its time. He has also set eternity in their heart, yet so that man will not find out the work which God has done from the beginning even to the end.

Eccl Listen to this great song In His Time. Lxx translates yapheh with the Greek adjective kalos word study which means good; beautiful, applied by the Greeks to everything so distinguished in form, excellence, goodness, usefulness, as to be pleasing; hence according to the context equivalent to "beautiful, handsome, excellent, eminent, choice, surpassing, precious, useful, suitable, commendable, admirable"; a.

Translated in NAS as - appropriate 1 , beautiful 28 , beautiful one 2 , fair 1 , fitting 1 , handsome 4 , sleek 3. And gravity! Working against you! But age is more accepted here today. Women over 35, 40, 50, 60 are considered beautiful. Is age the enemy of beauty? The answer depends upon what you understand beauty to be.

Physical beauty, the writer of Proverbs warns, is fleeting Pr. Lasting beauty is reflected in character and wisdom. True beauty is created when character and life experience meet. To paraphrase Iman, it is the result of the combination of wisdom, knowledge, and gravity. Forced by her brothers to work in their vineyard, her skin was darkened by the sun. Yet these experiences have only contributed to her beauty.

Suffering, according to the apostle Paul, can teach us to persist in our faith. Persisting in faith and obedience produces Christlike character within us Ro —5. It is not because we enjoy trouble. No one enjoys suffering, not even Jesus cf. The joy that James describes springs from our knowledge of what such trials will produce. Think of a time when God helped you to face a trial with faith and obedience. How did the experience change you? Song "While the king was at his table, my perfume gave forth its fragrance.

King - Song , Song Solomon or young man speaks Song "To me, my darling, you are like my mare among the chariots of Pharaoh picture Song My darling - As discussed in the notes on Song , there is some question about the identity of the speaker in that verse, but such is not the case in the present passage, for now Solomon praises his beloved.

The root meaning of ra'yah is associate, companion or friend. My mare - Now Solomon inserts a surprising simile, comparing the Shulammite to a mare which was a reference to her strength, graceful movement, and beauty, which was a "positive" comment from Solomon who loved horses cf 1Kings Furthermore, a horse in the Near Eastern culture was a cherished companion and not a beast of burden.

In addition, stallions and not mares would pull a chariot of Pharaoh "among the chariots The presence of a mare among stallions in fact would be the ultimate distraction, and so in an indirect way Solomon pays the Shulammite an ultimate compliment regarding her sexual attractiveness! Longman on the metaphor of a mare - The metaphor, as applied to the woman, implies that her beauty is overwhelming and distracting. She drives him crazy with love. In the next verse, he comments further on her beauty, framed as it is by jewelry; and then, finally, in , he makes known his intention to honor her with precious earrings, further enhancing her beauty.

HCSB on Song -Archaeological drawings show jewels decorating bridles of horses, so the imagery of jewels on the cheeks and in necklaces likely extends the metaphor of the mare. Constable has a helpful note - Here Solomon reassured his love. Stallions, not mares, pulled chariots.

This encouragement is often necessary and is always appropriate in such a relationship. We are also unaware what valuable creatures they were in the ancient world. His praise of Shulamith recognized her beauty and her graceful movements. Modern commentators see Pope — understand the metaphor to be built on an ancient military defensive strategy. As chariots attacked, the defenders would let a mare loose, and the hope was that the charging stallions would be distracted and thrown into confusion.

The metaphor, as applied to the woman, implies that her beauty is overwhelming and distracting. In the next verse, he comments further on her beauty, framed as it is by jewelry; and then, finally, in Song , he makes known his intention to honor her with precious earrings, further enhancing her beauty. Cornerstone Biblical Commentary-Song of Songs. Song "Your cheeks are lovely with ornaments, your neck with strings of beads. NET Bible - Your cheeks are beautiful with ornaments; your neck is lovely with strings of jewels.

NLT - How lovely are your cheeks; your earrings set them afire! How lovely is your neck, enhanced by a string of jewels. Carr explains that "The bridles of the chariot horses Song were elaborately decorated with jewels, precious metals, feathers and multicolored leathers and fabrics. The lover transfers to his beloved the image of this decorated beauty. The beauty of her face cheeks is enhanced by the ornaments surrounding it. Daughters of Jerusalem or friends to the Shulammite Song "We will make for you ornaments of gold with beads of silver.

RSB Study Note. Brian Bell - The chorus agrees with him about her beauty by offering to make jewelry for her. Carr - The word for ornaments is the one used above in Song , but these are designed especially for her, made of gold and silver, and perhaps decorated with jewels or small globes of glass. Tyndale OT Commentary. Shulammite or young woman speaks Carr comments on the fragrances she mentions - In all probability, she was not in actual possession of any of these items. Rather, they are similes that express her sweet feelings towards her lover.

The king was at his table - Up to this point the context has been predominantly pastoral flocks, vineyards, etc but not it moves to a royal setting, presumably in Solomon's palace. Solomon the "shepherd" is also Solomon the king. Indeed this is not at all unusual as in this day, kings were not uncommonly referred to as shepherds cf Jehovah's designation of Cyrus of Persia as "My shepherd".

The wealthy and monarchs often dined while reclining on couches that were arranged around the perimeter of a room. This noun is used only 4 times in the OT. Here in Song mecab is translated in the Lxx with the noun anaklisis which means lying or leaning back at a table. Job "It changes direction , turning around by His guidance, That it may do whatever He commands it On the face of the inhabited earth. Song of Solomon "While the king was at his table , My perfume gave forth its fragrance.

Reformation Study Bible - The Hebrew here is an unusual expression, lit. The girl is thinking of the times she and her lover spend alone in the woods. Study Note. Perfume Spikenard - see picture - The spikenard or perfume nard was an expensive ointment imported from India where it was extracted from a plant native to the Himalayas.

If the young woman had purchased it for herself, it would have been at a great sacrifice and was probably her most valuable possession. She honored her beloved by wearing it in his presence, for his enjoyment. The honor was even greater if it was purchased with her limited resources. Longman - she refers to nard, an exotic perfume derived from far-away India. This is her perfume, the scent of which wafts to the man as he lies on a couch, a sensuous scene, to be sure. Years later, they delight in recalling scenes from dates and special moments spent together.

Often, women keep scrapbooks holding everything from photos to ticket stubs and even napkins from very special occasions. Notes and love letters are sometimes stored away in simple boxes for a lifetime. Throughout this division of the Song of Solomon, Scripture reveals special moments and occasions from the courtship of the young woman and young man. Events and scenes from their dating days—particularly those immediately before their union—display their passion and delight in one another and the foundations of their relationship.

Their relationship is not built on mere emotion and feelings, but on mutual respect, honor, and commitment. Their growing excitement and devotion to one another are witnessed as their wedding day approaches. While expressing their desires, they also express their commitment to keep themselves sexually pure until their marriage. As their anticipation of being together grows, so does their love and loyalty to one another. The fact that these two young sweethearts held each other in high regard is obvious from the feelings, words, and actions recorded in the Song.

This section is a compilation of several memorable scenes from their courtship. Parallel statements show some exchanges of their love being bantered about. She honored the king Song As she dined with the king, she became very aware of the pleasing aroma of her own perfume. She then began to think of him as the fragrance of her life and expressed her feelings in romantic terms. Song "My beloved is to me a pouch of myrrh note aka. These verses and the entire book for that matter are among other things a divine testimonial to God's approval on the physical--as well as the emotional and spiritual--aspects of marital love.

God created Adam and Eve for each other, and Christ endorsed the lifelong union of husband and wife Genesis , ; Matthew EBC adds that "In this section the maiden's pet name for her lover— dodi —appears for the first time v. Apparently this word best expressed her joy in him. She uses it twenty-seven times as she speaks to him or about him.

Five times it is used by the women of Jerusalem as they speak of him. Four additional occurrences are in the plural Song , ; ; In each case it seems best, as Carr suggests, to translate the plural form as "love-making. My beloved - 24x in 23v - Song , 14, 16; , 8, 9, 10, 16, 17; ; , 4, 5, 6 twice , Song , 10, 16; , 3; , 11, 13; There are only 2 other uses in the OT - Isaiah , Jeremiah A pouch of myrrh Notice that the location of the sachet conveys the idea of intimacy.

He is as close as he can be. Myrrh a resinous gum from trees in Arabia, Abyssinia and India, was very fragrant and quite expensive highly prized in the ancient world and thus a valuable article for trading and was even used as a "love charm" in the ancient Near East cf Pr , as incense in the worship of Jehovah Ex , for perfuming garments of special people Ps , for preparing girls for visits with Oriental kings Esther , and for embalming corpses John Myrrh was derived from the gum of an Arabian balsam tree.

It was used as a perfume, as a deodorant, in incense, as an anesthetic, and for embalming. Women commonly bundled it into a small pouch and wore it as an aromatic necklace. In comparing the young man to this aromatic necklace, the Shulamite was declaring that he was the beautiful, pleasing fragrance of her life, and that she carried him constantly close to her heart. Carr - Myrrh was a major ingredient in the holy oil used in the tabernacle Ex.

In liquid form it would be carried in small bottles like nard, but it was also used in solid form. This way it could be carried in a small cloth pouch or sachet and worn next to the body. The myrrh was mixed with fat, shaped into cones, and placed on the heads of the guests. As the fat melted from the body heat, the aroma of the myrrh and the anointing oil would fill the room.

Which lies all night between my breasts - Here the Shulammite alludes to the common practice in which women wore a scent bag or pouch of perfume suspended from their neck on a silk thread. EBC comments that "The impact of the girl's lover on her is encompassing and inescapable. Her consciousness of him sweetens her life the way the aroma of a sachet of perfume placed between the breasts makes a girl move in a cloud of fragrance. The thought or sight of him is as pleasant as the aroma wafted from a field of henna blossoms. Love has its own hallowing touch on all of life.

We can translate as:. Song "My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blossoms In the vineyards of En Gedi note. The Shulammite's beloved is like the beautiful, fragrant henna blossoms which were beautiful yellow-white blossoms that gave off a delightful odor and thus were often used for their fragrance or even as an ornament. The Shulammite's picture was of her beloved Solomon as one who is vibrant, alive and refreshing like an oasis in a desert. Cluster of henna blossoms in the vineyards of Engedi - Engedi picture is a lush, lovely oasis district of gardens and vineyards located below a plateau just west of and overlooking the Dead Sea.

It is the wayfarer's delight to come into this beautiful scenery. Archaeological explorations indicate that a significant perfume business was located at Engedi. Engedi was an oasis in the desert. Notice that the young man was not like any ordinary henna bush. The yellow and white blossoms paint a picture of an extraordinary, multi-sensory delight. Temper Longman - She likens the man to a cluster of henna blossoms, another reference to a sensual fragrance. Furthermore, these are not ordinary hennas but hennas from the most romantic place in all of Israel, En-gedi.

En-gedi may still be visited today. Located on the western bank of the Dead Sea, it is an oasis in the middle of desolate wilderness. It has a well, a secluded waterfall, and is filled with lush vegetation—the perfect place for a romantic tryst. Carr on Engedi - All sorts of tropical and semi-tropical plants grow there. Historically, the major crops of the area were exotic spices and plants that were manufactured into cosmetics and perfumes. POSB on Engedi - Engedi is to this day a tropical delight in the midst of a barren, desert wilderness.

This sparkling oasis with its lush vegetation, waterfall the only one in Israel , pools, and cool caves can be compared to a popular vacation spot. It was a welcome sight to those who journeyed through the region. On one occasion she was attending a social event where one of the guests pointed out the large diamond she was wearing. Taylor offered to let the woman try the ring on. Is it wrong for us to use cosmetics and jewelry to enhance our appearance?

Christians disagree on this point. Several New Testament passages warn believers not to make outward appearance the primary focus of their beauty. The apostle Peter makes a similar point, reminding his readers that the primary source of their beauty does not lie in expensive jewelry or fine clothing, but in character. This was how the holy women of the past made themselves beautiful 1 Peter —5. The primary point in these passages is positive rather than negative. In particular, he mentions earrings of gold studded with silver and a necklace of fine jewelry.

In her response, the bride adds perfume to the list of items. Song "How handsome you are, my beloved, And so pleasant! Indeed, our couch is luxuriant! Song "How beautiful you are, my darling, how beautiful you are! Your eyes are like doves. My darling - Picking up from Song which also compared her with an animal compare similar comparisons in Song , Song Obviously, this was his preferred term of endearment for her. It is a word that refers to an associate or companion.

POSB - The repetition of how fair or beautiful she was expresses his utter awe of her loveliness. Seminary president David A. Beautiful yapheh is an adjective meaning lovely, beautiful, describing beauty of women Ge , 14, 2Sa , Esther Good looking or handsome men 2Sa Jerusalem was described as " beautiful in elevation. And one of my favorite verses Song Like a Every use is translated in the Lxx with the adverb plesion Song Like a which means near or close and in the NT is used to describe a neighbor as one near Mt BDAG helps us get a sense of Solomon's use of darling in that plesion Song Like a is a "marker of a position quite close to another position.

POSB on rayah - It is a word that refers to an associate or companion. Eyes are like doves - This looks like a simile comparison but given that the word " like " is added in the translation, it is more accurately termed a metaphor. As noted above, the exact intent is uncertain, but it is clearly a compliment. Doves in Scripture speak of innocence cf Jesus' exhortation in Mt to be "innocent as doves" , without mixture of deceit. Doves are small birds characterized by a tranquil character and symbolic of gentleness or softness.

See RSB Note. Other commentators interpret the comparison to the purity and innocence reflected in her eyes, or to their peaceful softness. Rabbinic teaching emphasized beautiful eyes as a sign of beautiful character. Lehrman adds that "According to Rabbinic teaching, a bride who has beautiful eyes possesses a beautiful character; they are an index to her character. Lehrman, S. London: Soncino Press. Song - "How beautiful you are, my darling, How beautiful you are! Song - "O my dove , in the clefts of the rock, In the secret place of the steep pathway, Let me see your form, Let me hear your voice; For your voice is sweet, And your form is lovely.

Your eyes are like doves behind your veil; Your hair is like a flock of goats That have descended from Mount Gilead. Song - "I was asleep but my heart was awake. A voice! My beloved was knocking: 'Open to me, my sister, my darling, My dove , my perfect one! For my head is drenched with dew, My locks with the damp of the night. Song - "His eyes are like doves Beside streams of water, Bathed in milk, And reposed in their setting. Song - But my dove , my perfect one, is unique: She is her mother's only daughter; She is the pure child of the one who bore her.

The maidens saw her and called her blessed, The queens and the concubines also, and they praised her, saying,. He then tells her how beautiful she is. Today in the Word - Song - In the movie Shrek, Fiona is a princess who has been the victim of an evil spell that removes her beauty at sunset and turns her into an ogre. When the sun goes down, she loses her slim figure and attractive face and is transformed into a monster.

Only when she finds true love is the curse finally broken and she turns into. This twist on a traditional fairy tale suggests that Fiona wanted to be loved not merely for her beautiful exterior but for the beauty she possessed within. In our text today the man speaks to the woman, this young field worker whose skin is darkened from a life of toil.

To him, she is beautiful, and his words must have been thrilling to her heart. Here is someone who adored her, inside and out. The greater point is that the man takes time and care to describe his beloved in such detail. Oh, how beautiful! Oh, how charming! The beginnings of love are filled with words of adoration. He sees us completely and finds us each uniquely beautiful. With God, we are fully known and fully loved. Apply the Word - Look in a mirror. Do you love what you see? Few of us feel completely enamored with our appearance. Listen today to the way you speak about yourself.

Be careful not to mock or put down your own looks. After all, you are wonderfully and beautifully made by God. And you are fully and completely loved. Song Like a. Song "How handsome you are, my beloved, and so pleasant! Indeed, our couch is luxurian t! How handsome your are - Same Hebrew phrase as Song 15, but translated "handsome" since it is speaking of Solomon. Note the list of 14 uses below -- all the other uses refer to the Shulammite. My beloved - specific phrase " my beloved " occurs 24x in 23v - Song , 14, 16; , 8, 9, 10, 16, 17; ; , 4, 5, 6 twice , Song , 10, 16; , 3; , 11, 13; There are only 2 other uses in the entire OT - Isaiah , Jeremiah Our couch is luxuriant - Our divan is verdant, new, prosperous, flourishing.

This speaks of an intimate location. Note that they are not indoors but outdoors with a bed of grass that is surrounded by trees Song It is as private as if they were in a house. Note the rapid fire exchange between the lovers Solomon - Song " beautiful ", Shulamite - Song " handsome ", ; Solomon - Song ; Shulamite - as their expressions of love take on a increasing intensity. Handsome yapheh - see more complete definition is an adjective and is the same Hebrew word translated beautiful yapheh , except that here it is the masculine form. Dear husband.

Dear wife. Can we not learn something from their interchange? Beauty truly is in the eye of the beholder and real beauty is an inner beauty. What would happen to our marriages if husbands and wives told each other not in a patronizing way but with sincerity of heart more often they were beautiful or handsome?! This adjective yapeh is used more in Song of Solomon than any other book Song -"If you yourself do not know, Most beautiful among women, Go forth on the trail of the flock And pasture your young goats By the tents of the shepherds.

Song -"How beautiful you are, my darling, How beautiful you are! Song - "How handsome you are, my beloved, And so pleasant! Song - "My beloved responded and said to me, 'Arise, my darling, my beautiful one, And come along. Song - 'The fig tree has ripened its figs, And the vines in blossom have given forth their fragrance.

Arise, my darling, my beautiful one, And come along! Song - "You are altogether beautiful , my darling, And there is no blemish in you. Song - "What kind of beloved is your beloved, O most beautiful among women? What kind of beloved is your beloved, That thus you adjure us? Song - "Where has your beloved gone, O most beautiful among women?

Where has your beloved turned, That we may seek him with you? Song -"You are as beautiful as Tirzah, my darling, As lovely as Jerusalem, As awesome as an army with banners.

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Song -'Who is this that grows like the dawn, As beautiful as the full moon, As pure as the sun, As awesome as an army with banners? Song pleasant - Is a Hebrew word that pertains to being acceptable and favorable is used of persons who are pleasing and a joy to be around. Solomon had a charming manner about him.

This same word is used to describe David Now these are the last words of David. David the son of Jesse declares, And the man who was raised on high declares, The anointed of the God of Jacob, And the sweet pleasant psalmist of Israel 2Sa My beloved - This specific phrase is found 24x in 23v in the Song of Solomon - Song , 14, 16; , 8, 9, 10, 16, 17; ; , 4, 5, 6 twice , Song , 10, 16; , 3; , 11, 13; Beloved dod means beloved, loved one.

D o d conveys three thoughts 1 the name or address given by one lover to another Song , , ; 2 Love, where it speaks of the adulteress Pr and in a positive sense of the love between Solomon and the Shulammite Song , Love is used symbolically of Jerusalem reaching the "age for love" Ezek Dod speaks of the adultery of Jerusalem in Ezek The point is that they are in the courting stage and while clearly drawn to each other are restraining themselves from having intimate relations, thus presenting the Biblical pattern for preparation for marriage!

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  • This distinction between eres and mishkab is only relative however because eres is used by the harlot in Pr POSB on handsome He was not only handsome—pleasing to the eyes—but also pleasant or charming—pleasing to be with. It is easy to imagine a surprised smile from Solomon as he received this unexpected departure from the pattern of their banter. Her distinction also highlights a key difference in men and women: men are primarily stimulated by what they see, while women are stimulated more by what they feel. Apparently, the young woman treasured the memory of their dates.

    This scene took place on one of their early dates, enjoyed outdoors in the beauty of nature, before the king moved his darling to the palace. The early seeds of their love grew in the house of nature. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover.

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    Lamentations, Book of

    Get A Copy. Kindle Edition , pages. Published December 18th first published August 14th More Details Other Editions 1. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Expositor's Bible , please sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. All Languages. More filters. Sort order. The Quantum Kid rated it really liked it Dec 23, Clyde John Reyes rated it it was amazing Oct 28, James Porcelli rated it did not like it Mar 20, Nadine Newell rated it it was amazing Jan 17, Tauni rated it it was amazing May 14, Radu rated it it was ok Jun 11,

    Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah
    Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah
    Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah
    Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah
    Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah Expositors Bible: The Song of Solomon and the Lamentations of Jeremiah

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