With more willingness, perhaps, than if the services were to be conducted by a grown-up minister, the other young people in the family enter and sit down in decorous style, while Abe pulls down the Bible, reads a passage, and gives out a hymn. This is sung with more earnestness than musical taste, and then the young preacher begins his sermon.
I am sure we should all like to have been present, and should have listened with interest while the gaunt, awkward boy, gesticulating with his long arms, delivered a homily not original with himself, but no doubt marked by some of his peculiarities. We are told that this young audience, the girls probably, were sometimes affected to tears. Sometimes in the harvest field he mounted a stump and began to talk on political subjects. More than once Thomas Lincoln, going out to the field, found work at a standstill, and a little group collected at one point, Abe being the central figure.
So he would push his way into the crowd unseen by Abe, and would suddenly seize his son by the collar and drag him from his extemporized rostrum. Abe, with a comical smile, would close his speech, to resume it on some more auspicious occasion. I have already said that Thomas Lincoln was a carpenter, though a poor one. Abe sometimes worked with him in the shop, but had no idea of learning the trade.
He preferred to work in the field, and, as he could not fill up his time on the four acres his father cultivated, he hired out to any one of the neighbors who required his services. No prediction could have surprised his employers more than that the tall, awkward youth, who had grown out of his clothes, would hereafter hold in his hands the destinies of the country, and guide it triumphantly to the end of a protracted and bloody struggle.
While there is room for suspicion that Abe was not fond of physical labor, he is said to have worked very satisfactorily for those who employed him. I am tempted to quote from Mr. Elizabeth Crawford of the people among whom Abe lived and some of their peculiarities. At that time we thought it nothing to go eight or ten miles. The old men would start out of their fields from their work, or out of the woods from hunting, with their guns on their shoulders, and go to church. Some of them dressed in deer-skin pants and moccasins, hunting-shirts, with a rope or leather strap around them.
If in warm weather, they would kindle up a little fire out in the meeting-house yard to light their pipes. At such times they were always treated with the utmost of kindness; a bottle of whisky, a pitcher of water, sugar, and glass were set out, or a basket of apples or turnips, or some pies and cakes. Apples were scarce them times. Sometimes potatoes were used for a treat. I must tell you that the first treat I ever received in old Mr. It was something new to me, for I had never seen a raw potato eaten before.
I looked to see how they made use of them. They took off a potato, and ate them like apples. Shaking hands and singing then ended the service. The people seemed to enjoy religion more in them days than they do now. They were glad to see each other, and enjoyed themselves better than they do now. Such is the testimony of an old lady, who, like old people generally, is prone to praise the past at the expense of the present. It was not uncommon for both sexes to discard shoes and dance barefooted. I have no doubt they enjoyed themselves as well, if not better, in this absence of restraint, than their more polished sisters who are to be found in city drawing-rooms to-day.
Brought up in such an unconventional atmosphere, it is not surprising that Abraham Lincoln never set much value upon form and ceremony, and sometimes shocked his more conventional political associates. John B. And all the while the good President did not seem to be aware that he was acting in a manner unbecoming the dignity of a great ruler. Yet he might have been aware of it, and secretly enjoyed the annoyance of his distinguished guests.
I am not prepared to recommend my young readers to imitate Lincoln in this respect, but I wish them to understand how he was affected by his early acquaintances and surroundings. We shall all agree that there are many things more important than polished manners and personal dignity, and we shall find hereafter that Abraham Lincoln, in spite of his homely manners, was a Providential man, who served his country in her hour of need, as probably no other could have done. Thus passed the early years of Abraham Lincoln.
He was approaching manhood, well prepared physically to undertake its responsibilities, but with a very slender stock of knowledge. He had, however, acquired a taste for learning, and was a close, careful, and shrewd observer. He had also the ability to speak fluently in rough-and-ready style on any subject of which he knew anything. Of the world he had seen very little, but his knowledge in that direction was to be extended by a trip down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, which he took at the age of nineteen.
Early in he chanced to be in the employ of Mr. Gentry, the founder of Gentryville, a village which had sprung up since Thomas Lincoln had lived in the neighborhood. I have spoken to father about letting me go on a trading trip down the river, and I should like to have you go with me. He had good reason for preferring Abe to any of his other friends, not only that young Lincoln was very strong and capable, but because he had then, as in after years, a pleasant humor, which showed itself in stories which he had pat for any occasion.
Though homely enough, they were never destitute of point, and were brimming over with shrewd fun.
To a backwoods boy the proposed trip was as fascinating—perhaps more so, notwithstanding the hard work involved—as a European trip nowadays. The craft on which the two young men embarked was a flat-boat, roughly made. It was loaded with a cargo of bacon and other produce, such as it was thought would sell readily down South. Abe was the leader of the expedition, and the business was under his care, inexperienced as he was. He was ready to take the responsibility then as in after years, when he piloted the ship of State with its valuable cargo over rougher waters.
My young readers may be interested to know that he was paid eight dollars per month, eating and sleeping on board, and that he was furnished with free return passage on a steamboat. The custom was to stop at all important points and seek an opportunity to trade. During the night the boat was tied up to the shore, and the two young men slept on board in the little cabin.
Rising as quietly as possible, Abe and Allen Gentry looked out and saw that the invading force consisted of seven stalwart negroes. Now, it requires some courage to get up in the dead of night and confront a gang of thieves, especially when they are seven to two, but the two young men were courageous, and they had no idea of submitting tamely to robbery.
No wonder they were terrified as they surveyed the commanding stature of the stripling and felt his terrible blows. Seven to two as they were, they found discretion the better part of valor, and fled, some jumping into the water. But Allen and Abe were not satisfied with this victory. They felt that they must give their guilty visitors a lesson.
So they chased them far back into the country, and, on returning, thought it best to cut loose and float down the river, lest they should have another call from their unwelcome visitors, possibly reinforced by others of the same stripe. These seven negroes little dreamed that the intrepid young man who so belabored them was destined under the providence of God to be the champion and deliverer of their race from the bondage under which they groaned.
I may add that Abe himself would perhaps have been even more surprised could this have been revealed to him, as, bludgeon in hand, he chased the flying negroes over the meadows. The time consumed in this river trip was about three months. On his return, young Lincoln worked as before, wherever opportunity offered, and probably, being under age, turned in his earnings to the common fund.
But the time was coming when the family were to find a new home. Born in Kentucky, Abe had spent rather more than half his life in Indiana, but a new State—the one which now claims him as her most distinguished son—was soon to receive him. In the spring of , Thomas Lincoln pulled up stakes and moved to Illinois.
But his immediate family was smaller now than when he left Kentucky. However, there were the step-children, and the families of Dennis Hanks and Levi Hall, so that the company numbered thirteen in all. Abe and his cousin John broke up fifteen acres of land and split rails enough to serve as a fence. But young Lincoln was now nearing the age of twenty-one. Largely because of his affection for his step-mother, to whom he was always ready to acknowledge his obligations, he had remained about home much longer than many sons, who forget filial duty under the impulse of ambition or enterprise.
So his twenty-first birthday found him still a member of the home household. Then, naturally enough, he felt that it was time to set up for himself. So in March or April he left home, but he seemed to have formed no definite plans—none at least likely to carry him far away from home. He was a candidate for labor, and took whatever offered, but the proceeds went into his own pocket. I quote from Dr. Holland in reference to this period:. He was known to be very poor, but he was a welcome guest in every house in the neighborhood. This informant speaks of splitting rails with Abraham, and reveals some interesting facts concerning wages.
Money was a commodity never reckoned upon. Abraham split rails to get clothing, and he made a bargain with Mrs. Nancy Miller to split four hundred rails for every yard of brown jeans, dyed with white walnut bark, that would be necessary to make him a pair of trousers. In those days he used to walk four, six, and seven miles to his work. My young readers will be interested in a story which relates to this time. Abe was working for a Mr. So the man followed the farmer to the back of the house, where young Lincoln lay extended at full length on the ground in the shade.
Could he have looked forward with prophetic ken, he would have felt honored by such chance association with a man destined to be President of the United States. I am sorry that some doubts are thrown upon this story, but I have ventured to tell it, for the vivid contrast between the position which young Lincoln undoubtedly occupied at that time and that which in after years he so adequately filled. With him were associated John Hanks and John Johnston. Their employer was a Mr.
Denton Offutt, of Lexington, Kentucky, and a part of the cargo consisted of a drove of hogs. Each of the three was to be paid at the rate of fifty cents per day, and the round sum of sixty dollars divided between them. Abe considered this very good pay, and was very glad to make the engagement.
The three young men not only managed the boat, but built it, and this retarded the expedition. We read with some interest that while they were boarding themselves at Sangamontown, while building the boat, Abe officiated as cook to the entire satisfaction of his associates. Lincoln saw it; his heart bled, he said nothing much, was silent from feeling, was sad, looked bad, felt bad, was thoughtful and abstracted. I can say, knowing it, that it was on this trip that he formed his opinions of slavery.
It run its iron in him then and there,—May, I have heard him say so often and often. The stranger announced his name with evident pride, and young Lincoln recognized it as that of a man who had a high reputation as an amateur pugilist. Abe valued his popularity among the boys, and, though he did not feel sure of the result, he felt that it would not do to back out.
He would lose his reputation, which was considerable. Though Daniel Needham was older and more firmly knit, Lincoln was sinewy and strong, and his superior height, and long arms and legs gave him a great advantage—sufficient to compensate for his youth and spareness. The result was that Abe achieved victory in short order. He threw his older opponent twice with so much ease that Needham rose to his feet very much mortified as well as astonished. He had hoped that, though not shrinking from a friendly wrestling contest, Abe might hesitate to meet him in a more serious encounter.
I have told this story partly because I know my young readers would be interested in it, partly to give an idea of the strength and athletic power of the hero of my story. But wrestling contests would not earn a living for young Lincoln. He was in search of employment, and found it. As one thing leads to another, the same man who had sent him to New Orleans in charge of a flat-boat, opened a store at New Salem, and needing a clerk, bethought himself of young Lincoln. Abe unpacked the goods upon their arrival, and worked energetically to put them in order. In the readiness with which he turned from one thing to another, Abe might well be taken for a typical Yankee, though born in Kentucky.
As a clerk he proved honest and efficient, and my readers will be interested in some illustrations of the former trait which I find in Dr. One day a woman came into the store and purchased sundry articles. They footed up two dollars and six and a quarter cents, or the young clerk thought they did. We do not hear nowadays of six and a quarter cents, but this was a coin borrowed from the Spanish currency, and was well known in my own boyhood.
The bill was paid, and the woman was entirely satisfied. But the young store-keeper, not feeling quite sure as to the accuracy of his calculation, added up the items once more. To his dismay he found that the sum total should have been but two dollars. It was a trifle, and many clerks would have dismissed it as such.
But Abe was too conscientious for that. This, however, did not alter the matter. It was night, but he closed and locked the store, and walked to the residence of his customer. Arrived there, he explained the matter, paid over the six and a quarter cents, and returned satisfied. If I were a capitalist, I would be willing to lend money to such a young man without security. The young clerk weighed it out, and handed it to her in a parcel. This was the last sale of the day. The next morning, when commencing his duties, Abe discovered a four-ounce weight on the scales.
It flashed upon him at once that he had used this in the sale of the night previous, and so, of course, given his customer short weight. I am afraid that there are many country merchants who would not have been much worried by this discovery. Not so the young clerk in whom we are interested. A man who begins by strict honesty in his youth is not likely to change as he grows older, and mercantile honesty is some guarantee of political honesty. The young clerk was waiting upon two or three ladies, when a noted bully entered the store, and began to talk in a manner offensive not only to the ladies, but to any person of refinement.
No sooner had they left than the bully broke out into a storm of abuses and insults. Abe, when they were fairly outside, thought there was no need of further delay. It is safe to say that the fellow never wanted another dose of the same medicine. It will further interest my young readers to learn that, so far from feeling a grudge against Lincoln, the bully became his fast friend, and behaved henceforth in a more creditable manner. Knowing well the defects of his education, it occurred to him that he could use profitably some of his leisure by employing it in study.
He knew little or nothing of English grammar, and this was likely to interfere with him if called upon to act in any public capacity where he would be required to make speeches. It must be remembered that educational books, and indeed books of any kind, were scarce in those days. I am sure it will strike some of my young readers who dislike grammar, as odd that he should be willing to take so long a walk with such an object in view; but they too might do the same if they were as earnestly bent upon self-improvement as our hero.
It is enough to say that he succeeded in obtaining the coveted book, and began at once to study it. Sometimes he was able to go out of doors and lie under a shade-tree; at other times he stretched his long, ungainly form on the counter and pored intently over the little book. He was once more out of employment. Now it happened about this time that the peace of this region was disturbed by a series of Indian difficulties. Black Hawk, a chief of the Sacs, was the instigator and Indian leader.
He was a man of commanding presence and superior abilities. In defiance of a warning given him by General Atkinson, commanding the United States troops at Rock Island, he left his reservation, and announced his intention of ascending the Rock River to the territory of the Winnebagoes. The force under General Atkinson being small, he issued a call for volunteers.
One company was raised in New Salem and the vicinity, and Lincoln enlisted. Though without military experience, he was elected to the post of Captain by a large majority of the company, and accepted, This was a tribute to his popularity among his friends and neighbors. Though the Black Hawk campaign was in no way remarkable, and involved very little fighting, it is noteworthy, as Dr.
Holland remarks, that two men afterward Presidents of the United States were engaged in it. These were Zachary Taylor and Abraham Lincoln. It was during the political campaign when General Cass was the Democratic candidate, and was intended to ridicule the claims of his friends, that he had rendered distinguished military service to the republic. Yes, sir, in the days of the Black Hawk war, I fought, bled, and came away. It is quite certain I did not break my sword, for I had none to break; but I bent my musket pretty badly on one occasion.
If General Cass went in advance of me in picking whortleberries, I guess I surpassed him in charges upon the wild onions. When Mr. Lincoln himself became a candidate for the Presidency, an attempt was made to make capital for him out of this military episode, but fortunately he possessed more substantial claims than this. As the incident is characteristic of Lincoln, and shows his love of justice and humanity, I will transcribe, as better than any paraphrase of my own, the account given by Mr.
Lamon in his Life of Lincoln:. He professed to be a friend of the whites; and, although it was an exceedingly perilous experiment for one of his color, he ventured to throw himself upon the mercy of the soldiers. But the men first murmured, and then broke out into fierce cries for his blood. It was a letter of character and safe conduct from Gen. Cass, pronouncing him a faithful man, who had done good service in the cause for which this army was enlisted. But it was too late; the men refused to read it, or thought it a forgery, and were rushing with fury upon the defenceless old savage, when Capt.
Lincoln bounded between them and their appointed victim. During the whole of this scene Capt. Lincoln seemed to rise to an unusual height of stature. They paused, listened, fell back, and then sullenly obeyed what seemed to be the voice of reason as well as authority. But there were still some murmurs of disappointed rage and half-suppressed exclamations, which looked toward vengeance of some kind.
At length one of the men, a little bolder than the rest, but evidently feeling that he spoke for the whole, cried out:. He looked down upon these varlets who would have murdered a defenceless old Indian and now quailed before his single hand, with lofty contempt. The oldest of his acquaintances, even Bill Green, who saw him grapple Jack Armstrong and defy the bullies at his back, never saw him so much aroused before.
Lincoln understood his men better than those who would be disposed to criticise his conduct. He has often declared himself that his life and character were both at stake, and would probably have been lost had he not at that supremely critical moment forgotten the officer and asserted the man.
To have ordered the offenders under arrest would have created a powerful mutiny; to have tried and punished them would have been impossible. They could scarcely be called soldiers; they were merely armed citizens, with a nominal military organization. They were but recently enlisted, and their term of service was about to expire. Had he preferred charges against them, and offered to submit their differences to a court of any sort, it would have been regarded as an act of personal pusillanimity, and his efficiency would have been gone forever. Then, as afterward, Lincoln proved to be the man for the emergency.
This humble captain of volunteers was selected by Providence to guide and direct his countrymen in the greatest and most bloody civil contest that was ever waged, and at all times of doubt, danger, and perplexity he manifested the same calm courage, the same firm resolution, and the same humanity, which made him at the age of twenty-three the intrepid champion of a friendless old Indian.
My young readers will have noticed how extremely slender thus far had been the educational advantages of young Lincoln. Of the thousands of men who have risen to eminence in this country from similar poverty, few have had so little to help them. In England the path of promotion is more difficult, and I doubt whether any one circumstanced as Abraham Lincoln was could ever have reached a commanding position. It will be interesting in this connection to read the statement made by John Bright at his recent installation as Lord Rector of Glasgow University. It will show what a difference there is between limited advantages in England and in America:.
But there was not much Greek—not so much that any trace of it is left. There was nothing in the shape of mathematics or science. Looking at education as you take it, I am a person who had the misfortune to have had almost none of it in my youth. You will not, therefore, be surprised if I feel a certain humiliation in seeming to teach you anything, and if I feel a strong sense of envy—but not a blamable envy—that I never possessed the advantages which are placed within your reach. But if I had no education such as colleges and universities give, if my school-life ended at the precise time when your university career begins; if I am unknown to literature and to science and to arts, I ask myself what is it that has brought me within the range of your sympathies—brought me to this distinguished position?
I suppose it must be because you have some sympathy with my labors. Had Lincoln possessed one-half the educational equipment of John Bright when he entered upon political life he would have felt much better satisfied. Abraham Lincoln on his return from the Black Hawk campaign was twenty-three years old. Though he was about as poor as he had always been, he was rich in the good opinion of his friends and neighbors. This is evinced by an application then made to him to allow himself to run for the Legislature. He consented, though surprised at the request, and polled a vote considerably in advance of other candidates of the same party.
In New Salem he polled an almost unanimous vote, men voting for him without regard to party lines. Still, he was defeated. A brief speech which he made during the canvass has been preserved, and, as it is characteristic, I quote it:. I am humble Abraham Lincoln. I am in favor of a national bank. I am in favor of the internal improvement system and a high protective tariff.
These are my sentiments and political principles. If elected, I shall be thankful; if not, it will be all the same. It will be seen that Mr. Lincoln had cast in his lot with the Whig party—the party of whom Henry Clay was at that time the most distinguished representative, and for whom the young man had a strong admiration. The great problem of how he was to make his living had not yet been solved by young Lincoln. An opportunity, however, offered for him to buy out a stock of goods owned by a man of Radford, in connection with a man named Berry.
This supplied him employment for a time, but not of a profitable nature, for his partner proved a hindrance rather than a help, and failure ensued. About this time he received his first political appointment—that of postmaster—from the administration of General Jackson. It brought in very little revenue, but gave him a privilege which he valued of reading all the newspapers which came to the office.
The office seemed to have been conducted in free and easy style. When the young postmaster had occasion to go out he closed the office and carried off the mail matter in his hat. When his store was closed permanently, young Lincoln received an offer from the surveyor of Sangamon County to undertake all his work in the immediate neighborhood of New Salem. Though Lincoln knew nothing of surveying, either practically or theoretically, he qualified himself for the work, procured a compass and chain, and went to work.
Two years later Lincoln ran again for the Legislature, and this time he succeeded. Among his colleagues was Major John T. He was a previous acquaintance of young Lincoln, and their present companionship strengthened the interest of the older man in his struggling young friend. If books are all you need, I have a large law library and will lend you what you need. This was not an offer which young Lincoln could afford to slight. At the close of the canvass he walked to Springfield, called at the office of his friend Stuart, and returned to New Salem with a load of books, which he forthwith began to read and study.
He never lost a moment that might be improved. It is even said that he read and recited to himself on the road and by the wayside, as he came down from Springfield with the books he had borrowed from Stuart. It was not long until, with his restless desire to be doing something practical, he began to turn his acquisitions to account in forwarding the business of his neighbors. This species of country student practice was entered upon very early, and kept up until long after he was a distinguished man in the Legislature.
But in all this he was only trying himself; as he was not admitted to the bar until , he did not regard it as legitimate practice, and never charged a penny for his services. Young Lincoln took part in the legislative work of the first session during which he served as a member, but did not push himself forward. He listened and took notes of what was done, and how it was done.
He was assigned to an honorable place on the Committee on Public Accounts and Expenditures. It was about this time that he saw for the first time Stephen A. Douglas, with whom he was in after years to be associated in the memorable canvass for the Senatorship. Douglas, who was only about five feet in height, was also slender, and in personal appearance presented a striking contrast to the long-legged young legislator who overtopped him by more than a foot.
Two years later, in , Douglas, as well as Lincoln, was elected to the Legislature, and they served together. In public life, therefore, Lincoln preceded Douglas by two years, but the latter advanced much more rapidly and became a man of national reputation, while Lincoln was still comparatively obscure.
We are told by Mr. Lamon, that Mr. Lincoln got his license as an attorney early in , and commenced practice regularly as a lawyer in the town of Springfield, in March of that year. It is with this place that his name was associated for the remainder of his life. Though it contained at that time less than two thousand inhabitants, it was a town of considerable importance. The list of the local bar contained the names of several men of ability and reputation. Stephen A. Douglas, already referred to, was public prosecutor in Judge Stephen T. Logan was on the bench of the Circuit Court.
There was John T. Stuart also, who had recommended young Lincoln to become a lawyer, and was now his partner. It was small and poorly furnished. Lincoln slept in the office, and boarded with Hon. William Butler, who appears to have been a politician and wire-puller. At last, then, after a youth of penury, a long hand-to-hand struggle with privations in half a dozen different kinds of business, we find our hero embarked in the profession which, for the remainder of his life, he owned as mistress. He is twenty-eight years of age, with some legislative experience, but a mere novice in law.
But he was ambitious, and in spite of his scanty equipment as regards book-knowledge, he made up his mind to succeed, and he did succeed. It illustrates not merely Mr. A preliminary examination was gone into, at which the accuser testified so positively, that there seemed no doubt of the guilt of the prisoner, and therefore he was held for trial. Every improper incident in the life of the prisoner—each act which bore the least semblance of rowdyism—each school-boy quarrel—was suddenly remembered and magnified, until they pictured him as a fiend of the most horrible hue.
As these rumors spread abroad they were received as gospel truth, and a feverish desire for vengeance seized upon the infatuated populace, whilst only prison bars prevented a horrible death at the hands of the populace. The events were heralded in the county papers, painted in the highest colors, accompanied by rejoicing over the certainty punishment being meted out to the guilty party. Lincoln, volunteering his services in an effort to save the youth from the impending stroke. Gladly was his aid accepted, although it seemed impossible for even his sagacity to prevail in such a desperate case; but the heart of the attorney was in his work, and he set about it with a will which knew no such word as fail.
Feeling that the poisoned condition of the public mind was such as to preclude the possibility of impanelling an impartial jury in the court having jurisdiction, he procured a change of venue and a postponement of the trial. He then went studiously to work, unravelling the history of the case, and satisfied himself that his client was the victim of malice, and that the statements of the accuser were a tissue of falsehoods. The examination of the witnesses for the State was begun, and a well-arranged mass of evidence, circumstantial and positive, was introduced, which seemed to impale the prisoner beyond the possibility of extrication.
Lincoln arose, while a deathly silence pervaded the vast audience, and, in a clear and moderate tone, began his argument. Slowly and carefully he reviewed the testimony, pointing out the hitherto unobserved discrepancies in the statements of the principal witness. The witness had stated that the affair took place at a certain hour in the evening, and that, by the brightly shining moon, he saw the prisoner inflict the death-blow with a slung-shot.
Lincoln showed that at the hour referred to, the moon had not yet appeared above the horizon, and, consequently, the whole tale was a fabrication. But the advocate was not content with this intellectual achievement. He drew a picture of the perjurer so horrid and ghastly, that the accuser could sit under it no longer, but reeled and staggered from the court-room, whilst the audience fancied they could see the brand upon his brow. All repaired immediately to the court-house, and whilst the prisoner was being brought from the jail, the court-room was filled to overflowing with citizens from the town.
As I cast a glance behind, I saw Abraham Lincoln obeying the Divine injunction by comforting the widowed and fatherless. When a lawyer can so bravely and affectionately rescue the innocent from the machinations of the wicked, we feel that he is indeed the exponent and representative of a noble profession. It is unfortunate that lawyers so often lend themselves to help iniquity, and oppress the weak. Lincoln always did his best when he felt that Right and Justice were on his side.
When he had any doubts on this point, he lost all his enthusiasm and his courage, and labored mechanically. He believed in justice, and would not willingly act on the wrong side. On one occasion he discovered that he had been deceived by his client, and informed his associate lawyer that he Lincoln would not make the plea.
Convinced, nevertheless, that his client was wrong, he would not accept any part of the handsome fee of nine hundred dollars, which he paid. Only an honest and high-minded lawyer would have acted thus. Practicing law in those days, and in that region, had some peculiar features.
Indeed, it is likely that, upon the whole, he enjoyed it, and that these journeys increased his natural shrewdness and knowledge of human nature, and furnished him with no inconsiderable part of the apposite stories which he was wont to quote in later years. Here is an incident which will amuse my readers. It is told by Mr. Francis E. The weather was rainy, the road heavy with mud of the Southern Illinois pottery, never to be imagined as to its blackness and profundity by him who has not seen it, and assuredly needing no description to jostle the memory of one who has.
Lincoln enlivened the way with anecdote and recital, for few indeed were the incidents that relieved the tedium of the trip. This little incident is given to show that Mr. Lincoln did not confine his benevolence to his own race, but could put himself to inconvenience to relieve the sufferings of an inferior animal. In fact, his heart seemed to be animated by the spirit of kindness, and this is one of the most important respects in which I am glad to hold him out as an example to the young. The young lawyer, successful as he was in court, did not make money as fast as some of his professional associates.
Moreover, he was modest, and refrained from exorbitant charges, and he was known at times to remit fees justly due when his client was unfortunate. One day he met a client who had given him a note, nearly due, for professional services. I have been disabled by an explosion, and that has affected my income. As to the note, here it is. No doubt many lawyers would have done the same, but it so happened that Lincoln was at that moment greatly in need of money, and was obliged to defer a journey on that account. It was not out of his abundance, but out of his poverty, that he gave.
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Eager and the mermaid The ban against building self-aware robots has been lifted and Eager can finally come out of hiding. But his freedom is short-lived and humans need the robots' help. They lack the expertise to solve a growing technological crisis on earth. Eager series Any two titles read from this series can be included as official Challenge books; up to five more titles can be included as your personal choice books.
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Eagle For years Ying has been using his dragon style kung fu to gain vengeance over those who he feels have wronged him. The problem is that his whole life has been shrouded in mystery, even he does not know the truth behind his heritage. Eagle in the snow, An Barney's home in Coventry has been bombed along with most of the other houses in the street so he and his mother are on a train to Cornwall. But even a train is not safe as it comes under fire by a couple of Messerschmitt aircraft, only just escaping destruction in a tunnel.
Barney's fear of the dark is gradually eased when a stranger begins a story as they wait for the all clear. And what a story it is. A young soldier in World War 1 became the most decorated Private of that war due to his bravery, loyalty and mateship. But one of his actions, at the time seen to be the right thing to do, turned out to have some terrible consequences. It is up to him to make things right. Eagle of the east Ardavan is a young Parthian soldier whose mother was a Roman.
After the disastrous Battle of Carrhae, many Roman soldiers lie dead on the battlefield and the survivors must serve Parthia as mercenaries. Able to communicate with both sides, Ardavan is raised to a special position where he and the beautiful Shara must survive in a world of intrigue and plots. Usually read by students in Years 9, 10 or above. Eagle of the Ninth, The A young officer in Roman Britain sets off to discover what happened to the Ninth Legion, a legion that disappeared in the mists.
Eagle strike Alex Rider survives a bullfight, a high-speed bicycle chase through Amsterdam and even being the target in a human video-game, only to face his most disturbing challenge yet. Eagle strike: The graphic novel Relaxing in France, reluctant MI6 agent Alex Rider is finally able to feel like any ordinary fourteen year old.
But, a sudden, ruthless attack on his hosts plunges him back into violence and mystery. Alex is determined to track down his friends' attackers, even if he must do it alone. But, it leads to a long-buried secret and a discovery more terrible than anything he could have imagined. Alex has ninety minutes to save the world. Early sea exploration Explore the fascinating story of Australia, from its ancient Indigenous past to the present day, through the biographies of significant people.
Find out how these people brought important changes to Australian society through their knowledge, actions or achievements. Early settlements Explore the fascinating story of Australia, from its ancient Indigenous past to the present day, through the biographies of significant people. Earth Fascinating facts about our planet, Earth, and the solar system. Includes photographs, a glossary and websites links.
Earth matters From the deepest oceans to fiery deserts, from tropical jungles to icy mountains, explore and get close to the places or biomes that make our world so special. Includes stunning photographs, charts, maps, web links and a glossary of terms.
Earth to Daniel I felt like a visitor from another planet instead of a normal human being who actually belonged on planet Earth. Daniel has moved and has to start at a new school. And to make matters worse, his mum is his new school principal! As if things are not bad enough, when his dad goes overseas, his mum starts to act really strange and does some really embarrassing things. Daniel wonders if this has anything to do with an illness that she had a long time ago.
His mum needs help and it looks like Daniel has to be the one to save her. Earthfasts Time travel and adventure intersect in this initial volume of the trilogy of the same name. Earthquakes Nobody really knows how many earthquakes occur in any given year because many go unrecorded. But, when the earth shakes, rattles and rolls, the impact can be severe when buildings collapse and fire, landslides, avalanches and tsunamis result. Find out about the major earthquakes and their causes.
Eyewitness accounts and dramatic photography tell the story of the world's deadliest earth movements. Earthquakes This series presents the science behind some of the world's worst natural disasters. Find out what causes these catastrophic events, where they happen, how warning systems work and what disaster relief is provided. Includes photographs, maps, disaster files and a glossary of terms. Earthsea series, The Beautifully written series, with complex and intricate plots in a plausible fantasy world. Any two books from this series may be read as Challenge books; up to five more can be read as personal choice books.
Go to the Series lists for individual book titles. Earthsong The earth appears safe again and must be recolonised but strange relationships have evolved and our futuristic Adam and Eve face many new dangers. Their computerised companions are wonderful. Eat the sky, drink the ocean A collection of science fiction and fantasy writing, including six graphic stories, showcasing twenty exciting writers and artists from India and Australia.
Dive into these stories and see how girls cope with the dangers of worlds gone mad. Every story is a journey and each story has its own magic. Includes some violence. Eating things on sticks Harry has burned down the house by mistake. He is saved from having to stay at Aunt Susan's because he can blackmail his Uncle Tristram over the cat incident.
So, they are off on holidays with the very comely Morning Glory on her strange island home where Harry will very much be the gooseberry, and a trouble-making one at that, and they will start by eating nettle pancakes and end up eating things on sticks. Echidna Interesting facts about the unusual life of Australia's echidna.
The Wind in the Willows
Excellent diagrams and photographs show the different stages of development. Includes a fact file and glossary of terms. Echo after echo Zara Evans has come to the Aurelia Theater, home to the visionary director Leopold Henneman, to play her dream role in Echo and Ariston, the Greek tragedy that taught her everything she knows about love. When the director asks Zara to promise that she will have no outside commitments, no distractions, it's easy to say yes.
But it's hard not to be distracted when there's a death at the theater, and then another, especially when Zara doesn't know if they're accidents, or murder, or a curse that always comes in threes. It's hard not to be distracted when assistant lighting director Eli Vasquez, a girl made of tattoos and abrupt laughs and every form of light, looks at Zara.
It's hard not to fall in love. Usually read by students in years 9, 10 and above. Eclipse Newborn vampires are terrorising the residents of Seattle and Bella again finds herself in grave danger. To help control the mounting chaos, Bella must try to bring the feuding vampires and werewolves together, and decide between her love for Edward and her friendship with Jacob.
Eddie Dickens series Any two titles read from this series can be included as official Challenge books; up to five more titles can be included as your personal choice books. Edge of extinction The age of man is over, reintroducing dinosaurs to Earth was an unsurprisingly bad idea. Sky Munday breaks free from her compound to face the surface, the dinosaurs and maybe even to find her missing father.
Who will kill her first, her former compound community, or the reptilian predators above? Edsel Grizzler series Any two titles read from this series can be included as official Challenge books; up to five more titles can be included as your personal choice books. Edsel Grizzler: ghostly shadows Edsel and his friend, Jacq, are digging a hole under the blazing Widen sun but they don't know why. And, when they finally make their way to Grand City, the list of things they don't know just gets longer and longer. Everything they see and everything they're told just makes them more confused.
They hover between dreams, hallucinations, reality and unreality. Edsel Grizzler: rescue mission The adults have fled Verdada, the kids are in chaos and lost things keep turning up to Edsel Grizzler. Edsel receives desperate messages to return to Verdada to help.
Find out if Edsel really is the key to their survival.
Edsel Grizzler: voyage to Verdada Edsel has been transported to a parallel dimension where every child stays forever young, has many friends, doesn't go to school and plays most of the day. Edsel begins to feel uneasy when he is always called Robert, every wave at the beach is identical and he begins to forget his family. Education of Little Tree, The A classic story set in the s about an orphaned boy who goes to live with his Cherokee grandparents in the mountains of Tennessee.
His education is not formal but an ancient native wisdom and way of life. Egg and spoon Elena Rudina lives with her dying mother in the impoverished Russian countryside. One day, a train arrives carrying untold wealth, a cornucopia of food, and Ekaterina, a girl of Elena's age. When the two girls' lives collide, an adventure begins that includes mistaken identity, a monk locked in a tower, a prince travelling incognito and a wise-cracking Baba Yaga, a witch who lives in a house perched on chicken legs. Egg drop A quirky story about a young, independent egg who wants to fly. The egg doesn't want to wait or listen to advice.
Egg monsters from Mars It's the size of a softball. It's covered with blue and purple veins. It's the egg that Dana Johnson finds at Easter time--and it's no yolk! Neither is the slimy yellow creature inside. Is it really an egg monster from Mars? Egghead Paddy is excited when his teacher announces a week-long experiment. He imagines an awesome experiment with interesting potions and eruptions.
Too bad the experiment is not what it's cracked up to be. Eglantine: a ghost story Allie and her family move into a new home. The last thing they expect is an unwanted guest. But Bethan's room seems to be inhabited by a ghost who writes on the walls. Layers of paint, experts on psychic phenomena and Feng Shui don't help.
Eight cousins Rose's guardian, Uncle Alec, makes her eat healthy things like oatmeal, and even tries to get her to give up her pretty dresses for drab, sensible clothes. Rose doesn't think she will ever get used to her uncle's crazy notions and all her noisy relatives. Eight keys Elise's life takes a turn for the worse.
She's bullied at school and now feels embarrassed by her best friend, Franklin, who's decidedly uncool, and she's struggling to cope with new arrivals in her home. Elise receives a mysterious key left for her by her father. A key that unlocks one of the eight doors upstairs in the barn. As Elise begins to unlock her past, she starts to realise that she can take control of her future. Eighteenth emergency, The Mouse and Ezzie have concocted seventeen hilarious emergency procedures for coping with life's dramas, but they are not prepared for the eighteenth emergency. Eldest As Eragon and his dragon, Saphira, travel to the land of the elves to further their training in the skills of the Dragon Rider, they experience new adventures.
Meanwhile, Eragon's cousin, Roran, fights a new battle back home and the outcome may put Eragon in grave danger. Eleanor and Park Eleanor is new in town. And she stands out instead of fitting in, with her mismatched clothes, her wild red hair and her chaotic home life. The day she sits in the seat next to Park on the bus, impossibly cool Park, she starts to learn what it means to fall in love. Set over the course of one school year, Eleanor and Park fall in love thanks to late-night conversations and a stack of mix tapes. They have nothing and everything to lose.
They are more real than any other character you will ever meet. Eleanor Roosevelt: a courageous spirit A tireless worker, skilful negotiator, bold spokesperson for the rights of all mankind, Eleanor Roosevelt remains one of the world's most admired women. Stepping in to keep her husband's political career alive while he battled the effects of polio, Eleanor transformed the role of First Lady from figurehead to activist.
Eleanor, crown jewel of Aquitane, France Eleanor, fourteen, oldest daughter of the Duke of Aquitaine in France, is next in line when her father's only legitimate son dies in She knows she will be married off. Eleanor wants to marry for love but that appears impossible. Eleanor, Elizabeth Eleanor finds her grandmother's diary in the old schoolhouse where she did her lessons. Elephant in the garden, An It's and Elizabeth's father is fighting with the German army on the eastern front.
In Dresden, Elizabeth, Karli and their mother are fleeing the city as the allied bombs fall. They face a torturous journey through a perilous, snow-covered landscape to reach the safety of the west. It would be hard enough, without an elephant in tow. Elephant man Joseph doesn't look like other people. His skin is thick and lumpy, his limbs are oddly shaped, and his head has a big, bony lump. People call him Elephant Man and scream in terror when they see him.
But, inside, Joseph longs for a friend to understand him. Based on the famous, true story of Joseph Merrick. Elephant mountain Kasem is thrilled when he is given responsibility for baby elephant, Pooky, and promises the elephant that he will always look after him.
Kasem has to remember many important things and wonders whether he will be able to keep his promise to Pooky. Elevator to nowhere A "Give Yourself Goosebumps" story. On a visit to an eccentric inventor, you discover his newest invention: the Transdimensional Transvator. Rather than going up and down, it travels to other dimensions where it's illegal to be a kid, or where people are the smallest things in the world, or worse. Eli the good For ten year old Eli Book, the summer of threatens to tear his family apart. There's his distant mother, his traumatised Vietnam vet dad, his rebellious sister, his anti-war protesting aunt, and his tough, yet troubled, best friend, Edie.
As tempers flare and his father's nightmares rage, Eli watches from the sidelines. But, soon, even he cannot escape the current of conflict. Elisabeth, the princess bride, Austria-Hungary Although not the most influential European royals, Elisabeth is still fascinating. As she begins her diary, the fifteen year old reveals her true passions, the outdoors, her family's home called Possenhofen, poetry, her pets, her father and horseback riding. Elite, The America is the strong competition for Maxon's heart, to leave her life and live the world of luxury as a One.
But the violence of the rebels and her feelings for an ex-boyfriend means nothing is a certainty. Eliza, Eliza, the biography of Eliza Winstanley Told through words and illustrations, the story of Australia's first leading lady and the first Australian actress to gain overseas success. Elizabeth and Zenobia Timid Elizabeth and her unusual, fearless friend, Zenobia, arrive at Witheringe House, the old manor where Elizabeth's father and his beloved sister, Tourmaline, lived as children.
Peculiar things begin to happen, especially in the forbidden East Wing. Sometimes, the flowers and vines of the wallpaper seem to be alive. A mirror has a surface like the water of a pond and an old book tells a different story after midnight. Zenobia is thrilled by the strangeness but Elizabeth is not so bold. Until she makes a mysterious and terrifying discovery. Elizabeth I, red rose of the House of Tudor, England Daughter of a fallen queen, young Princess Elizabeth lives a complicated and dangerous life.
She fears her father's famous temper but loves him dearly, she loves her brother Edward, heir to the throne, but doesn't like her older sister Mary, who torments and conspires against her. Ella enchanted Ella is given a blessing at birth, the gift of obedience, by a very stupid fairy.
THE BACKWOODS BOY.
It proves to be a mixed blessing for Ella who literally has to do what anyone, and everyone tells her. Ella mental and the good sense guide Ella is very good at providing advice to her friends. With this investigation begins the partnership of Holmes and Watson. Rump A master of the comedy of manners, William Congreve was the most elegant of the Restoration dramatists.
During the course of his maritime career, he worked as a gunrunner, tried to commit suicide by shooting himself in the chest, and sailed throughout Asia and on the Congo River. Subsequently, he used these experiences in many of his stories. Ending his career as a seaman in , he married Jessie George in and retired to Kent. Known particularly for his masterpieces Heart of Darkness, Nostromo, and Lord Jim, many of his works concern men struggling with their consciences in exotic and dangerous locales.
Stape, Senior Editor Exploring the workings of consciousness as well as the grim realities of imperialism, Heart of Darkness tells of Marlow, a seaman and wanderer, who journeys into the heart of the African continent to discover how the enigmatic Kurtz has gained power over the local people. Edited by Michael Newton J. Stape, Senior Editor A black satire of British society, this chilling tale features amoral characters on both sides of the law—fatuous civil servants and corrupt policemen, bomb-carrying terrorists and sleazy pornographers.
Edited by J. Edited with an Introduction by J. Under Western Eyes Edited with an Introduction by Stephen Donovan Conrad deftly depicts the political turmoil in Russia in and its psychological repercussions in this novel about a student unwittingly caught in revolutionary intrigue. Victory Edited with an Introduction by Robert Hampson A story of rescue and violent tragedy set in the Malayan archipelago, Victory combines high adventure with a sensitive portrayal of three drifters.
The Journals of Captain Cook Selected and Edited with Introductions by Philip Edwards In three expeditions between and , Captain Cook charted the entire coast of New Zealand and the east coast of Australia, and brought back detailed descriptions of Tahiti, Tonga, and a host of previously unknown islands in the Pacific including the Hawaiian islands. The Deerslayer Introduction by Donald E. Introduction and Notes by Donald A. Ringe The first of The Leatherstocking Tales introduces the mythical hero Natty Bumppo in a portrait that contrasts the natural codes of Bumppo to the rigid legal and social structures of a new settlement.
The Last of the Mohicans Introduction by Richard Slotkin Tragic, fast-paced, and stocked with the elements of a classic Western adventure, this novel takes Natty Bumppo and his Indian friend Chingachgook through hostile Indian territory. Introduction by Donald W. Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Gary Scharnhorst Henry Fleming is anxious to confirm his patriotism and manhood as a soldier in the Civil War.
Caught in the nightmare of battle, Fleming is finally driven by anger and confusion to a true act of courage. Edited with an Introduction by Larzer Ziff This unflinching portrayal of the squalor and brutality of turn-of-the-century New York caused a scandal upon its initial publication in This volume also includes twelve other tales and sketches written between and Letters provides an invaluable view of the pre-Revolutionary and Revolutionary eras; Sketches details in vivid prose the physical setting in which American settlers created their history.
He came out as a gay man in , when the slightest sign of homosexuality shocked public sensibilities, and he did so with provocative flamboyance, determined to spread the message that homosexuality did not exclude him or anyone else from the human race. Dante Alighieri Dante Alighieri was born in Florence in to a noble but impoverished family. At twenty, he married Gemma Donati, by whom he had four children. He had first met his muse Bice Portinari, whom he immortalized as Beatrice, in , and when she died in he sought distraction by studying philosophy and theology and by writing La Vita Nuova.
During this time he became involved in the strife between the Guelfs and the Ghibellines, becoming a prominent White Guelf. When the Black Guelfs came to power in Dante was condemned to exile. He took refuge first in Verona and after wandering from place to place, as far as Paris, he settled in Ravenna. There he completed The Divine Comedy, which he had begun in about , if not later. Dante died in Ravenna in Translated by Dorothy L. Translated with an Introduction by Dorothy L.
Translated and Edited with an Introduction, Commentary, and Notes by Robin Kirkpatrick This brilliant new verse translation of the three canticles that comprise The Divine Comedy deftly blends poetry and scholarship to create a profoundly enlightened version of Dante that is also a joy to read.
White, Edited with an Introduction by Ilan Stavans A unique and comprehensive anthology of the influential Nicaraguan writer, whose pioneering work made Latin American literature modern. Porter and Peter W. He took his degree in and in the same year embarked on a five-year voyage on HMS Beagle as a companion to the captain.
Some of his letters on scientific matters were privately published, and on his return he at once took his place among the leading men of science. In he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. Most of the rest of his life was occupied in publishing the findings of the voyage and in documenting his theory of the transmutation of species: On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection appeared in He died in , and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
This special bicentennial edition features cover art by controversial artist Damien Hirst, befitting of a writer regarded as one of the most revolutionary figures in science. This delightful exploration of the traditions of French cooking includes recipes. Foreword by Julia Child One of the first books to demonstrate the range of Italian cuisine, this volume distinguishes the complex traditions of Tuscany, Sicily, Lombardy, Umbria, and many other regions.
Magnus hones his skills, becomes better known, and even snags the starring role in a film about French illusionist Robert-Houdin. David looks to Jungian analysis as the answer to his troubles, and along the way, he and a wonderful cast of characters help connect him to his past and to the death of his father. Robinson Crusoe Edited with an Introduction by John Richetti Robinson Crusoe runs away to sea and after a number of adventures is shipwrecked on an uninhabited island.
There he remains for twenty years with his friendly cannibal servant, Man Friday, until he is rescued and returned to England. White Noise Introduction by Richard Powers Cover art by Michael Cho Winner of the National Book Award, White Noise—published here in a 25thanniversary deluxe edition—tells the story of Jack Gladney, his fourth wife, Babette, and four ultra-modern offspring as they navigate the rocky passages of family life to the background babble of brand-name consumerism. Hashish This is a compelling account of how nobleman, writer and adventurer Henri De Monfried seeks his fortune by becoming a collector and merchant of the fabled Gulf pearls, then is drawn into the shadowy world of arms trading, slavery, smuggling and drugs.
Translated with an Introduction by Desmond M. Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Gordon W. Spence In this superb novel about individuals caught in the horrors of the rebellion of apprentices against their masters, Dickens dramatizes his fascination with private murder and public violence. After participating in two explorations of the Mexican coast, he joined Cortes in the march on Mexico and the battles for the city.
He began his History of the Conquest of New Spain when he was over seventy, and the last survivor of the conquerors of Mexico. Fearing his literary abilities were not up to the task, he nearly abandoned the work, but resumed it because he felt that the other chroniclers of the period had not represented it accurately. He received a municipal office in Guatemala, but his great estates did not yield him much wealth, and he died around the year Rich in plot, language, and social commentary, this novel explores the possibility of redemption through familial love.
His father, a government clerk, was imprisoned for debt and Dickens was sent to work at the age of twelve. He became a reporter of parliamentary debates for the Morning Chronicle and began to publish sketches in various periodicals. He died on June 9, Little Dorrit Edited by Stephen Wall and Helen Small In one of the supreme masterpieces of his maturity, Dickens portrays a world of hypocrisy and shame, of exploiters and parasites, in a penetrating study of the psychology of imprisonment. Nicholas Nickleby Edited with an Introduction by Mark Ford Around the central story of Nicholas Nickleby and the misfortunes of his family, Dickens creates a gallery of colorful characters: the muddle-headed.
Oliver Twist Edited with an Introduction by Philip Horne This story of Oliver, a boy of unknown parentage who escapes a workhouse and embarks on a life of crime, shows how the lack of compassion in privileged society helps to make poverty a nursery of crime. Edited with an Introduction by Mark Wormald The story of the adventures of the charming, portly Sam Weller and his Pickwick Club catapulted the twenty-fouryear-old Dickens to fame. This edition contains the original illustrations. Translated by Michael Henry with an Introduction and Notes by Martin Hall In this revolutionary novel, a leading figure of the Enlightenment celebrates the unpredictable nature of man and the world as he considers the behavior of the moral being and the philosophical dilemma of free will and determinism.
Edited by A. The Nun Translated with an Introduction by Leonard Tancock Conventional Christianity is sharply criticized in a tale about a woman confined to a convent against her will. Translated with Introductions by Leonard Tancock In the form of dialogues, Diderot attacks stale conventions and offers a surprisingly modern view of life, sex, and morals. Translated with an Introduction and Notes by David McDuff This striking new translation chronicles the murder of Fyodor Karamazov and the subsequent investigation and trial.
This excellent translation recaptures the rough humor of the original. Belknap Savage and powerful yet lively and often comic, Demons was inspired by a real-life political murder and is a scathing and eerily prescient indictment of those who use violence to serve their beliefs. The Devils Translated with an Introduction by David Magarshack Denounced by radical critics as the work of a reactionary, this powerful story of Russian terrorists who plot destruction only to murder one of their own seethes with provocative political opinions.
Translated with an Introduction by David McDuff The four years Dostoyevsky spent in a Siberian prison inform this portrait of convicts, their diverse stories, and prison life, rendered in almost documentary detail. The Village of Stepanchikovo Translated with an Introduction by Ignat Avsey This work introduces a Dostoyevsky unfamiliar to most readers, revealing his unexpected talents as a humorist and satirist.
Full text of "Women in Science Fiction and Fantasy"
While its lighthearted tone and amusing plot make it a joy to read, it also contains the prototypes of characters who appear in his later works. Beginning a long career in journalism in , he later held several appointed positions in the United States Government.
Renowned as the foremost African American advocate against slavery and segregation of his time, he died in Washington, D. Sister Carrie Introduction by Alfred Kazin This subversive landmark novel, restored and unexpurgated, portrays the social world of turn-of-the-century United States through the story of a woman who becomes the mistress of a wealthy man. Edited with an Introduction by Houston A. Baker, Jr. Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Steven N. Frank Cowperwood, a fiercely ambitious businessman, emerges as the very embodiment of greed as he relentlessly seeks satisfaction in wealth, women, and power.
Introduction by Donald B. Gibson and Notes by Monica M. Elbert Social reformer and activist W. Du Bois expresses his passionate concern for the future of his race in this collection of essays depicting the psychological effects of segregation on American society. This classic exploration of the moral and intellectual issues surrounding the perception of blacks within American society remains an important document of our social and political history.
The Count of Monte Cristo Translated with an Introduction and Notes by Robin Buss This is the quintessential novel of revenge, complete with a mysterious and implacable hero who will stop at nothing to punish the men who betrayed him. His father, the illegitimate son of a marquis, was a general in the Revolutionary armies, but died when Dumas was only four. Brought up in straitened circumstances and receiving very little education, he nevertheless entered the household of the future king, Louis-Phillipe, and began reading voraciously. In he embarked on twenty years of successful playwriting, and in he turned his attention to writing historical novels, the most successful of which were The Count of Monte Cristo —5 and The Three Musketeers An unabashed pageturner, humorous, dramatic, and crackling with panache, this new English translation shows Dumas at the peak of his powers.
This comprehensive selection of his poetry includes his internationally acclaimed dialect poems and plantation lyrics, as well as numerous classical pieces that display the studied genius of a truly versatile and influential writer. Edited with an Introduction and Notes by S.
Joshi A pioneer in the realm of imaginative literature, Lord Dunsany has gained a cult following for his influence on modern fantasy literature. Over a century after its initial publication, this work continues to fascinate and challenge those seeking to understand one of the least understandable of human acts.
Introduction by Nigel Calder Having just completed his masterpiece, The General Theory of Relativity—which provided a new theory of gravity and promised an original perspective on the cosmos as a whole—Einstein set out to share his excitement with as wide a public as possible in this popular and accessible book. Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Terence Cave In Daniel Deronda, her remarkable final novel, Eliot set out to come to terms with the British Jews, a society-within-a-society of which her contemporaries seemed to be either oblivious or contemptuous.
Eliot weaves her plot strands intimately, infusing them with her insights about human nature and daring the readers of Middlemarch and Adam Bede to consider realms of experience completely new to the Victorian novel. Edited with an Introduction and Notes by A. Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Lynda Mugglestone Esther Lyon, the heroine, must choose between two men—one of independent wealth and one who is a political rascal— while also deciding her fate as a woman.
Romola Edited with an Introduction by Dorothea Barrett Published in , Romola probes into the issues of gender and learning and of desire and scholarship. Byatt and Nicholas Warren Introduction by A. The Condition of the Working Class in England Edited with a Foreword by Victor Kiernan Introducing ideas further developed in The Communist Manifesto, this savage indictment of the bourgeoisie studies British factory, mine, and farm workers—graphically portraying the human suffering born of the Industrial Revolution.
Translated and Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Robert Dobbin Despite being born into slavery, GrecoRoman philosopher Epictetus became one of the most influential thinkers of his time. Discourses and Selected Writings is a transcribed collection of informal lectures given by the philosopher around A. Levi The best introduction to the work of Erasmus, this is one of the finest masterpieces of the sixteenth century, superbly translated and reflecting the latest scholarly research. Translated with an Introduction by A.
Translated with an Introduction by Philip Vellacott Four plays—Ion and Helen in prose and The Bacchae and The Women of Troy with dialogue rewritten in verse—depict the guilt and suffering of war, and the subsequent loss of faith. Translated by John Davie Introduction and Notes by Richard Rutherford Euripides was the first of the great Greek tragedians to depict the figures of ancient mythology as fallible human beings. Shocking to his contemporaries, the four plays in this collection—Alcestis, Medea, The Children of Heracles, and Hippolytus— are uncannily modern not only in their insights but also in their realistic portraits of women, both good and evil.
Translated by John Davie with an Introduction by Richard Rutherford The dramas that Euripides wrote toward the end of his life are remarkable for their stylistic innovation and adventurous plots. In the plays in this collection—Heracles, Cyclops, Iphigenia Among the Taurians, Ion, and Helen—he weaves plots full of startling shifts of tone and exploits the comic potential found in traditional myth. Translated with an Introduction by Philip Vellacott Euripides was the first playwright to use the chorus as commentator, to put contemporary language into the mouths of heroes, and to interpret human suffering without reference to the gods.
These verse translations of Medea, Hecuba, Electra, and Mad Heracles capture all the brilliance of his work. Scott Fitzgerald captured the Jazz Age. Studs Lonigan Introduction by Ann Douglas The renowned trilogy of the youth, early manhood, and death of Studs Lonigan is here collected in one volume. Introduction by Ann Douglas The first book of the Studs Lonigan trilogy opens on the young hero, not yet fifteen, leaving behind the jailhouse rigors of St. A brilliant variant of the stream-of-consciousness novel pioneered by Joyce and Woolf, this tale of brazen boyhood remains one of the great American novels of the twentieth century.
Edited with an Introduction by Malcolm Cowley In prose of biblical grandeur and feverish intensity, William Faulkner reconstructed the history of the American South as a tragic legend of courage and cruelty, gallantry and greed, futile nobility and obscene crimes. Translated by Dick Davis Foreword by Azar Nafisi Among the greatest works of world literature, this prodigious narrative, composed by the poet Ferdowsi in the late tenth century, tells the story of pre-Islamic Iran, beginning in the mythic time of creation and continuing forward to the Arab invasion in the seventh century.
His great epic the Shahnameh, to which he devoted much of his adult life, was originally composed for the Samanid princes of Khorasan, who were the chief instigators of the revival of Persian cultural traditions after the Arab conquest. Introduction and Notes by Susan Belasco In Ruth Hall, one of the bestselling novels of the s, Fanny Fern drew heavily on her own experiences: the death of her first child and her beloved husband, a bitter estrangement from her family, and her struggle to make a living as a writer.
Written as a series of short vignettes and snatches of overheard conversations, it is as unconventional in style as in substance and strikingly modern in its impact. Introduction by Angela Y. First and her husband Joe Slovo were leading members of the antiapartheid movement. In in Maputo, Mozambique, she was killed by a letter-bomb sent to her by the South African security police. Gustave Flaubert Born in Rouen in , Gustave Flaubert was the son of a brilliant surgeon and grew to be strongly critical of bourgeois society.
He quit law school in after being diagnosed with epilepsy and devoted himself to writing. His stormy affair with the poet Louise Colet ended after nine years in His masterpiece Madame Bovary, based on two different true stories, was published the next year, and Flaubert narrowly escaped being convicted for immorality due to its daring content. His work reflects his passion for poetic prose and, at the same time, relentless objectivity.
John the Baptist. Krailsheimer An epic story of lust, cruelty, and sensuality, this historical novel is set in Carthage in the days following the First Punic War with Rome. First-class— uplifting, shaming, beautiful enough to make you weep. The Good Soldier Introduction and Notes by David Bradshaw Ford explores the deceptions of Edward Ashburnham, an impeccable British gentleman and soldier with an overbearing ruthlessness in affairs of the heart.
Edited with an Introduction and Notes by David Lodge A chance acquaintance bringing together the prosperous bourgeois Wilcox family and the clever, cultured, and idealistic Schlegel sisters sets in motion a chain of events that will entangle three families and their aspirations for personal and social harmony. The Longest Journey Introduction by Gilbert Adair An introspective novel at once comic and tragic, The Longest Journey tells of a sensitive young man with an intense imagination and a certain amount of literary talent who sets out to become a writer, but gives up his aspirations for those of the conventional world and gradually sinks into a life of conformity and disappointments.
Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Malcolm Bradbury Lucy Honeychurch is torn between the expectations of her world and the passionate yearnings of her heart. Within this sparkling love story, Forster has couched a perceptive examination of class structure and a penetrating social comedy. The Gods Will Have Blood Translated with an Introduction by Frederick Davies Set during the French Revolution in the fifteen months preceding the fall of Robespierre, this novel by Nobel Prize winner Anatole France powerfully recreates the Terror—a period of intense and virtually indiscriminate violence.
The Damnation of Theron Ware Introduction by Scott Donaldson A candid inquiry into the intertwining of religious and sexual fervor, and a telling portrait of the United States at the end of the nineteenth century, this novel foreshadows the rise of naturalism in American literature. Introduction by George W. Stocking, Jr. A monumental study of magic, folklore, and religion, The Golden Bough draws on the myths, rites and rituals, totems and taboos, and customs of ancient European civilizations and primitive cultures throughout the world.
Lawrence, Ezra Pound, and T. Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Sandra A. This collection showcases her many modes—romantic, gothic, and psychologically symbolic—as well as her use of humor and irony and comprises fifteen stories and the novella The Jamesons. The answer, argued Freud in this groundbreaking study of humor, is that jokes, like dreams, satisfy our unconscious desires.
This delightful analysis features a rich collection of puns, one-liners, witticisms and anecdotes. Translated by Anthea Bell Introduction by Paul Keegan The most trivial slips of the tongue or pen, Freud believed, can reveal our secret ambitions, money worries, and sexual fantasies. This dazzling analysis of repressed society ranks among his most entertaining and accessible works. His career began with brilliant work on the nervous system. He was almost thirty when his interests first turned to psychology, and another ten years of clinical work in Vienna at first in collaboration with Joseph Breuer, an older colleague saw the birth of his creation—psychoanalysis.
What began simply as a method of treating neurotic patients quickly grew into an accumulation of knowledge about the workings of the mind in general, whether sick or healthy. Translated by Andrew Webber Introduction by Colin McCabe In , Judge Daniel Schreber produced a vivid account of a nervous illness dominated by the desire to become a woman, delusions about his doctor, and a bizarre relationship with God. Eight years later, Freud uncovered the unacceptable feelings the patient had for his father, demonstrating normal patterns of psychosexual development and the human tendency to transform love into hate.
As full of compassionate human interest as of scientific insight, these case histories— presented here in a new translation—are also remarkable, revelatory works of literature. This story of raging comedy and despair centers on the tempestuous marriage of an heiress and a Vietnam veteran. Introduction by William H. Gass First published in and considered one of the most profound works of fiction of this century, The Recognitions tells the story of a painter-counterfeiter who forges out of love, not larceny, in an age when the fakes have become indistinguishable from the real.
JR Introduction by Frederick R. Karl Winner of the National Book Award The hero of this novel of epic comedy and satire is an eleven-year-old capitalist who parlays Navy surplus forks and some defaulted bonds into a vast empire of free enterprise. All surviving letters are here translated into English. Edited by Laura Kranzler In these nine strange and wonderful tales, Gaskell—best known for books about middle-class life in country villages— used spine-tingling, supernatural elements to explore human frailties and the dualities in everyday life. Cranford Edited with an Introduction by Patricia Ingham An affectionately ironic and understated depiction of an early Victorian country town, Cranford captures the transition from old values to new.
Elizabeth Gaskell Elizabeth Gaskell was born in London in , but she spent her formative years in Cheshire, Stratford-upon-Avon, and the north of England. In she married the Reverend William Gaskell. Dickens discovered her resilient strength of character when trying to impose his views on her as editor. Ruth Edited with an Introduction by Angus Easson Overturning the conventional assumption that a woman once seduced is condemned to exclusion from respectable society, Gaskell draws a heroine whose emotional honesty, innate morality, and the love she shares with her illegitimate son are sufficient for redemption.
Gaskell deftly interweaves the eternal flames of jealousy, unrequited love, and he consequences of individual choice. Treadwell with an Introduction by Bryan Loughrey This witty parody of Italian opera, featuring the denizens of the British underworld, was performed more than any other play during the eighteenth century. The History of the Kings of Britain Translated with an Introduction by Lewis Thorpe This heroic epic of the twelfth century, describing such half-legendary kings as Cymbeline, Arthur, and Lear inspired Malory, Spenser, Shakespeare, and many other writers.
Translated with an Introduction by Lewis Thorpe The Journey, an accurate and comprehensive history of twelfth-century Wales, is filled with lively anecdotes and folklore; The Description offers a fascinating picture of the life of ordinary Welshmen. When the recently orphaned socialite Flora Poste descends on her relatives at the aptly named Cold Comfort Farm in deepest Sussex, she finds a singularly miserable group in dire need of her particular talent—organization.
Set in the harsh landscape of northern Scotland and infused with local vernacular, this is a poignant and intense portrait of Scottish life in the early twentieth century. Knight Wonderfully sardonic and slyly humorous, the writings of landmark American feminist and socialist thinker Charlotte Perkins Gilman were penned in response to her frustration with the gender-based double standard that prevailed in America as the twentieth century began. From the triumphant comic romps The Pirates of Penzance, HMS Pinafore, and The Mikado to less frequently performed gems such as the partially lost work Thespis, all appear here in their most accurate and faithful form.
Introduction by Elaine Showalter A refreshing antidote to Victorian novels celebrating romantic love and marriage, The Odd Women is a dramatic look at the actual circumstances, options, and desires of women that is astonishingly contemporary. Caleb Williams Edited with an Introduction by Maurice Hindle A psychological detective novel about power, Caleb Williams was an imaginative contribution to the radical cause in the British debate on the French Revolution.
Elective Affinities Translated with an Introduction by R. Hollingdale Condemned as immoral when it was first published, this novel reflects the conflict Goethe felt between his respect for the conventions of marriage and the possibility of spontaneous passion. Byatt Goethe explores here the philosophical themes that obsessed him throughout his life in a work rich in allusion and allegory. Translated with an Introduction by W. Maxims and Reflections Translated by Elizabeth Stopp and Edited with an Introduction by Peter Hutchinson These 1, reflections reveal only some of his deepest thoughts on art, ethics, literature, and natural science but also his immediate reactions to books, chance encounters, and his administrative work.
Selected Poetry Translated with an Introduction and Notes by David Luke Goethe viewed the writing of poetry as essentially autobiographical, and the works selected in this dual-language verse translation represent more than sixty years in the life of the poet. Introduction by Robert A. Maguire Translated by Ronald Wilks Nikolai Gogol greatly influenced Russian literature with his powerful depictions of a society dominated by petty bureaucracy and base corruption.
Ranging from comic to tragic, this volume includes both his most admired short fiction and his most famous drama. Living My Life Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Miriam Brody Anarchist revolutionary Emma Goldman chronicles in her autobiography the historical epoch which she helped shape: the reform movements of the Progressive Era. Vis and Ramin Translated and Edited with an Introduction by Dick Davis Believed by scholars to be the inspiration for Tristan and Isolde, Vis and Ramin was written between and and is considered the first epic Persian romance.
Princess Vis finds herself escorted to her future husband by his brother, Ramin, an impetuous prince who cannot help falling in love with his charge and jeopardizing the fate of two realms. Tristan Translated with an Introduction by A. Hatto This medieval version of the legendary romance between Tristan and Isolde portrays Tristan as a sophisticated preRenaissance man. A story of animal cunning and human camaraderie, The Wind in the Willows remains a timeless tale nearly years after its publication pp.
Introduction by J. He studied at the Berkhamsted School, where his father was headmaster, before entering Balliol College, Oxford. In Greene became a journalist for the Nottingham Journal and converted to Catholicism to be closer to his future wife, Vivien Dayrell-Browning. His first novel, The Man Within, was published three years later. The Quiet American, Our Man in Havana, and Orient Express are among his numerous provocative, exotically suspenseful, and often hilarious explorations of the corruption of the human spirit.
Many of his novels have been adapted successfully to the screen. Each story confirms V. Introduction by Michael Gorra A love affair, abruptly and inexplicably broken off, prompts the grief-stricken novelist Maurice Bendrix to hire a private detective to discover the cause. A tour de force of moral suspense, this is the story of a confirmed liar and cheat whose untimely discovery of decency may cost him not only his job but also his life. Introduction by Alan Furst This is a complex portrait of the shadowy inner landscape of Arthur Rowe—torn apart with guilt over mercifully murdering his sick wife—and the terrifying phantasmagoric landscape of England during the Blitz.
A History of the Franks Translated with an Introduction by Lewis Thorpe This colorful narrative of French history in the sixth century is a dramatic and detailed portrait of a period of political and religious turmoil. Following a map of dubious reliability, a small group of men trek into southern Africa in search of a lost friend—and a lost treasure, the fabled mines of King Solomon. She has enthralled the imaginations of generations of readers who remain fascinated by its representations of dangerous women, adventuring men, and unexplored Africa. Voyages and Discoveries Edited and Abridged with an Introduction by Jack Beeching In this work of Hakluyt—a Renaissance diplomat, scholar, and spy—lies the beginnings of geography, economics, ethnography, and the modern world itself.
Knut Hamsun Knut Hamsun was born in to a poor peasant family in central Norway and spent the early part of his life eking out a living through a series of low-wage jobs. Perhaps his best known work is Growth of the Soil , which earned him the Nobel Prize in After the Second World War, as a result of his openly expressed Nazi sympathies during the German occupation of Norway, Hamsun forfeited his considerable fortune to the state.
He died in poverty in Translated with an Introduction and Notes by Sverre Lyngstad First published in Norway in , Hunger probes into the depths of consciousness with frightening and gripping power. Like the works of Dostoyevsky, it marks an extraordinary break with Western literary and humanistic traditions. Translated with an Introduction and Notes by Sverre Lyngstad Set in Norway in the s, Victoria follows two doomed lovers through their lifelong affair. Victoria is an impoverished aristocrat and Johannes, the son of a miller.
Burdened by social pressures, financial constraints and loyalty to family, the pair part ways, only to realize—too late—the grave misfortune of love lost. Translated with an Introduction and Notes by Sverre Lyngstad Johan Nilsen Nagel is a mysterious stranger who suddenly turns up in a small Norwegian town one summer—and just as suddenly disappears.
And, as in his novels, it is frequently the women who fall in love unwisely, in defiance of their class, their expectations, or their family loyalties, and suffer for their impulsiveness. Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Dennis Taylor In this haunting love story, the stonemason Jude Fawley and Sue Brideshead, both having left earlier marriages, find happiness in their relationship.
Ironically, when tragedy tests their union, it is Sue, the modern emancipated woman, who proves unequal to the challenge. Using the restoration of a castle as a framework, Hardy considers the ancient analogy between architecture and philosophy.
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