According to legend, while Dasharatha was in the death-bed, he recalled an episode from the days of his youth when he rode to a forest for hunting. Rama, the eldest son of Dasharatha, was forced to leave the kingdom of Ayodhya by his step-mother Kaikeyi. He narrated the tragic event to his beloved and first wife Kaushalya, who was extremely concerned about his deteriorating health. Sensing the arrival of death, Dasharatha expressed regret over the unintentional killing of a young boy named Shravana.
Dasharatha was a skilled archer. He could aim at his target just by listening to the sound coming in from the direction.
Shravana was on the banks of the river Sarayu to fetch water in a pitcher for his blind-parents. As soon as he shot the arrow, he could hear the cry of a human. He rushed to his aid but by then Shravana was badly injured. I wonder what can the reason be that he grieves not? I will ask. When the company heard this discourse of Rama-pandita, explaining the teaching of Impermanence, they lost all their grief. Then Prince Bharata saluted Rama-pandita, begging him to receive the kingdom of Benares. If I go now, I shall not carry out his asking. After three more years I will come.
So these three persons took the slippers, and asking the wise man farewell, went to Benares with their great crowd of followers. For three years the slippers ruled the kingdom. The courtiers placed these straw slippers upon the royal throne, when they judged a cause. If the cause were decided wrongly, the slippers beat upon each other , and at that sign it was examined again; when the decision was right, the slippers lay quiet.
When the three years were over, the wise man came out of the forest, and came to Benares , and entered the park. The princes hearing of his arrival proceeded with a great company to the park, and making Sita the queen consort, gave to them both the ceremonial annointing. The annointing ceremony thus performed, the Great Being standing in a magnificent chariot, and surrounded by a vast company, entered the city, making a circuit right-wise; then mounting to the great terrace of his splendid palace Suchandaka, he reigned there in righteousness for sixteen thousand years, and then went to the heaven.
Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Child marriage was quite common in ancient India In course of time, the queen-wife died. Then he told them the news by repeating the other half-stanza: "Bharata says, king Dasaratha's life is at an end.
Though it is said your father is dead grief overwhelms not you! This stanza of Perfect Wisdom explains the upshot: "Years sixty times a hundred, and ten thousand more, all told, Reigned strong-armed Rama, on his neck the blessed triple fold.
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A collection of stories from the Indian Mythology
Structure of the Tipitaka. To Do. Vinaya Pitaka. The food payasam presented by the divine person was placed in three golden cups. Give these cups to your wives - first to Kausalya, next to Sumitra, and last to Kaika. The queens took the cups and fell at the feet of Vasishta and Dasaratha. Then, Vasishta told them to partake of the food - but only after touching the feet of Rishyasringa, who officiated at the sacrifice.
Kausalya and Kaika kept their cups safe in the shrine and went to their maids to dry their hair, before attending to coiffure. The son of the eldest queen will ascend the throne, as of right; the son of Kaika, the third queen, can ascend the throne according to the promise made by the King at the time of his marriage to her! Why have a son at all, to suffer as a nobody without status and sovereignty?
Far better that a son is not born than be born and get neglected. Soon she reconciled herself; she felt that what the gods decide must happen; none can stop it. Sumitra repented for her negligence of the precious food; she felt that the king would be very upset if he came to know of the mishap. Just then, Kaika came with her gold cup, after tying up her dried hair.
The three were very loving to each other, like sisters bound by one single silken thread of affection. To avoid breaking the sad news to the king, they had another gold cup brought. Kausalya and Kaika poured into it a portion from their own shares so that all could take their seats together in the shrine.
Dasaratha-Jātaka | Wikipitaka - The Completing Tipitaka | FANDOM powered by Wikia
They ate the food payasam while Rishyasringa pronounced his blessings and other elders and scholars chanted auspicious Vedic hymns. The queens then sipped sanctifying water and prostrated before the altar. Time rolled by. News that the queens were pregnant spread among the people. The bodies of the queens took on a shining complexion.
The tenth month arrived. Maids and nurses awaited the happy event and watched over the queens with vigilant care. Meanwhile, they came to know that Kausalya had labour pains. On the way to her palace, they learned that she had delivered a prince!
On the second day, Kaika brought forth a son. The glad tidings filled the entire country with joy. The next day, Sumitra had her labour pains and delivered twin sons. Auspicious signs were seen everywhere. The happy news filled all with immeasurable joy. The earth covered herself with green; trees blossomed all over!
Music filled the air and clouds showered fragrant drops of rain - but only on the apartments where the babies were laid in their cradles! For years he had been immersed in agony that he did not have even a single son, and the birth of four sons gave him indescribable satisfaction and happiness. The king invited brahmins and gave them gold, cows, and land gifts in plenty. He arranged for distribution of money and clothes to the poor and gifted houses for the homeless. He gave food to the hungry. Wherever one cast his eye, he could see people acclaiming the happy event, shouting hurrah!
The subjects gathered in huge assemblies to express their joy in music and dance. Women offered worship to God in gratitude for this act of grace, for they were sure that the birth of the sons to their king was a signal act of divine mercy. Dasaratha invited the preceptor of the royal dynasty, Vasishta, to the palace and, according to his suggestion, got a learned astrologer to write down the horoscopes of the newborn. The twins were born on the third day - the second spring month, the bright half, eleventh day, Aaslesha star, the eleventh astrological yoga of prosperity vriddhi-yoga.
These details were communicated to the astrologer, who was asked to chart and write the horoscopes in consonance with astrological science and inform the king of his inferences therefrom. The family preceptor sat still for a few seconds, lost in meditation. He saw the future years revealed in his yogic vision. Your sons are not just ordinary mortals. They are incomparable.
They have many names and are not human. They are divine beings who have assumed human forms. They are divine personalities. I consider it a great chance to officiate at the naming ceremony of these divine children. The astrologer also approved the day and started writing the list of materials to be kept ready for the ritual. He gave the list to the chief priest and left, loaded with presents that the King granted him. Dasaratha had invitations written for the ceremony and sent them to the feudatory rulers, nobles, courtiers, sages, and scholars throughout his empire, addressing them as befitted their rank and status.
The messengers who carried the invitations were ministers, court pundits, officers, and brahmins, their status being suited to the rank and status of invitees. Ten days passed. The city of Ayodhya was brightened and beautified and made most charming to the eye. Music filled the air and spread over the length and breadth of the kingdom, making people wonder whether celestial angels were singing above.
Fragrance was sprinkled on the streets. The city overflowed with visitors. The sages and courtiers, and no others, could enter the inner apartments of the palace. The rest, whether prince or peasant, had separate quarters arranged for them. Stands were erected in the courtyard of the palace to seat all the guests and invitees. They were accommodated there to watch the naming, with all its attendant ceremonials. Very soon, music rose from the court hall and the chanting of Vedic hymns by brahmins could be heard.
The three queens entered the elegantly decorated hall with the babies in their arms. They shone like divine mothers carrying the Gods Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva. Women waved auspicious lamps before them. Three special seats had been set up for them. Kausalya took her seat first, followed by Sumitra and Kaika. The brahmins started the ceremony, with due attention to detail. They lit the sacred fire and poured oblations with the recitation of appropriate formulae.
Rice grains were poured and spread on golden plates, soft silk cloth was spread on the rice, and the babies were placed on the cloth by the mothers.
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He tried to go near him, as if he liked his company and would fain be near him! Everyone wondered at this strange behaviour. Vasishta was overwhelmed at this and shed tears of joy; he had to wipe his eyes and control himself with much effort. His virtues will bring solace and contentment, joy and happiness, to all.
The yogis and seekers will find a great source of joy in him. The elder one, he felt, would be a hero, a stalwart fighter, and endowed with vast wealth. He knew that he would take delight in the service of God and His consort, Lakshmi, and that service would be the very breath of life for him.
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