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About the Book
Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Travel. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this. Cromwell Austin has been a prolific writer, but at sixty he has made but little reputation as a poet.
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One thing, however, he has in common with his predecessor: his Christian name. Tennyson has occasionally been called Alfred the Great.
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He will be called so oftener hereafter. Cromwell Not only did he publish it in the same year that he would subject himself to the most scrutiny, but it is acknowledged to make poor use of archaic language, lack any semblance of realism, and say nothing except generally acknowledged facts about Alfred. In addition the commonality between the name of the poet and the Anglo-Saxon king gave critics like the editors of Punch a lot of fuel for their satires, including the cartoon and the satirical poem that appears above entitled Alfred to Alfred, which speaks with the voice of King Alfred the Great to cut down the work of Alfred the Little.
In the drama Austin uses a medieval setting and a medieval hero to communicate with his Victorian audience. The selection of the medieval is not chosen for the possibility of lavish sets or for period costumes. Instead it is chosen because of what the subject matter means to the audience and because of its utility as a tool Austin can use to showcase his political stances to the public.
He also uses medievalism to make political statements to other poets about the nature of good poetry.
The SpringTime, O The Spring--Time
Finally, through the medievalism in his poems Alfred Austin communicates what he feels the poet laureate, as a political position, ought to communicate to an eager, and sometimes not so eager, public. Politics and the Poet Laureate. Some of the possible political functions of the position include associating the state with culture and tradition and providing the state with a source of propaganda. Many people, poets and politicians alike, felt that Tennyson so aptly filled the role that perhaps the title should be retired. Cromwell The government found a willing supporter in Alfred Austin.
Alfred Austin Austin also had developed a relationship with Queen Victoria. In , the year of her first jubilee, Austin dedicated his work Prince Lucifer to her. In part the criticism Austin suffered was undeserved — a matter of unfortunate timing and serious ambition. Stuart P. As he writes, he feels himself soothed, sustained, and magnified by the support of the landed gentlemen of England.
He is not, he fancies, dipping his pen into the shallow well of egotism, but into the inexhaustible springs of English sentiment. They should perpetually bear in mind that to the English race, as to the Roman, an imperial commission has been given. However, with these kind of inflammatory statements Austin placed himself forever in the realm of literary politics, a realm that was clearly unkind to him. In works of poetry theory Austin used Byron as an example of good poetry.
The Poetry of the Period was filled with inflammatory essays about contemporary poets, such as Tennyson, the then poet laureate. Cromwell vii, In the fourth essay in the collection he went after Matthew Arnold and William Morris, ironically for seeking escape in the past. Austin critiqued Arnold for escaping to the classical period and Morris for escaping to the Viking period.
Cromwell Instead he tries to become the embodiment of what he claims is good poetry, never completely changing his theoretical standpoint he expressed in his earlier essays despite the passage of years. His poetry does, however, become more political as the poet aged and it is not until after he is made poet laureate that the medieval becomes a staple subject of his poetry.
Much of his criticism of other poets is about how what they write is too feminine. Cromwell This is one of his major criticisms of Tennyson.
The Poetry of Alfred Austin by Alfred Austin on Apple Music
Cromwell 9 It is hard then to separate his poetical theory from his political anti-feminism. Intense patriotism would be both a political stance, as well as a fulfillment of what Austin would consider to be good poetry. And the medieval would be a perfect subject matter.
The Medieval as an Expression of the Political. Cromwell states that he changed because his conservatism grew, because he was satisfied with his temporal lot, but largely because he was driven by imperialist and patriotic zeal. Cromwell 96 But also, even in his completely medievalist works, where the setting and subject are entirely medieval, he is referring to his own historical moment. Austin feels that this is a reference that will mean something in the present to his readers. Alfred Austin could choose from a wide range of British medieval history as a subject of his poetry. His choices reflect his political leanings.
Savonarola: A Tragedy, Macmillan London , Soliloquies in Song, Macmillan London , Victoria: June 20 June 20 , Macmillan London , Lamia's Winter-Quarters, Macmillan London , Spring and Autumn in Ireland, Blackwood Edinburgh , Polyphemus, Heinemann London , Black London , The Poet's Diary, Macmillan London , My poems Titles list. Death is master of lord and clown.
Close the coffin, and hammer it down. Clever job! Like 0. I Let there be Light! X Bound, runnels, bound, bound on, and flow! Sing, merle and mavis, pair and sing! Bound, rivulets, bound, bound on, and flow! Yes, Love is blind.
I had it not. XV She comes from Vicarage Garden, see! Love is yet blinder than I thought. And what, methought, is Doubt at best?
Peace at last! What void regrets at set of sun! Then fall, ye leaves, fade, summer breeze! Grow, sedges, sere on every pool! Farewell, ye woods! If this be peace, enough of it! Fall, unseen foliage, fall! XIX Nay, but repress rebellious woe! XX Where then for grief seek out the cure? What scenes will bid my smart to cease? Follow the gleam! O Land of sunshine, song, and Love!
How vain such thought! What know I that She doth not know? O weary wanderer! O smoke of War! O blood-steeped sod! O groans of fratricidal strife!
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