Electricity Batteries Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents the automated cloth-weaving loom. The punched cards it uses to store patterns help to inspire programmable computers. History of computers Henry and Sealy Fourdrinier develop the papermaking machine. Paper Humphry Davy develops electrolysis into an important chemical technique and uses it to identify a number of new elements.
Electrolyzers Humphry Davy develops the electric arc lamp. Xenon lamps George Stephenson builds the first practical steam locomotive. Steam engines Robert Stirling invents the efficient Stirling engine. Stirling engines s— s Michael Faraday builds primitive electric generators and motors. Electricity generators Electric motors Hub motors Joseph Niepce makes the first modern photograph.
Photography Digital cameras s William Sturgeon develops the first practical electric motor. Electric motors Hub motors s Louis Daguerre invents a practical method of taking pin-sharp photographs called Daguerreotypes. Digital cameras Photography s William Henry Fox Talbot develops a way of making and printing photographs using reverse images called negatives. Digital cameras Photography s— s Charles Wheatstone and William Cooke, in England, and Samuel Morse, in the United States, develop the electric telegraph a forerunner of the telephone. Propellers Charles Goodyear finally perfects a durable form of rubber vulcanized rubber after many years of unsuccessful experimenting.
Rubber s Scottish physicist James Prescott Joule outlines the theory of the conservation of energy. Energy Great physics experiments s Scotsman Alexander Bain invents a primitive fax machine based on chemical technology. Fax machines James Francis invents a water turbine now used in many of the world's hydropower plants. Turbines Water s Henry Bessemer pioneers a new method of making steel in large quantities. Iron and steel s Louis Pasteur develops pasteurization: a way of preserving food by heating it to kill off bacteria.
Pasteurization s Italian Giovanni Caselli develops a mechanical fax machine called the pantelegraph. Car engines Cars, history of s James Clerk Maxwell figures out that radio waves must exist and sets out basic laws of electromagnetism. Radio s Fire extinguishers are invented. Fire extinguisher Elisha Graves Otis invents the elevator with built-in safety brake.
Elevators Joseph Monier invents reinforced concrete. Typewriters Frank Wenham, a British aeronautical engineer, invents the wind tunnel. Wind tunnels Aerodynamics Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone, though the true ownership of the invention remains controversial even today.
How technology created a lonely workplace
Telephones s Thomas Edison develops the phonograph, the first practical method of recording and playing back sound on metal foil. Turbines Thomas Edison invents his sound-recording machine or phonograph—a forerunner of the record player and CD player. Record players Sound Edward Very invents the flare gun Very pistol for sending distress flares at sea. Flares Thomas Edison patents the modern incandescent electric lamp. Incandescent lamps Pierre and Paul-Jacques Curie discover the piezoelectric effect.
Piezoelectricity s Thomas Edison opens the world's first power plants. Power plants s Charles Chamberland invents the autoclave steam sterilizing machine. Autoclaves s Charles and Julia Hall and Paul Heroult independently develop an affordable way of making aluminum. Aluminum s Carrie Everson invents new ways of mining silver, gold, and copper.
Copper Gold Silver Jacques d'Arsonval suggests heat energy could be extracted from the oceans. Digital cameras Plastics Charles Parsons develops the steam turbine. Steam turbines Turbines Karl Benz builds a gasoline-engined car. Car engines Josephine Cochran invents the dishwasher. Dishwashers Friedrich Reinitzer discovers liquid crystals. Pneumatics Nikola Tesla patents the alternating current AC electric induction motor and, in opposition to Thomas Edison, becomes a staunch advocate of AC power.
Morse invents the optical pyrometer for measuring temperatures at a safe distance. Pyrometers s French brothers Joseph and Louis Lumiere invent movie projectors and open the first movie theater. Camcorders Projection TV s German engineer Rudolf Diesel develops his diesel engine—a more efficient internal combustion engine without a sparking plug.
Diesel engines s Russian Konstantin Tsiolkovsky figures out the theory of space rockets. X rays American Ogden Bolton, Jr. Electric bikes 20th century Guglielmo Marconi sends radio-wave signals across the Atlantic Ocean from England to Canada Radio The first electric vacuum cleaner is developed. Vacuum cleaners Brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright build the first engine-powered airplane. Airplanes Jet engines Albert Einstein explains the photoelectric effect. Photoelectric cells Samuel J. Bens invents the chainsaw. Chainsaws Willis Carrier pioneers the air conditioner.
Air conditioners Mikhail Tswett discovers chromatography. Chromatography Leo Baekeland develops Bakelite, the first popular synthetic plastic. Plastics Alva Fisher invents the electric clothes washer. Clothes washer Frederick Gardner Cottrell develops the electrostatic smoke precipitator smokestack pollution scrubber. Air pollution Electrostatic smoke precipitators American industrialist and engineer Henry Ford launches the Ford Model T, the world's first truly affordable car. Car engines Cars, history of German chemists Fritz Haber and Zygmunt Klemensiewicz develop the glass electrode, enabling very precise measurements of acidity.
Lithium-ion batteries Hans Geiger develops the Geiger counter, a detector for radioactivity. Geiger counters Robert Hutchings Goddard, an American physicist, publishes influential ideas on building space rockets. Space rockets Francis Aston pioneers the mass spectrometer and uses it to discover many isotopes.
Mass spectrometers s John Logie Baird develops mechanical television. Farnsworth invents modern electronic television. Goddard develops the principle of the modern, liquid-fueled space rocket. OCR s Albert W. Hull invents the magnetron, a device that can generate microwaves from electricity.
Magnetrons Microwave ovens Karel Capek and his brother coin the word "robot" in a play about artificial humans. Robots John Larson develops the polygraph "lie detector" machine. Polygraphs Thomas Midgley, Jr. Air conditioners Refrigerators The electric refrigerator is invented. Jet engine s Peter Goldmark pioneers color television. Digital pens s Maria Telkes creates the first solar-powered house. Passive solar Solar cells s Wallace Carothers develops neoprene synthetic rubber used in wetsuits and nylon, the first popular synthetic clothing material.
Radar s Arnold Beckman develops the electronic pH meter. Edgerton invents the xenon flash lamp for high-speed photography. Xenon lamps Arne Olander discovers the shape memory effect in a gold-cadmium alloy. Shape memory alloys W. Elwood invents the magnetic reed switch. Reed switches Chester Carlson invents the principle of photocopying xerography. Photocopiers Roy Plunkett accidentally invents a nonstick plastic coating called Teflon. Gore-Tex Nonstick pans Igor Sikorsky builds the first truly practical helicopter.
Helicopters s English physicists John Randall and Harry Boot develop a compact magnetron for use in airplane radar navigation systems. Magnetrons Radar Enrico Fermi builds the first nuclear chain reactor at the University of Chicago. Nuclear power US government scientist Vannevar Bush proposes a kind of desk-sized memory store called Memex, which has some of the features later incorporated into electronic books and the World Wide Web WWW.
Clarke conceives the idea of the communications satellite, a space-based signal "mirror" that can bounce radio waves from one side of Earth to the other. Satellites John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley invent the transistor, which allows electronic equipment to made much smaller and leads to the modern computer revolution. Joseph Woodland patent barcodes—striped patterns that are initially developed for marking products in grocery stores. Barcodes and barcode scanners s Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow invent the maser microwave laser.
Gordon Gould coins the word "laser" and builds the first optical laser in Lasers s Stanford Ovshinksy develops various technologies that make renewable energy more practical, including practical solar cells and improved rechargeable batteries. Batteries Electric bicycles Electric cars Solar cells s European bus companies experiment with using flywheels as regenerative brakes Flywheels s Percy Spencer accidentally discovers how to cook with microwaves, inadvertently inventing the microwave oven. Microwave ovens Indian physicist Narinder Kapany pioneers fiber optics.
A New Watchlist
Nuclear power plants Soviet Union Russia and her allies launch the Sputnik space satellite. Endoscopes Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce, working independently, develop the integrated circuit. Music is no exception. When talking about technology and change, it seems that the arts tend to get left out.
Yet these creative fields always have to most to gain or potentially lose in the long term.
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One creative area that seems to be constantly influenced by the beating waves of technology is the world of music. When you think about it, everyone on some level participates in music. As innovations in hardware and software transcended pop culture, new technology in music has changed the way we listen to music and the ways we create music.
From synthesizers to DAWs or from CD players to iPhones, the landscape of music has changed and is very different from the days of your parents. So, this begs the question, how did music get here? In a world dominated by the digital, digital instruments and digital streams, it is time to take a step back and revisit some of the technology that has brought us to this moment in time in music with the hopes to better understand where the world of music is going.
Here are some of the most important pieces of technology in the world of music. Thomas Edison is known for a lot. However, he is often overlooked for his creation of the phonograph. In short, the phonograph brought music into the living rooms of people across the world. Invented in , music was usually reserved for live performances for the elite in ballrooms or concerts. Think of the phonograph as something like your first music system, vinyl player or even MP3 player sound system.
The phonograph was the first device that was able to reproduce recorded sound, even encouraging the rise in popularity to a host of genres like jazz and blues. Where would we be without the electric guitar? Or perhaps a better question, how many of your favorite songs include an electric guitar? But many people today, believe that the impact of technology on destroying jobs is more prominent than creating them. The impact of technology on our life is integrating rapidly. This technology expansion has raised the concern that it can replace various jobs of the unskilled employ that are not much aware with the recent technological changes.
So, to keep pace with technology the working people need to have more flexibility in work and be a lifelong learner.
Technology - Wikipedia
But not everyone are reluctant to change thus, new technology has a great impact on local job opportunities and this is:. This advancement in technology will force many employs to shift beyond their comfort zone to get along with it and this can cause tension and resistance. On the other hand, there are some Positive Impacts of technology on Unemployment.
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